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Vantin

Generic Vantin is a high-class medication which is taken in treatment and termination of serious infections such as pneumonia, gonorrhea, bronchitis, infection of skin, bladder, urinary tract, nose, throat and ear, sinus infections, tonsillitis. Generic Vantin acts as an anti-infection remedy. Generic Vantin operates by killing bacteria which spreads by infection.

Other names for this medication:

Similar Products:
Duricef, Ancef, Kefazol, Keflex, Keftabs, Velocef, Intracef, Ceporin

 

Also known as:  Cefpodoxime.

Description

Generic Vantin is created by pharmacy specialists to struggle with dangerous infections (infection of skin, bladder, urinary tract, nose, throat and ear, pneumonia, gonorrhea, bronchitis, sinus infections, tonsillitis). Target of Generic Vantin is to control, ward off and terminate bacteria.

Generic Vantin acts as an anti-infection remedy. Generic Vantin operates by killing bacteria which spreads by infection.

Vantin is also known as Cefpodoxime proxetil, Cefocep.

Generic Vantin and other antibiotics don't treat viral infections (flu, cold and other).

Generic Vantin is cephalosporins.

Generic name of Generic Vantin is Cefpodoxime.

Brand name of Generic Vantin is Vantin.

Dosage

Generic Vantin can be taken in tablets (200 mg), liquid forms. You should take it with water by mouth.

Generic Vantin treats different types of bacterial infections. Thus, for each treatment it has different dosage instructions.

It is better to take Generic Vantin 2 times a day for 7-14 days.

It is better to take Generic Vantin tablets every day at the same time with meals. Its liquid forms are taken with meals or without it.

Do not stop taking Generic Vantin suddenly.

Overdose

If you overdose Generic Vantin and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Symptoms of Generic Vantin overdosage: abdominal cramps, diarrhoea, nausea, retching.

Storage

Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. After mixing the suspension store in a refrigerator between 2 and 8 degrees C (36 and 46 degrees F). Do not freeze. Throw away unused portion after fourteen days. Keep out of the reach of children in a container that small children cannot open.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Vantin are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

Do not use Generic Vantin if you are allergic to Generic Vantin components.

Be careful with Generic Vantin if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby. Avoid breast-feeding.

Do not use Generic Vantin in case of taking antacids as Tums, Maalox, Rolaids or other stomach acid reducers as Axid, Protonix, Zantac, Aciphex, Tagamet, Prilosec, Nexium, Pepcid, Prevacid.

Be careful with Generic Vantin in case of having allergy to cephalosporins (Ceftin, Duricef, Ceclor, Keflex).

Be careful with Generic Vantin usage in case of having kidney or liver disease, colitis, stomach problems.

Try to be careful with Generic Vantin usage in case of taking antibiotics, loop diuretic (furosemide, bumetanide as Bumex, torsemide as Demadex); probenecid as Benemid; warfarin as Coumadin; ethacrynic acid as Edecrin.

Use Generic Vantin with great care in case you want to undergo an operation (dental or any other).

Try to avoid machine driving.

Avoid alcohol.

It can be dangerous to stop Generic Vantin taking suddenly.

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The clinical efficacy was examined for the newly developed oral cephem antibiotic, cefpodoxime proxetil (CPDX-PR) dry syrup, in the treatment of various acute infections in the field of pediatrics. CPDX-PR dry syrup was administered at 10 mg/kg/day in 3-divided doses to 535 children at 21 institutions, including Tottori University Hospital and its related hospitals. The efficacy rate of this drug was determined to be 80.8%. Among isolates, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus sp. were highly susceptible to the drug, whereas Haemophilus influenzae showed relatively poor susceptibility. Side effects were observed in 2.80% of all of the patients, and abnormal laboratory findings were detected in 1.87%. The low incident of side effects demonstrated its high safety, and this drug was considered to be very useful for such pediatric infections as acute tonsillitis, acute pharyngitis and acute bronchitis.

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A new validated spectrofluorimetric method has been developed for the determination of some cephalosporins namely; cefepime, cefaclor, cefadroxil, cefpodoxime and cefexime. The method was based on the reaction of these drugs with safranin in slightly alkaline medium (pH 8.0), to form ion-association complexes. The fluorescent products were extracted into chloroform and their fluorescence intensities were measured at 544-565 nm after excitation at 518-524 nm. The reaction conditions influencing the product formation and stability were investigated and optimized. The relative fluorescence intensity was proportional to the drug concentration in the linear ranges of 0.15-1.35, 0.35-1.25, 0.35-1.25, 0.20-1.44 and 0.20-1.25 μg/mL for cefepime, cefaclor, cefadroxil, cefpodoxime proxetil and cefexime, respectively. The detection limits were 40, 100, 100, 60 and 70 ng/mL, respectively. The performance of the developed method was evaluated in terms of Student's t-test and variance ratio F-test to find out the significance of proposed methods over the reference spectrophotometric method. Various pharmaceutical formulations were successfully analyzed using the proposed method and the results were in good agreement with those of the previously reported methods.

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The present work is the maiden drug utilization study conducted in ENT department at our university hospital. It highlighted some rational prescription patterns including less utilization of antibiotics in ENT infections, good adherence by patients and prescription by brand names. The data presented here will be useful in future, long-term and more extensive drug utilization studies in the hospital and in promotion of rational prescribing and drug use in hospitals.

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The most common pathogen causing skin infections is Staphylococcus aureus and the incidence of multiply resistant strains of S. aureus has been increasing. The in vitro susceptibility of 130 isolates of S. aureus to 19 antimicrobial agents: ampicillin (ABPC), methicillin, cefaclor, cefpodoxime proxetil, gentamicin, erythromycin, clindamycin, minocycline, vancomycin, fusidic acid, norfloxacin, ofloxacin, enoxacin, ciprofloxacin, lomefloxacin, tosufloxacin, sparfloxacin, nadifloxacin and grepafloxacin, was evaluated by agar dilution tests. The S. aureus isolates were isolated from 130 patients with skin infections in 1994. The proportion of methicillin-resistant S. aureus isolates among the strains isolated was 19.2%. The concentration needed to inhibit 50% of the isolates was 3.13 mg/ml or less for all of the drugs, but the concentration needed to inhibit 90% of isolates was over 12.5 micrograms/ml, except in the cases of minocycline, vancomycin, fusidic acid, tosufloxacin and nadifloxacin. Tosufloxacin and nadifloxacin had the lowest minimum inhibitory concentrations. None of the S. aureus strains was resistant to nadifloxacin.

