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Topamax (Topiramate)

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Generic Topamax is a medication of high quality, which is taken in treatment of seizures in people with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and epilepsy. It can also be used to prevent migraine and infantile spasms. Generic Topamax is acting by reducing brain agitation.

Other names for this medication:

Similar Products:
Neurontin, Depakote, Lamictal, Tegretol


Also known as:  Topiramate.


Generic Topamax target is the treatment of seizures in people with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and epilepsy. It can also be used to prevent migraine and infantile spasms.

Generic Topamax is acting by reducing brain agitation. It is anticonvulsant.

Topamax is also known as Topiramate, Topaz.

Generic name of Generic Topamax is Topiramate.

Brand name of Generic Topamax is Topamax.


Take it orally at the same time every day, with or without food.

Generic Topamax can be taken twice a day (in the morning and in the evening).

Avoid low-carbohydrate and high-fat diet.

Elderly people should be very careful with Generic Topamax.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Generic Topamax suddenly.


If you overdose Generic Topamax and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Symptoms of Generic Topamax overdosage: feeling drowsy, problems with a speech, blurred vision, double vision, fatigue, lack of coordination, lack of consciousness, lightheadedness, pain of stomach, dyspepsia, vomiting, extreme hunger, agitation, depression, dyspnoea, confusion, decreased appetite, weakness of muscle, pain of bone, convulsion, coma.


Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Keep container tightly closed. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of reach of children in a container that small children cannot open.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Topamax are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Do not take Generic Topamax if you are allergic to Generic Topamax components.

Do not take Generic Topamax if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding.

Be careful if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement.

Be careful if you are taking ipratropium (such as Atrovent); motion sickness, irritable bowel disease, mental illness, urinary problems, Parkinson's disease, ulcers medicines; oral contraceptives; methazolamide; seizures medicines (carbamazepine (such as Tegretol), phenytoin (such as Phenytek, Dilantin); metformin (such as Glucophage); iron; salicylate pain relievers (such as choline salicylate (such as Arthropan), aspirin, choline magnesium trisalicylate (such as Trisalate), diflunisal (such as Dolobid), magnesium salicylate (such as Doan's); dichlorphenamide (such as Daranide); digoxin (such as Digitek, Lanoxin); zonisamide (such as Zonegran); tranquilizers; acetazolamide (such as Diamox); valproic acid (such as Depakote, Depakene); cholestyramine (such as Questran); sedatives; antidepressants; isoniazid (such as Nydrazid, INH); antihistamines, salsalate (such as Salgesic, Argesic, Disalcid), sleeping pills.

Be careful if you have lung, kidney or liver disease, diabetes, glaucoma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, nearsightedness, diarrhea, metabolic acidosis, kidney stones.

Avoid low-carbohydrate and high-fat diet.

Avoid being dehydrated.

Elderly people should be very careful with Generic Topamax.

Be careful with Generic Topamax if you are going to have a surgery (dental or other).

If you experience drowsiness and dizziness while taking Generic Topamax you should avoid any activities such as driving or operating machinery.

To prevent pregnancy, use an extra form of birth control because hormonal birth control pills may not work as well while you are using Generic Topamax.

Avoid alcohol while taking Generic Topamax.

It can be dangerous to stop Generic Topamax taking suddenly.

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C57BL/6J male mice were offered a 10% v/v ethanol solution versus tap water over 4 consecutive days per week. Mice were assigned to topiramate (1-50 mg/kg) or saline groups and received injections before the beginning of the dark phase of the light cycle. Topiramate dose increased over 5 successive weeks (1, 5, 10, 25, and 50 mg/kg). Fluid intake was measured 2, 4, and 23 hr after injection. Body weight and food intake were measured at the time of injection. In a second phase, mice were offered saccharin solutions (0.2 and 2.5% w/v) versus tap water after topiramate (50 mg/kg) or saline injections.

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Elderly patients with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition diagnosis of Alzheimer disease and significant behavioral disturbances were randomized to receive, for a period of 8 weeks, a flexible dose of either topiramate (25-50 mg/d) or risperidone (0.5-2 mg/d). Outcome measures were the Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory, Neuropsychiatry Inventory parts 1 and 2, and the Clinical Global Impression.