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The influence of cefpodoxime proxetil (CPDX-PR, CS-807), a new oral cephalosporin, on the intestinal bacterial flora was studied in tetra-contaminated mice and in pediatric patients. CPDX-PR dry syrup was administered at a dose of 10 mg/kg once a day for 5 consecutive days to mice contaminated with 4 different species of bacteria: Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecalis, Bacteroides fragilis and Bifidobacterium breve. No notable changes were observed in fecal viable cell counts except that slight decreases of E. coli counts were observed on the days 3 to 5 after starting administration. The subjects in the pediatric study were 5 children with infections, 3 boys and 2 girls at ages from 1 year 1 month to 6 years 10 months, with their body weights ranging from 9.3 to 23.8 kg. CPDX-PR dry syrup was administered at a dose between 3.0 to 3.7 mg/kg, 3 times a day for 4 to 7 days. Although some variations of the fecal bacterial flora were noticed between subjects during the administration of CPDX-PR, no notable changes were observed in major aerobic and anaerobic bacteria such as Enterobacteriaceae, Enterococcus, Bacteroides and Bifidobacterium in 4 of the 5 cases. Large decreases in Streptococcus, Enterobacteriaceae, Bifidobacterium, Eubacterium and anaerobic cocci and an increase in Enterococcus were observed in the other case. There was no case in which glucose non-fermenting Gram-negative rods and fungi became predominant. Regarding Enterobacteriaceae, transitory bacterial replacement was observed within the genus. Fecal concentration of CPDX during the administration of CPDX-PR was extremely low or below the detectable limit except one specimen from a case in which intestinal bacterial flora showed remarkable changes. From the above, CPDX-PR appears to be a drug with a relatively small influence on the intestinal bacterial flora.

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Randomized, controlled studies were selected for evaluation; however, uncontrolled studies were included when data were limited for indications approved by the Food and Drug Administration.

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Evidence for optimal treatment regimens was obtained by searching PubMed and the Cochrane database for English-language studies published up to July 21, 2014.

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Six pediatric patients who had AOM with otorrhea caused by CA-MRSA.

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We have carried out laboratory and clinical studies on cefpodoxime proxetil (CS-807, CPDX-PR). The results are summarized as follows. CPDX-PR was given via oral administration to each 2 children at a single dose of 3 mg/kg and to each of 3 children in a 100 mg tablet. After the oral administration, mean peak serum levels of CPDX obtained for the 2 dose levels were 1.86 +/- 0.35 micrograms/ml and 2.16 +/- 0.63 micrograms/ml at 2 hours, respectively, and mean half-lives were 1.31 +/- 0.02 hours and 1.47 +/- 0.18 hours, respectively. The mean urinary excretion rate of CPDX was 32.8 +/- 1.0% in the first 12 hours after the oral administration of 3 mg/kg. When a dose of 100 mg tablet was given to each of the 3 children, urinary excretion rates in the first 12 hours were 43.5%, 48.6% and 24.8%, respectively. Treatment with CPDX-PR was done in 38 cases of pediatric bacterial infections; 19 cases of tonsillitis, 3 cases of pharyngitis, 1 case of bronchitis, 3 cases of pneumonia, 3 cases of scarlet fever, 2 cases of impetigo, 4 cases of UTI and 1 case each of phlegmone, subcutaneous abscess and balanitis. Results obtained were excellent in 23 cases, good in 15 cases. No significant side effect due to the drug was observed in any cases.

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Inferences drawn from in vitro studies suggest that microballoons may be potential delivery system for cefpodoxime proxetil with improvement in bioavailability in comparison to conventional dosage forms.

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According to recently issued treatment guidelines, appropriate empiric choices for ambulatory patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) are a macrolide, doxycycline (for patients aged > or = 8 years), or an oral beta-lactam agent with good activity against pneumococci.

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Pharmacokinetic, bacteriological and clinical studies on cefpodoxime proxetil (CPDX-PR, CS-807), a newly developed oral cephem, were carried out in the treatment of infectious diseases in the field of pediatrics. 1. Since CPDX demonstrates very powerful antimicrobial actions against such Gram-negative bacilli as Escherichia coli, Salmonella sp., Klebsiella pneumoniae and Serratia sp., such Gram-positive cocci as Streptococcus pyogenes and Streptococcus pneumoniae, and beta-lactamase producing Branhamella catarrhalis and Haemophilus influenzae, this drug was thought to be useful for the treatment of pediatric infectious diseases when main causative bacteria in the field of pediatrics were taken into account. 2. When changes in blood and urine concentrations of CPDX following the administration of this drug at 3.7 mg/kg before meal were determined, Cmax and T1/2 were found to be 2.98 micrograms/ml at 2-hour and 1.73 hours, respectively; an urinary excretion rate in the first 6 hours and a maximum urine concentration were 32.5% and 52 micrograms/ml, respectively. 3. Clinically, 8 of 8 patients with the upper respiratory tract infections (100%), 28 of 29 patients with bronchitis and/or pneumonia (96.6%), 3 of 4 patients with otitis media (75%), 2 of 2 patients with sinusitis (100%), 3 of 3 patients with the skin soft tissue infections (100%), 1 of 1 patient with bacterial enteritis (100%) and 11 of 14 patients with urinary tract infections (78.6%) responded well to the treatment with CPDX-PR, showing a 91.8% efficacy rate in all the patients treated. 4. Bacteriologically, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, S. pyogenes, S. pneumoniae, E. faecalis, B. catarrhalis, H. influenzae, E. coli and Salmonella typhimurium were all eradicated from 5, 1, 4, 6, 1, 5, 5, 11 and 1 patient, respectively. An eradication rate in all the patients examined was 97.5% (39/40). 5. Gastrointestinal symptoms appeared as side effects in 2 of 71 patients (vomiting in 1 and diarrhea in 1), hence, an incidence of side effects was 2.8% (2/71). As for abnormal laboratory findings, eosinophilia, thrombocytosis and increases in GOT and GPT were observed in 3 of 39 patients examined (7.7%), 1 of 39 patients (2.6%) and 2 of 34 patients (5.9%), respectively. In addition, we also examined the effect of the drug on the hemostatic system, but found no changes upon the treatment. Based on these results, it appeared that CPDX-PR was a useful and safe drug in treatment of infectious diseases in the field of pediatrics when administered 2-3 times a day at a dose of 3-6 mg/kg.

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Analysis of restriction fragment-length polymorphism of ribosomal DNA regions (ribotypes) was used as an epidemiologic tool to compare 25 pre- and posttreatment strains obtained from 12 patients treated with either cefpodoxime proxetil or amoxicillin-clavulanic acid. Ribotyping is a promising method to differentiate relapse from reinfection in the treatment failures of Escherichia coli urinary tract infections.

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Pharmacist intervention and cefpodoxime step-down therapy were associated with decreased overall antibiotic costs in our intravenous-to-oral program.

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Cefpodoxime for 10 days vs cefpodoxime for 5 days vs penicillin V for 10 days produced bacteriologic eradication at the end of therapy in 95%, 90%, and 78% of the patients, respectively. The 10- and 5-day cefpodoxime treatment regimens were more efficacious than penicillin V (P = .003 and P = .02, respectively). The cumulative bacteriologic failure rate among assessable patients by the 32- to 38-day posttreatment visit was 20 (17%) of 121 patients who were treated with cefpodoxime for 10 days, 24 (19%) of 125 patients who were treated with cefpodoxime for 5 days, and 45 (35%) of 130 patients who were treated with penicillin V for 10 days (P = .001 and P = .005, respectively). Clinical cure or improvement was observed at the end of therapy in 96%, 94%, and 91% of the patients, respectively (P = not significant). Adverse events were infrequent and similar in all three treatment groups, with minor gastrointestinal side effects predominating.

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A number of oral third-generation cephalosporins (cefixime, cefetamet pivoxil, ceftibuten and cefpodoxime proxetil) have been widely trialled and are becoming available. In addition, cefdinir may also be marketed. Compared with first- and second-generation agents, the oral third-generation cephalosporins have an improved antibacterial spectrum and reduced minimum inhibitory concentrations against common Gram-negative pathogens. In contrast, with the exception of cefdinir, they are less active against Staphylococcus aureus. They have favourable pharmacokinetic profiles and are generally administered in once- or twice-daily regimens. They are well tolerated, but cefixime has been associated with a particularly high rate of diarrhoea. Possible clinical indications for the use of oral third-generation cephalosporins include upper and lower respiratory, genitourinary and soft-tissue infections and follow-on treatment of severe infections requiring hospitalisation. At present, these drugs offer no particular clinical advantages over standard therapy in most circumstances. However, they may be considered where there is hypersensitivity to penicillins, a high incidence of resistance to first-line therapy in the community, or failure of standard therapy. Further studies are needed to define the efficacy of oral third-generation agents in the prevention of rheumatic fever and as follow-on therapy for severe infections. The oral third-generation cephalosporins are generally more expensive than standard agents, but detailed studies that include extended costs (e.g. treatment of adverse effects, treatment of clinical failure, return visits to physicians) have yet to be reported.

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The effects of gastric motility on the pharmacokinetics of cefpodoxime proxetil, an oral, broad spectrum, third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic were evaluated in 12 healthy subjects. In this open-label, crossover trial, each subject took a 200 mg dose (two 100 mg film-coated tablets) in each study period. There was an initial fasting period followed by a control period and then either a propantheline or metoclopramide period. Gastric motility was measured using [99mTc]-labeled sulfur colloid in oatmeal in the control, propantheline and metoclopramide periods. Treatment with propantheline or metoclopramide was given 30 min before dosing with the antibiotic and the radioisotope. Serial images with a gamma counter were made every 15 min for 2 h. Gastric emptying time was faster than control with metoclopramide, but generally slower with propantheline than control. The mean peak plasma concentration, mean area under plasma concentration time curve and mean half-life of cefpodoxime proxetil were similar in all groups as compared to control. The mean time to peak plasma concentration was delayed in the propantheline period and peak plasma concentrations were greater at all sampling times at six hours after dosing. This study utilized the gastric nuclear scan with modification of gastric motility by metoclopramide and propantheline and with simultaneous determination of the disposition of cefpodoxime proxetil to understand the absorption of the drug.

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A 16-year-old white hemophiliac boy with HIV infection secondary to tainted coagulation factor VIII was treated with indinavir sulfate. The patient developed gross hematuria, proteinuria, pyuria, abdominal pain, increased bilirubin, an elevated serum creatinine (SCr) of 1.2 mg/dL (baseline 0.9-1.0), and symptoms of renal colic within 1 month of starting indinavir sulfate therapy. Approximately 2 months later the patient developed a low-grade fever with a further increase in SCr. He was prescribed a 10-day course of cefpodoxime proxetil for a possible urinary tract infection. One week later, the patient developed fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, decreased appetite, sterile pyuria, nasal congestion, and an elevated SCr of 1.3-1.7 mg/dL. Indinavir sulfate and cefpodoxime proxetil were discontinued and the patient was suspected of having tubulointerstitial nephritis secondary to indinavir sulfate. The patient's nephritis resolved and the SCr decreased to 1.1 mg/dL within 1 month of discontinuing indinavir sulfate.

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The present study deals with spectrophotometric analysis of cefpodoxime proxetil by utilizing 4 different hydrotropic agents such as ammonium acetate (6 M), sodium citrate (1.25 M), sodium gycinate (1 M), sodium chloride (1 M), and urea (1 M).

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A simple, rapid and selective high performance liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization-mass spectrometry (HPLC-APCI-MS) method was developed and validated for the simultaneous estimation of cefpodoxime proxetil (CDPX) and clavulanic acid (CA) in human plasma. Extraction of samples was done by solid phase extraction technique (SPE) and chloramphenicol used as internal standard. Chromatographic separation was carried out on a reverse phase Princeton SPHER C18 (150mm×4mm i.d., 5μm) column using mixture of methanol: acetonitrile: 2mM ammonium acetate (25:25:50, v/v, pH 3.5) at 0.8mL/min flow rate. Detection was performed on a single quadrupole MS by selected ion monitoring (SIM) mode via APCI source. The calibration curve was linear within the concentration range, 0.04-4.4μg/mL and 0.1-10.0μg/mL for CDPX and CA respectively. Pharmacokinetic parameters of tablet (CDPX 200mg, CA 125mg) were evaluated. Cmax, Tmax, T1/2, elimination rate constant (Kel), AUC0-t, and AUC0-∞ of tablet were 2.13±0.06μg/mL, 2h, 3.05±0.15h, 0.24±0.37h(-1), 6.81±0.14μg h/mL and 7.72±0.23μg h/mL respectively for cefpodoxime (CP), 5.34±0.28μg/mL, 2h, 2.73±0.25h, 0.26±0.31h(-1), 15.37±0.16μg h/mL and 16.59±0.53μg h/mL respectively for CA.