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The necessity of analysis of the cost of treatment of patients with epilepsy becomes of primary importance in Poland as a consequence of recent economic transformations affecting the efficiency of health service. The reasons are: high number of patients with epilepsy (approaching 400,000 in a population of about 40 mln) and long time course of illness, taking into account steady, gradual rise of the cost of treatment, even if we accept greater efficiency of the new antiepileptic drugs. However, the analysis of questionnaires provided by patients with epilepsy indicates that optimation of their treatment with introduction of new antiepileptic drugs may be a procedure leading to diminution of the global expenses associated with care of epileptic patients. Identification of factors influencing cost of antiepileptic treatment before and after introduction of new antiepileptic drugs. A group of 150 people chosen at random from a population of persons taking new antiepileptic drugs (vigabatrin, lamotrygin, topiramate, gabapentin, tiagabine) received anonymous questionnaires concerning the time course of their illness. 80 questionnaires were returned. The questions concerned the situation before and after treatment. Statistical analysis included t test for dependent samples-including items such as: number of epileptic seizures and number and days of hospitalization, etc. per year of observation. Significant decrease of the number of epileptic seizures (p < 0.05), number of hospitalizations (p < 0.001), days of hospitalizations (p < 0.001) and neurological consultations (p < 0.001) occurred after optimalization of treatment. Results of our research illustrate significant reduction of direct costs of treatment associated with introduction of new antiepileptic drugs.

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A total of 76 adult subjects with a diagnosis of migraine were screened for the study. During a 1-month baseline period, subjects demonstrated through a daily diary that they predicted at least 50% of migraine attacks during the premonitory phase and treated with their usual medication. Of these, 55 were randomized to either Group A (daily topiramate) or Group B (frovatriptan during premonitory symptoms); 44 completed the study. The treatment period lasted 2 months. The subjects answered the Migraine-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire at randomization, and at Weeks 4 and 8. The revised Patient Perception of Migraine Questionnaire was answered 24 hours after taking frovatriptan (Group A, for break-through headaches; Group B, treatment during premonitory symptoms).

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We sequenced all exons and intron-exon boundaries of SCN1A in our cohort, investigated differences in the distribution of truncating and missense variants, tested for associations between variant type and phenotype, and compared these patterns with those of cohorts with milder epilepsy and healthy individuals.

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The present study was designed to reveal changes of cognitive processes in epilepsy (EP) patients with Topiramate (TPM) or Valproate (VPA) treatment using Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-CR) and event-related potential (ERP). Thirty untreated epilepsy patients were randomly divided into two groups receiving TPM or VPA, respectively. Fifteen healthy volunteers were included as controls. All the patients were examined by WAIS-CR and ERP before and 3 months after drug treatment. Controls were examined by ERP at the time recruited into the study and 3 months later. Unfamiliar grey-scale photographs of faces (front view) were used as stimuli. ERP were recorded at the same time. Mean Intelligence Quotient (IQ) in TPM group decreased after the 3-month treatment (90.40 vs. 81.00, P<0.05). One component of ERP-P300 was smaller in epilepsy patients than controls (P<0.05), but remained unchanged after TPM or VPA treatment (P>0.05). A delayed and smaller N270 was detected in patients compared to controls (P<0.05). After 3 months TPM treatment, it decreased further compared to before treatment (P<0.05). N170 was lower in patient groups, and it became lower after TPM treatment than before. Our results demonstrate that in all epilepsy patients with mild cognitive impairment ERP changes were found. TPM affected the cognitive functions in epilepsy patients reflected by the decreased full-scale intelligence quotient (FIQ). The imperative effects of TPM on visual perception function reflected by N170 were more obvious than that of VPA. Attention reflected by N270 was impaired after TPM treatment.