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Cefpodoxime proxetil (CPDX-PR, CS-807) dry syrup was administered orally to 31 patients with various infections at daily dose levels between 5.4 and 10.9 mg/kg divided into three doses. 1. The subjects were 3 patients with urinary tract infections, 25 with tonsillitis and 1 patient each with bronchitis, pneumonia, and cervical lymphadenitis. Clinical effects were excellent in 16 cases, good in 14, and fair in 1 (tonsillitis), with an overall efficacy rate of 96.8%. 2. Organisms suspected as pathogens were 32 strains (6 strains of Staphylococcus aureus, 2 of Streptococcus pyogenes, 1 of Enterococcus faecalis, 15 of Haemophilus influenzae, 5 of Haemophilus parainfluenzae and 3 of Escherichia coli). Bacteriologically, eradication of pathogens were observed in 30 strains, decrease in one (H. parainfluenzae), and no change in another (E. faecalis), thus the eradication rate was 93.8%. 3. Side effect was observed in 1 case (slight eruption) but it was possible continue the treatment. Abnormal laboratory test values were observed in 1 case of a slight prolongation of prothrombin time and eosinophilia, but they were not serious. Diarrhea was not observed in any patients. 4. All the medication was done on schedule. No refusal of the drug occurred due to its taste or odor.

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Cefpodoxime proxetil is a new oral esterified cephem antibiotic with a broad antibacterial spectrum. The dissolution of cefpodoxime proxetil is pH dependent. The objectives of this study were to characterize the pharmacokinetics of cefpodoxime proxetil in two different oral doses and to examine possible interactions with an antacid, aluminum magnesium hydroxide (Maalox 70), and an H2 receptor antagonist, famotidine. Two studies involving the same 10 healthy volunteers were performed. In the first study, cefpodoxime proxetil was administered in two doses, 0.1 and 0.2 g. In the second study, two interventions were performed in a randomized crossover design. For one intervention, the volunteers were pretreated with 40 mg of famotidine 1 h before 0.2 g of cefpodoxime proxetil was administered. In the second trial, participants were given 10 ml of Maalox 70 2 h and 10 ml of Maalox 70 15 min before they received 0.2 g of cefpodoxime proxetil. Serum and urine concentrations were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. For the statistical evaluation, these data were tested by using the pharmacokinetics of 0.2 g of cefpodoxime proxetil from the first study. The maximum concentrations were 1.19 +/- 0.32 mg/liter after 0.1 g of cefpodoxime proxetil and 2.54 +/- 0.64 mg/liter after 0.2 g of cefpodoxime proxetil. The elimination half-lives were 149 min for 0.1 g and 172 min for 0.2 g of cefpodoxime proxetil. The total increase in the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) was dose dependent. Combination with Maalox 70 caused a reduction in the AUC from 14.0 +/- 3.9 to 8.44 +/- 1.85 mg.h/liter. After famotidine, the AUC decreased to 8.36 +/- 2.0 mg . h/liter. Corresponding changes were registered for the maximum concentration of drug in serum, 24-h urine recovery, and the time to maximum concentration of drug serum. Cefpodoxime proxetil was well tolerated without any seriously adverse drug reactions.

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This observational study was designed to assess the acceptability of oral antibiotics (including generics) commonly prescribed to children by primary care physicians in France. It was given to 50 pediatricians and 50 GPs in private practice. For each patient, the physician and parents completed a questionnaire, and parents filled out a log for each drug intake.

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We compared the effects of nifedipine and diltiazem on the uptake of cefpodoxime proxetil (CP). The study was aimed at establishing the impact of increased mesenteric blood flow due to calcium channel blockers on passive transport. Twelve volunteers were given CP (200 mg) orally in a crossover design. The absorption, disposition, and elimination parameters of cefpodoxime were compared among the following three treatment groups: CP alone, CP following oral administration of diltiazem (60 mg), or CP following oral administration of nifedipine (20 mg). No statistically significant difference in pharmacokinetic parameters was observed between the three treatment groups.

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Analysis of the mean acceptability/ preference rating from 769 children demonstrated that the flavor of azithromycin was rated significantly higher than that of cefpodoxime (4.3 vs. 2.8), cefprozil (4.0 vs. 3.4) and clarithromycin (4.3 vs. 2.7) and was comparable to that of cefixime (4.0 vs. 4.2) and loracarbef (4.4 vs. 4.5). A greater percentage of children preferred the taste of azithromycin to that of cefpodoxime (90.0% vs. 5.2%), cefprozil (63.0% vs. 33.1%) and clarithromycin (89.0% vs. 11.0%). The taste of azithromycin was not preferred to that of cefixime (39.0% vs. 53.9%) or loracarbef (36% vs. 58.5%).

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Twelve patients with respiratory tract infections were treated with cefpodoxime proxetil (CS-807, CPDX-PR), a new cephem antibiotic. It was given orally at a dose of 200 mg 2 times a day for 4 approximately 15 days. Its clinical effects were evaluated as excellent in 1 case, good in 9 cases and poor in 2 cases. The efficacy rate was 83.3%. Its bacteriological effects were evaluated as eradication in 5 strains and decrement in 1 strain. The eradication rate was 83.3%. No adverse reactions and disorder of laboratory findings due to CPDX-PR were observed.

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The levels of degradation of cefetamet pivoxil (CAT), cefuroxime axetil (CAE), and cefpodoxime proxetil (CPD) in 0.6 M phosphate buffer (pH 7.4) and human intestinal juice (pH 7.4) at 37 degreesC over 24 h were compared. Significant differences in the time courses of degradation and in the patterns of degradation products were observed. (i) The relative proportions of the Delta2- and Delta3-cephalosporins were roughly reversed in the two incubation media. In phosphate buffer, the major degradation product was the Delta2-cephalosporin (CAT = 61%; CAE = 74%; CPD = 85%), while in intestinal juice it was the Delta3-cephalosporin (CAT = 86%; CAE = 75%; CPD = 87%). (ii) Generally, the degradation of the prodrug esters progressed faster in intestinal juice than in phosphate buffer (e.g., for CAT the half-lives [t1/2s] were 0.78 and 4.3 h, respectively). (iii) The two diastereoisomers of CAE and CPD were degraded at different rates in intestinal juice (for the CAE diasteroisomers, t1/2s = 0.37 and 0.93 h; for the CPD diastereoisomers, t1/2s = 0.18 and 0.98 h) but were degraded at similar rates in phosphate buffer (for the CAE diastereoisomers, t1/2 = 1.6 h; for the CPD t1/2 diastereoisomers, = 2.2 h). It is concluded that (i) the Delta2 isomerization does not significantly affect the bioavailability of prodrug esters since enzymatic hydrolysis in the intestinal fluid proceeds mainly to the active Delta3-cephalosporin and (ii) the high degree of stereoselectivity of the enzymatic ester hydrolysis should make it possible to increase the bioavailabilities of certain prodrug esters (CAE, CPD) by using the more stable diasterioisomer.

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The objective of this paper was to determine the effectiveness of combined steroid-antimicrobial therapy for otitis media with effusion (OME) of sufficient duration to justify tympanostomy tube insertion. A consecutive sample of 122 children with bilateral OME of at least three months duration, or unilateral OME of at least six months duration, despite treatment with one or more beta-lactamase stable antibiotics was studied. The treatment group received prednisolone plus a beta-lactamase stable antibiotic for 10 days, with responders receiving an additional six weeks of chemoprophylaxis. The control group received no medication. The child's caregiver decided which group the child should be in. Resolution of effusion in all affected ears occurred in 32 per cent of steroid-treated children and in 2 per cent of controls (p < 0.001) at three to four weeks post-therapy. Relapse of effusion occurred in over 40 per cent of initial responders within six months, reducing the final resolution rate to 25 per cent (95 per cent CI: 15-36 per cent). It was concluded that treatment with oral steroids should be considered in selected children with chronic OME prior to surgical intervention. One in every four children whose caregiver consents to this therapy may avoid or postpone surgery for at least six months.

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vantin and alcohol 2015-01-11

U-76,253A (R-3746), the active metabolite of the new cephalosporin ester, U-76,252 (CS-807), was tested against 4,742 fresh clinical isolates from four large medical centers. U-76,253A was very active against nearly all species of Enterobacteriaceae (87.7% inhibited at less than or equal to 4.0 micrograms/ml). buy vantin online Staphylococcus spp., and the streptococci. The U-76,253A spectrum was superior to the comparison orally administered cephalosporins (cephalexin, cephradine, cefaclor). Pseudomonas spp., Acinetobacter spp., and the enterococci were resistant to U-76,253A and the other tested drugs. Broth microdilution MIC quality control (QC) limits were established for U-76,253A in a multilaboratory investigation using a minimum of 125 MIC determinations per organism. The following MIC QC ranges were recommended; Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922) = 0.25-1.0 micrograms/ml, Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 29213) = 2.0-4.0 micrograms/ml and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 27853) = greater than 32 micrograms/ml.

vantin max dose 2016-01-27

Outpatient. buy vantin online

vantin medication 2015-11-30

Application of the HPLC hyphenated techniques of LC-MS, LC-NMR and solvent buy vantin online -elimination LC-IR was demonstrated by the identification of the degradation products of a third generation cephalosporin antibiotic, cefpodoxime proxetil, in solid state, drug formulation and solution. Molecular weight and fragment information were obtained by LC-MS, and detailed structural information was confirmed by LC-NMR. Information on the carboxyl functional group obtained by solvent-elimination LC-IR was useful for confirmation of the ester hydrolysis. The degradation products were successfully identified without complicated isolation or purification processes.

vantin renal dose 2015-03-04

Although fluoroquinolones remain the most reliable urinary antimicrobial, resistance rates have increased and effective fluoroquinolone-sparing antimicrobials buy vantin online are needed.

vantin tabs 200mg 2015-08-17

The clinical usefulness of cefpodoxime proxetil (CPDX-PR) was investigated in the treatment of pneumonia and chronic airway infections occurring in patients buy vantin online first visiting our outpatient clinic or those being treated at the outpatient clinic. CPDX-PR was orally administered twice a day after meals at a dose of 100-200 mg for acute respiratory tract infections and at a dose of 200 mg for chronic respiratory tract infections. Excellent, good, fair, and poor responses were observed in 20, 33, 10, and 3 of 66 patients (4 with acute bronchitis, 27 with pneumonia, and 35 with acute exacerbation of chronic airway infection), respectively, demonstrating an 80.3% efficacy rate (53/66). Causative organisms, including Streptococcus pneumoniae, were all eradicated from the patients whose causative organisms were examined over time, although 2 of the patients were superinfected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. There were no serious adverse reactions or abnormal changes in laboratory test results. It was concluded that CPDX-PR could be used as a first-choice drug for the treatment of respiratory tract infections at an outpatient clinic, and that this drug should acquire greater importance in particular consideration of recent increases in infections with S. pneumoniae.

vantin 200mg tab 2016-06-12

In this study, a 5-day course of cefpodoxime-proxetil at 200 mg bid was as clinically effective as amoxicillin-clavulanic acid 1 buy vantin online g/125 mg bid for 8 days with a significantly better safety profile and compliance.

vantin drug interactions 2017-08-21

Clinical evaluations were performed before treatment (study day 1), at an interim visit (study day 3 through 6), at the end of therapy (study day 12 through 15), and at final follow-up (study day 25 through 38). Microbiologic evaluations were performed at enrollment and whenever appropriate thereafter. buy vantin online

vantin syrup 2015-09-21

Absolute bioavailability of cefpodoxime proxetil is both limited by its low solubility in aqueous solution and its intraluminal hydrolysis. The oil-in-water submicron emulsion was proven to be effective in protecting the prodrug from the enzymatic attack in rabbit intestinal washings. The aim of the study was to perform a pharmacokinetic study in conscious rats to confirm o/w submicron superiority in comparison to other oral formulations (hydro-alcoholic solution, suspension and coarse emulsion). The pharmacokinetic study was performed in conscious rats implanted with permanent aortic catheters. A parenteral solution of cefpodoxime was injected via this catheter, and oral formulations were administered orally. The cefpodoxime plasma level was performed by a HPLC validated method. The pharmacokinetic parameters, t1/2, Cmax, tmax, AUC and absolute bioavailability (F) were determined with a non-compartmental analysis. The results show a significant increase of F for submicron emulsion (97.4%) between the other oral formulations. No significant buy vantin online difference of F was found between the other oral formulations, even with the coarse o/w emulsion. The o/w submicron emulsion made the enhancement of the absolute bioavailability of cefpodoxime proxetil possible. This benefit could be explained by the low droplet size of the submicron emulsion which improve the absorption process of the prodrug.