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Emerging data indicate that age-related brain changes alter seizure susceptibility, seizure-associated neurodegeneration, and responsiveness to AEDs. The present study assessed long-term animal survival in the Kainic Acid (KA) model along with in-vivo spontaneous seizure frequency, cellular hyperexcitability in CA1 in-vitro and in-vivo in subiculum, and responsiveness of in-vitro CA1 hyperexcitability to topiramate. Sprague-Dawley male rats were given KA to induce convulsive status epilepticus (KA-SE) at 2-3 months of age. The one-month mortality after KA-SE was 27%. One-month survivor rats had 37% sudden unexplained late mortality after KA-SE as compared to none in saline controls during their second year of life. In-vivo seizure frequency was examined prior to terminal experiments. The diurnal average seizure frequency in the KA-SE group at age 2 years was 1.06 ± 0.24 seizures/hour while no seizures were observed in the saline age-matched controls (p<0.001). In-vitro recordings of CA1 pyramidal neurons revealed that depolarizing current injection from -60 mV evoked an increased number of action potentials in the aged KA-SE group compared to controls (p<0.002). Topiramate exhibited dose-dependent inhibition of action potential firing evoked by current injections into CA1 pyramidal neurons of KA-SE rats. In subiculum, KA-SE rats had frequent interictal spikes associated with high frequency oscillations while only rare spontaneous EPSPs were recorded in saline controls. Our experiments revealed that the hippocampal formation of aged epileptic rats shares features of hyperexcitability previously described in young adult epileptic rats using the KA model.

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Preventive treatment with topiramate significantly reduces the impact of migraine and the disability that results from it. Treatment is satisfactory and improves the quality of life in a large percentage of patients.

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Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) typically leads to substantial, long-term weight loss (WL) and diabetes remission, although there is a wide variation in response to RYGB among individual patients. Defining the pathways through which RYGB works should aid in the development of less invasive anti-obesity treatments, whereas identifying weight-regulatory pathways unengaged by RYGB could facilitate the development of therapies that complement the beneficial effects of surgery. Activation of serotonin 2C receptors (5-HT2CR) by serotonergic drugs causes WL in humans and animal models. 5-HT2CR are located on neurons that activate the melanocortin-4 receptors, which are essential for WL after RYGB. We therefore sought to determine whether 5-HT2CR signaling is also essential for metabolic effects of RYGB or whether it is a potentially complementary pathway, the activation of which could extend the benefits of RYGB. Diet-induced obese male mice deficient for the 5-HT2CR and their wild-type littermates underwent RYGB or sham operation. Both groups lost similar amounts of weight after RYGB, demonstrating that the improved metabolic phenotype after RYGB is 5-HT2CR independent. Consistent with this hypothesis, wild-type RYGB-treated mice lost additional weight after the administration of the serotonergic drugs fenfluramine and meta-chlorophenylpiperazine but not the nonserotonergic agent topiramate. The fact that RYGB does not depend on 5-HT2CR signaling suggests that there are important WL mechanisms not fully engaged by surgery that could potentially be harnessed for medical treatment. These results suggest a rational basis for designing medical-surgical combination therapies to optimize clinical outcomes by exploiting complementary physiological mechanisms of action.

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The present data from open trials suggest that topiramate may possibly possess antimanic properties. Controlled, double-blind studies are required to confirm this efficacy.

topamax alcohol treatment

The bulimia nervosa (BN) literature underscores the utility of antidepressants, particularly SSRIs, in improving the symptoms of the disorder. The literature on binge eating disorder supports efficacy on reduction in binge eating frequency for a variety of compounds. However, such compounds have only modest effects on weight. Certain antiepileptic agents such as topiramate, if tolerated, are probably more useful in terms of weight loss. The number of controlled trials in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) in particular has been quite small, and recent meta-analyses show disappointing results using atypical antipsychotics in AN.

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Time to treatment failure (withdrawal of the randomised drug for reasons of unacceptable adverse events or inadequate seizure control or a combination of the two) and time to achieve a 12-month remission of seizures. Time from randomisation to first seizure, 24-month remission of seizures, incidence of clinically important adverse events, quality of life (QoL) outcomes and health economic outcomes were also considered.