vantin drug 2015-08-07

Randomized, buy vantin online controlled studies were selected for evaluation; however, uncontrolled studies were included when data were limited for indications approved by the Food and Drug Administration.

vantin uti dosing 2017-11-08

BACKGROUND, OUTCOME AND METHODS: Observational study of the clinical efficacy and tolerance of the cefpodoxime proxetil preparation, Podomexef. The study was conducted from August 1996 to April 1997. A total of 549 practitioners participated, 2,734 patients were recruited, and the data of 2714 buy vantin online patients were analyzed.

vantin dose 2016-10-13

The pulmonary disposition of cefpodoxime was studied in 12 patients with pulmonary opacities after a single oral dose of 260 mg of cefpodoxime-proxetil, which is equivalent to 200 mg of cefpodoxime. Blood and lung tissue samples were collected during surgery, and bronchoalveolar lavage was carried out 3 h (group A) or 6 h buy vantin online (group B) after drug administration. Urea was used as an endogenous marker for measurement of the volume of epithelial lining fluid (ELF). Concentrations were measured by using a microbiological assay. The mean concentrations of cefpodoxime in plasma, ELF, and lung tissue were, respectively, 1.85 +/- 0.82 mg/liter, 0.22 +/- 0.13 mg/liter, and 0.89 +/- 0.80 mg/kg of body weight in group A and 1.40 +/- 1.25 mg/liter, 0.12 +/- 0.14 mg/liter, and 0.84 +/- 0.61 mg/kg in group B. Concentrations in lung parenchyma 6 h after dosing were at least equal to or above the MICs for 90% of the strains of most organisms commonly found in respiratory tract infections, whereas data for ELF suggest levels of drug insufficient to inhibit bacteria.

vantin medicine 2016-01-18

Dry syrup and tablet of newly developed cefpodoxime proxetil (CS-807, CPDX-PR) was investigated in the departments of pediatrics of 17 institutes and their related hospitals. 1. Pharmacokinetics of CPDX-PR in pediatrics were investigated. Peak blood levels of CPDX at dose levels of 3 mg/kg and 6 mg/kg were 2.24 +/- 0.21 and 4.68 +/- 0.54 micrograms/ml, respectively, in fasting and 1.65 +/- buy vantin online 0.07 and 3.71 +/- 0.41 micrograms/ml, respectively, after meal. Urinary recovery rates in 6 hours were 31.2 +/- 2.2% of dose in average. 2. Clinical efficacies of CPDX-PR on various infectious diseases were studied in 748 cases. Clinical efficacy rate in 499 cases with causative bacteria isolated was 94.6%: efficacy rates for individual infections were 96.8% (120/124) for tonsillitis, 96.0% (96/100) for urinary tract infection, 93.5% (58/62) for pneumonia, 92.4% (61/66) for impetigo, 100% (32/32) for scarler fever and 93.2% for pharyngitis or laryngitis. Bacteriological eradication rate for Gram-positive organisms was 91.0% (244/268); and for Gram-negative organisms, 89.7% (210/234). The clinical efficacy rate for cases which were non-responsive to previous antibiotic therapy was 88.1% (74/84). 3. Side effects and clinical laboratory findings were investigated in 779 cases. Two each of vomiting, loose stool and rash, 10 of diarrhea and 1 of diarrhea associated with candidiasis were reported, but no serious side effects were noted. There was no serious laboratory test abnormality except slight elevations of eosinophile, platelet, transaminase or prolongation of prothrombin time, totalling 34 occurrences.

vantin 500 mg 2016-03-20

In children, acute bacterial rhinosinusitis is a common infection and although rare, carries a potential for serious, life threatening complications. Bacterial rhinosinusitis usually follows a viral infection or allergic rhinitis. Early, effective antibacterial therapy is essential to shorten the duration of infection and illness, to diminish mucosal damage, and to prevent contiguous infectious involvement of the orbit or central nervous system. Because the signs and symptoms of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis are similar to those of viral upper respiratory tract infection, establishing an accurate diagnosis in children poses a clinical challenge. Infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae accounts for 30-66% of episodes of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis in children. Other important pathogens include Haemophilus influenzae (20-30%) and Moraxella catarrhalis (12-28%). In selecting initial antimicrobial therapy, priority should be given to drugs with activity against S. pneumoniae. The oral agents that currently offer the greatest activity against this pathogen include amoxicillin, amoxicillin-clavulanate, cefdinir, cefpodoxime proxetil, and cefuroxime axetil; all are considered appropriate for the initial treatment of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis in children. Amoxicillin is customarily used as first-line therapy for uncomplicated acute bacterial rhinosinusitis. For patients who are allergic to amoxicillin, second- or third-generation oral cephalosporins may be used as first-line therapy. Clarithromycin has been suggested as an alternative to amoxicillin or cephalosporins in beta-lactam allergic patients. Clindamycin may also be indicated as first buy vantin online -line treatment in patients who have culture-proven penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae. If no clinical response occurs within 72 hours, the choice of a second-line antibiotic is governed by the drug's known antimicrobial efficacy, resistance patterns, dosing schedules, the potential for compliance, and knowledge of the patient's drug allergies. High-dose amoxicillin-clavulanate (90 mg/kg/d of the amoxicillin component) has been recommended for high-risk children (e.g. those in day care, and those who have recently received antibiotics) who show no improvement after treatment with the usual dose of amoxicillin (45 mg/kg/d). Broad-spectrum, third-generation oral cephalosporins, such as cefdinir, should be considered as second-line agents when standard therapy has failed or when patients show hypersensitivity to penicillin. Intramuscular ceftriaxone may be appropriate for patients who fail on a second course of antibiotic treatment.