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Cholecalciferol applied ip at doses of 37.5-75μg/kg significantly raised the electroconvulsive threshold. Cholecalciferol, administered at the subthreshold dose of 18.75μg, potentiated the anticonvulsant activity of oxcarbazepine and lamotrigine, but did not change their brain concentrations, therefore the revealed interactions seem to be pharmacodynamic. Furthermore, the action of cholecalciferol was not dependent on its conversion to calcitriol. The anticonvulsant effect of topiramate was enhanced by cholecalciferol applied at the higher dose of 37.5μg/kg, at which it also increased the brain level of topiramate. As regards adverse effects, cholecalciferol, antiepileptic drugs, and their combinations did not significantly impair motor coordination or long-term memory in mice. Moreover, cholecalciferol did not show either anxiolytic or anxiogenic properties.

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The French Recommendations for Clinical Practice: Diagnosis and Therapy of Migraine are guidelines concerning the overall management of patients with migraine, including diagnostic and therapeutic strategies and assessment of disability.

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To provide a clinically-focused review of the biological treatment of treatment-resistant obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD).

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Low-dose topiramate is efficacious in migraine prophylaxis as compared to both placebo and lamotrigine. Lamotrigine in low doses might be beneficial for headache frequency; however, longer trials are required to establish its efficacy on the intensity and frequency of migraine.

topamax seizure medication

Topiramate, an anticonvulsant medication, is an efficacious treatment for alcohol dependence. To date, little is known about genetic moderators of side effects from topiramate. The objective of this study was to examine 3 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the glutamate receptor GluR5 gene (GRIK1) as predictors of topiramate-induced side effects in the context of a laboratory study of topiramate. Heavy drinkers (n=51, 19 women and 32 men), 75% of whom met criteria for an alcohol use disorder, completed a 5-week dose escalation schedule to a target dose of either 200 or 300 mg or matched placebo. The combined medication groups were compared with placebo-treated individuals for side effects at target dose. Analyses revealed that an SNP in intron 9 of the GRIK1 gene (rs2832407) was associated with the severity of topiramate-induced side effects and with serum levels of topiramate. Genes underlying glutamatergic neurotransmission, such as the GRIK1 gene, may help predict heterogeneity in topiramate-induced side effects. Future studies in larger samples are needed to more fully establish these preliminary findings.

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We reviewed all published literature in the English language regarding the use of antiepileptic drugs in patients with cancer.

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Fetal malformation rates had fallen over time in monotherapy pregnancies, but increased in polytherapy pregnancies, despite decreasing use and lower dosages of valproate. The rise in polytherapy malformation rates began around 2005 when levetiracetam and topiramate use began to increase. Excluding pregnancies involving valproate exposure, malformation rates were higher in the remaining polytherapy pregnancies as compared with the monotherapy ones (6.90% vs. 3.64%; odds ratio [OR] 1.96, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.14-3.39). Malformation rates were similar in polytherapy pregnancies whether or not levetiracetam was included (7.14% vs. 8.38%), but were higher in polytherapy pregnancies involving topiramate (14.94% vs. 6.55%: OR 2.507, 95% CI 1.23-5.10). Logistic regression showed that topiramate in polytherapy had a positive dose relationship with teratogenicity risk (p = 0.025).

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In a randomized controlled trial, we compared the efficacy of topiramate versus placebo in women undergoing olanzapine therapy and found that topiramate effectively contributed to weight loss in short-term treatment and had a positive effect on health-related quality of life, the patients' actual state of health, and psychological impairments. The aim of this observational study was to assess whether topiramate has a sustained benefit in long-term treatment of olanzapine-associated weight gain in subjects who had participated in the previous randomized controlled trial comparing topiramate with placebo. The subjects (topiramate group, n = 25; former placebo group, n = 18) were observed in an 18-month open-label study. After unblinding, subjects from the former topiramate group continued treatment with topiramate, whereas subjects from the former placebo group received neither placebo nor topiramate. The subjects were seen every 6 months, weighed, and tested with the SF-36 Health Survey, Scale of Well-Being, and the Adjective Checklist. According to the intent-to-treat principle, the repeated-measures analysis showed a significant interaction for the group-by-time effect for change of weight (P < 0.01) on the Scale of Well-Being (P < 0.01), all scales of the Adjective Checkist (all P < 0.01), and 5 scales (physical functioning, role limitations due to physical health, social functioning, mental health, and vitality) of the SF-36 Health Survey (all P < 0.01). Topiramate was well tolerated and seems to be effective and safe in the long-term treatment of olanzapine-related adiposity in women. Furthermore, positive changes in the patients' state of health, psychological impairments, and health-related quality of life could be also observed.

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To evaluate the efficacy and safety of topiramate as an add-on therapy in dogs with refractory idiopathic epilepsy.

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Several drugs good evidence supporting efficacy. There is weak evidence supporting amitriptyline's superiority over some drugs. Selection of prophylactic medication should be tailored according to patient preferences, characteristics and side effect profiles.

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topamax starting dose 2017-08-30

Topiramate is a newer anticonvulsant used to treat epilepsy, migraines, bipolar disorder, posttraumatic stress, and other conditions. Serum topiramate concentrations are measured to determine optimal levels, address therapeutic failure or drug-drug interactions, and assess compliance. Two high-throughput assays for serum topiramate measurement were compared: the Seradyn fluorescence polarization immunoassay (FPIA) on an Abbott TDx/FLx instrument and a new immunoassay from ARK Diagnostics performed on an Olympus AU680 automated analyzer. Precision, linearity, limit of quantitation, carryover, spike recovery, and endogenous interferences were found to be acceptable for the ARK assay. These studies were complemented by comparison of 120 patient samples analyzed using both methods. The ARK immunoassay performed comparably to FPIA with minimal difference in serum topiramate concentrations within the therapeutic range (2.0-20 microg/mL). A buy topamax online slight systematic discordance was observed at higher concentrations (greater than 30 microg/mL) with ARK immunoassay results being on average 6% higher than FPIA. Thus, the ARK immunoassay appears to provide acceptable analytical performance and comparability to FPIA; furthermore, the assay is compatible with high-throughput autoanalyzers.

topamax generic brands 2015-12-09

At this update, searching of electronic databases retrieved 56 studies. After deduplication and removal of conference abstracts, 31 records were screened for inclusion in the overview. Appraisal of titles and abstracts led to the exclusion of 18 studies and the further review of 13 full publications. Of the 13 full articles evaluated, two RCTs were added at buy topamax online this update. We performed a GRADE evaluation for 11 PICO combinations.

topamax xr dosage 2016-03-06

Antiepileptic drugs (AED) which are used to treat seizures in pregnant women, infants, and young children may cause cognitive impairment or other uncertain injury. However, the precise mechanisms responsible for the negative effects buy topamax online of new AEDs like lamotrigine (LTG) and topiramate (TPM) in the developing brain are still unclear.

topamax 40 mg 2015-09-28

Cross-sectional, retrospective study to evaluate clinical prevalence and cost of DRE in Spain. Every participant neurologist assessed the buy topamax online percentage of DRE among the first 40 patients with diagnosed epilepsy seen. Patients of both sexes, older than 18 years were recruited. Their treatment before and after DRE diagnosis was analyzed.

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6-month naturalistic, open-label trial to compare amisulpride versus topiramate and buy topamax online naltrexone as a treatment for patients with alcohol dependence, with assessments at enrolment and after 3 and 6 months of treatment.