vantin dose information 2015-10-11

This study aims to prove the complexation of cefpodoxime proxetil (CP) by hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD) in the presence of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (Na CMC), and makes a comparison of commercial tablets by dissolution and antimicrobial activity studies. The CP--HP-β-CD complex was prepared by kneading method and characterized by SEM, FTIR and DSC. The solubility method was used to investigate the effect of HP-β-CD and Na CMC on the solubility of CP. The complex tablets were prepared using direct compression method. Dissolution studies were performed with complex tablets and commercial tablets in pH 1.2, 4.5, 6. Glucophage Maximum Dose 8 and 7.4 buffer solutions. It was observed that complexation occurred in all formulations, and HP-β-CD is able to increase CP solubility and dissolution rate of CP was improved from complex tablets, when compared with commercial tablets. Furthermore, the antimicrobial activity studies revealed that the CP--HP-β-CD complex and complex tablets were shown to have more effective antimicrobial activity than commercial tablets. It is evident from the results that complexation with HP-β-CD in the presence of Na CMC is feasible way to prepare a more efficient tablet formulation with improved dissolution and antimicrobial activity.

vantin 400 mg 2017-06-19

Nineteen of the 207 patients enrolled developed postoperative infections diagnosed by our simple criteria for postoperative infection. The frequency of febrile morbidity was not significantly less in patients who received CTM (9 cases; 8.6%) as compared with those in the CPDX- Celebrex Drug PR group (10 cases; 9.8%) (p = 0.56).

vantin dosing uti 2017-05-25

997 strains isolated from clinical specimens arrived at the "Pio Albergo Trivulzio" microbiology laboratory were tested using disks of cefpodoxime, amoxicillin + clavulanic acid, cefaclor, cefuroxime, ofloxacin, cotrimoxazole, ceftriaxone and cefalexin. Gram-positive strains were tested also with erythromycin, while gram-negative bacteria were tested against aztreonam. Cefpodoxime overall activity was well above the effectiveness of the other oral cephalosporins and on the same order as ceftriaxone and ofloxacin. Cefpodoxime proved Mestinon 60 Mg to be also more active than the combination amoxicillin-clavulanic acid.

vantin reviews 2015-08-27

A prospective study was conducted, with a sample size of 276 Bactrim 10 Pills patients, who visited the ENT OPD and IPD over a period of 4 months.

vantin generic 2015-07-03

Cefpodoxime is an oral third-generation cephalosporin used for the treatment of acute upper-respiratory tract infections caused by Lexapro Patient Reviews susceptible bacteria in children. Although not indicated for the treatment of bacterial meningitis, it is used to treat other infections produced by organisms associated with meningitis and may obscure the result of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cultures in children who develop meningitis while receiving oral antibiotics if sufficient concentrations are achieved in the CSF. This study evaluated the disposition of cefpodoxime and penetration into CSF in piglets. Fifteen Landacre-Camborough cross piglets (10-20 days old) received cefpodoxime proxetil oral suspension (10 mg/kg). Repeated plasma and CSF samples were collected over 24 hours for quantitation of cefpodoxime by HPLC. Pharmacokinetic analysis was performed on both plasma and CSF data. The plasma concentration versus time data for cefpodoxime were best characterized using a one-compartment model with first-order absorption. The mean (+/- SD) pharmacokinetic parameters for Cmax, tmax, and AUC0-infinity were 23.3 +/- 12.9 mg/L, 3.9 +/- 1.4 h, and 237 +/- 129 mg/L.h, respectively. CSF/plasma ratios for AUC0-infinity demonstrated a mean cefpodoxime penetration of approximately 5%. CSF penetration of cefpodoxime was evident following a single oral dose of cefpodoxime proxetil suspension. Despite the small percentage of total cefpodoxime dose distributing into the CSF, the resultant concentrations approached or exceeded the MIC90 for many bacterial pathogens considered susceptible to cefpodoxime. Accordingly, clinicians should use caution in the interpretation of CSF cultures in patients who develop clinical signs and symptoms consistent with meningitis and who have been previously treated with cefpodoxime.

cost of vantin 2017-05-13

Ceftriaxone-related haemolysis resulted in the death of one of our patients (patient 2), and caused acute renal failure in the other (patient 1). The DATwas strongly positive Tricor 134 Mg for anti-C3d and anti-IgG in one case (patient 2), and for anti-C3d alone in the other (patient 1). The serum of patient 1 reacted with red blood cells only in the presence of ex vivo antigens, while that of patient 2 reacted positively to native ceftriaxone and its ex vivo antigen. In the latter patient, the antibodies appeared to cross-react with native cefotaxime whereas, in the first patient, they weakly cross-reacted only with the ex vivo antigens of cefotaxime and cefpodoxime proxetil.

buy vantin 2017-10-30

To conduct a meta-analysis of randomized Periactin 4mg Reviews controlled trials of antibiotic treatment of acute otitis media in children to determine whether outcomes were comparable in children treated with antibiotics for less than 7 days or at least 7 days or more.

vantin generic name 2017-10-04

As the post-marketing Tegretol Anxiety Reviews surveillance of cefpodoxime proxetil (Banan), MICs of cefpodoxime (CPDX, an active form of Banan) against 1090 clinical isolates of 22 species from 15 medical institutions all over Japan from June 2000 to March 2001 were measured using the broth microdilution method approved by the Japanese Society of Chemotherapy and compared with those of oral cephem antibacterials, cefaclor, cefdinir, cefditoren, and cefcapene. In this study, remarkable change in the activity of CPDX was observed in Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae compared with the susceptibility in the studies before Banan was launched. This cause is considered to be the increase in the incidence of the following resistant strains: penicillin-intermediate S. pneumoniae (47.3%), penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae (PRSP, 15.1%), and beta-lactamase-negative ampicillin-resistant (BLNAR) H. influenzae (24.0%), which were scarcely isolated in 1989 when Banan was launched. Other tested drugs also exhibited low activity against these resistant strains. However, CPDX showed comparatively good activity with MIC90 of 2 micrograms/mL against PRSP. Against methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus spp., Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus agalactiae, and Moraxella catarrhalis, CPDX also showed comparatively good activity with MIC90 of < or = 4 micrograms/mL, which was almost equal to that in the studies before its marketing. Against quinolones-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae, CPDX showed excellent activity with MIC90 of 0.5 microgram/mL. Against members of the family Enterobacteriaceae except for Citrobacter freundii, Enterobacter spp., Proteus vulgaris, and Morganella morganii, CPDX showed good activity. However, in Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp. Proteus spp., and Providencia spp., there are some high-resistant strains to all tested drugs including CPDX. Against Peptostreptococcus spp., MIC90 of CPDX was 8 micrograms/mL and its MIC range was widely distributed from 0.03 to 32 micrograms/mL, which were similar to those in the studies before its marketing. In this study, CPDX showed the decrease in the activity against several species as did other drugs tested, but against most of species tested, CPDX maintained good activity. Furthermore, it is necessary to pay much attention to the trend of resistant strains.

vantin oral suspension 2016-12-15

Antibiotics were prescribed in 12,471 (85.1%) of cases of AOM during the study Accutane Low Dosage period. Amoxicillin prescriptions was multiplied by 25, between the first year (2.6%) and the last year (66.1%). Conversely, prescriptions of cefpodoxime proxetil and amoxicillin-clavulanic acid decreased from 33.6% and 62.0% in the first year to 5.2% and 27.7% in the last year, respectively. This trend was observed in both private practices and in the pediatric emergency departments.

vantin drug class 2015-01-14

Two controlled United States trials compared the safety and efficacy of cefpodoxime proxetil (100mg twice daily) with either cefaclor (250mg 3 times daily) or amoxicillin (250mg 3 times daily) in patients with uncomplicated urinary tract infections. Treatment duration was 7 days. 307 of 762 patients treated with cefpodoxime proxetil, 99 of 190 treated with cefaclor, and 57 of 185 treated with amoxicillin were evaluable for efficacy. 311, 99 and 59 pathogens were isolated from cefpodoxime proxetil, cefaclor and amoxicillin patients, respectively, the most common pathogens being Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp., Proteus mirabilis, and Staphylococcus saprophyticus. Bacteriological cure rates were 80% (247/307), 82% (81/99) and 70% (40/57) for cefpodoxime proxetil, cefaclor and amoxicillin, respectively. Respective clinical cure rates were 79% (242/307), 79% (78/99) and 72% (41/57). Cefpodoxime proxetil was well tolerated, and there was no significant difference between the groups in the overall incidence of adverse experiences. Thus, cefpodoxime proxetil is efficacious and safe in the treatment of patients with uncomplicated urinary tract infections and compares favourably with cefaclor and amoxicillin.

vantin dosage 2016-08-11

The care strategy of pharyngitis has been changed dramatically these last years. Because of evolution of antibiotic resistance, the attitude which prevailed of the systematic treatment of pharyngitis in order to prevent a hypothetical acute rheumatic fever, could not persist. Discrimination between pharyngitis due to group A streptococcus (GAS) and nonstreptococcal pharyngitis (usually of viral causes) cannot be made in a reliable way by the clinical signs and symptoms, even if clinical scores are used. The free availability to practitioners of GAS rapid diagnostic tests, sensitive (>90%) and specific (>95%), changes the rule by simplifying it: pharyngitis with positive test must be treated with antibiotics, those with negative test should not be received such treatment. A reduction of two thirds of antibiotics consumption for pharyngitis can be expected, while maintaining the benefit (improvement of the clinical signs, reduction of contagiousness and the complications) for the patients for whom it is necessary. Because of GAS resistance to macrolides and the absence of resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics, a compound belonging of this last family should be prescribed and for a short treatment duration: amoxicillin (50 mg/kg/j, b.i.d for 6 days), cefpodoxime proxetil (8 mg/kg/j b.i.d for 5 days), cefuroxime axetil (30 mg/kg/j b.i.d for 4 days).

vantin antibiotic dosage 2016-11-15

Cefpodoxime proxetil (U-76,252; CS-807) is a new esterified oral cephem antibiotic with a broad antibacterial spectrum. Since data regarding the activity of cefpodoxime against Branhamella catarrhalis are limited, we tested its activity against 200 B. catarrhalis isolates. The drug was highly active against beta-lactamase-negative and -positive isolates; 99% of all strains tested showed a cefpodoxime proxetil MIC of less than or equal to 2.0 micrograms/ml.

vantin tab 2015-06-29

Acute lower respiratory tract infections in children are a worldwide public health problem, with an estimated 4 million potentially preventable deaths every year. Until recently, penicillin and related drugs were the treatment of choice for empiric therapy of paediatric lower respiratory tract infections. However, concerns over the emergence of penicillin-resistant strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae and beta-lactamase-producing strains of Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis have led physicians to turn increasingly towards alternatives, such as the third generation cephalosporins. The oral extended spectrum cephalosporin cefpodoxime proxetil is highly active against the bacterial pathogens commonly associated with childhood lower respiratory tract infections. In order to evaluate its clinical efficacy in children with acute febrile lower respiratory tract infections, an international, multicenter, comparative, randomized open study was conducted in children ages 3 months to 11.5 years. Of 348 cases enrolled, 234 were randomized to cefpodoxime proxetil (8 mg/kg/day twice daily) and 114 to amoxicilin/clavanulate (amoxicillin 40 mg/kg/day 3 times a day). The duration of treatment was 10 days. Pretreatment diagnosis was pneumonia in 292 patients, bronchiolitis in 19 patients and acute bronchitis in 37 patients. Pathogens isolated from 59 cases included H. influenzae (47.5%), S. pneumoniae (23.7%), M. catarrhalis (11.9%) and Haemophilus parainfluenzae (6.8%). Clinical efficacy was evaluable in 278 children at the end of treatment when 95.2% of patients in the cefpodoxime proxetil group and 96.7% of patients in the amoxicillin/clavanulate group showed a satisfactory clinical response (cured or improved). The improvement was sustained at the follow-up visit, 10 to 20 days after completion of treatment.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

vantin renal dosing 2017-11-02

twenty patients were selected, based on clinical assessment, to be converted from intravenous ceftriaxone to oral cefpodoxime proxetil. Twenty other comparable patients who would have been appropriate for step-down therapy, did not receive pharmacy intervention and were used as a control group.

vantin antibiotic medication 2017-09-30

These findings suggest that cefpodoxime proxetil administered once daily is as effective and safe as cefixime given once daily in the treatment of acute suppurative otitis media in pediatric patients.