topamax 20 mg 2017-12-14

Therapy of bipolar disorders is a rapidly evolving field. Lithium has efficacy in classic bipolar disorders whereas divalproex sodium and carbamazepine may have broader spectrum efficacy that includes non-classic bipolar disorder. In the last 10 years, a series of anticonvulsants have been buy topamax online approved for marketing in the United States. Gabapentin has indirect g-aminobuytric acid-ergic actions, is generally well tolerated, and appears to have anxiolytic, analgesic, and hypnotic effects. Lamotrigine has antiglutamatergic actions and is generally well tolerated (aside from rash in 1 in 10, and serious rash in 1 in 1,000 patients). Lamotrigine is indicated for maintenance treatment in bipolar disorder. Emerging evidence suggests lamotrigine may have utility in bipolar disorder patients with depression and treatment-refractory rapid cycling, as well as analgesic effects. Topiramate and zonisamide may allow both weight loss, while topiramate may have specific efficacy in bulimia, binge eating disorder, and alcohol dependence. Two small studies found oxcarbazepine had similar efficacy to lithium and haloperidol in acute mania. Phenytoin, an older anticonvulsant, may have adjunctive acute mania efficacy. Levetiracetam, a newer anticonvulsant, may be worth exploring and has minimal drug-drug interactions. None of these newer agents has been shown effective in a large placebo controlled trial for acute mania. Although the clinical profiles of these newer anticonvulsants do not appear to overlap markedly with divalproex and carbamazepine (except perhaps for oxcarbazepine), these novel agents may still offer important new options in relieving a variety of specific target symptoms in patients with bipolar disorder.

topamax 800 mg 2015-12-29

Exaggerated acoustic startle is a prominent symptom of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, its physiological basis is not well understood, and there are few available treatments. Neurobiological research has suggested that anti-kindling agents and/or glutamate antagonists can attenuate the acoustic startle response (ASR) in animal models. The anticonvulsant topiramate is an AMPA antagonist that also demonstrates potent anti-kindling buy topamax online effects and may, therefore, have promise in treating trauma-enhanced ASR.

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Current pharmacologic agents for essential tremor can be expected to provide partial benefit. buy topamax online However, agents for the symptomatic management of tardive dyskinesia are limited, and additional research is warranted in this area.

topamax normal dosage 2016-03-18

The zebrafish model is an attractive candidate for screening of developmental toxicity during early drug development. Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) arouse concern for the risk of teratogenicity, but the data are limited. In this study, we evaluated the teratogenic potential of seven AEDs (carbamazepine (CBZ), ethosuximide (ETX), valproic acid (VPN), lamotrigine buy topamax online (LMT), lacosamide (LCM), levetiracetam (LVT), and topiramate (TPM)) in the zebrafish model. Zebrafish embryos were exposed to AEDs from initiation of gastrula (5.25 hours post-fertilization (hpf)) to termination of hatching (72 hpf) which mimic the mammalian teratogenic experimental design. The lethality and teratogenic index (TI) of AEDs were determined and the TI values of each drug were compared with the US FDA human pregnancy categories. Zebrafish model was useful screening model for teratogenic potential of antiepilepsy drugs and was in concordance with in vivo mammalian data and human clinical data.

topamax 50mg tab 2015-05-28

After 3 months, the maintenance doses of topiramate ranged from 25 to 400 mg, though most patients took 100 mg. Twenty-four (21%) patients withdrew due buy topamax online to adverse events, mostly cognitive difficulties, that had already occurred with doses as low as 25-50 mg, while 26 (23%) found topiramate ineffective. The remaining 65 (56%) patients responded, 34 with excellent response. Sixteen patients (10 obese) lost weight (3-13 kg).

topamax topiramate medication 2015-04-03

The statistical analysis of results didn t show changes in motor tests, in sustained attention and buy topamax online in logical and visual memory. Deterioration of semantic verbal fluency, verbal learning, work memory and visuomotor skills was observed. Considering the effects of the dosage of topiramate and the total quantity of antiepileptic drugs, major commitment was observed in patients taking more than 400 mg/day.

topamax generic cost 2017-03-23

We report a buy topamax online patient who ingested a 2000-mg overdose of quetiapine fumarate (Seroquel). Her maintenance medications also included risperidone, venlafaxine, topiramate, and clonazepam. On presentation, she was drowsy, but had no other significant CNS signs and no cardiac symptoms or abnormal physical signs. Approximately 2 h after the quetiapine ingestion, an electrocardiogram (ECG) showed normal sinus rhythm at 95 beats/min with a corrected QT (QTc) interval of 537 ms (upper limit of normal = 440 ms). Plasma quetiapine concentration at that time was 1800 ng/ml. Continuous ECG monitoring for the subsequent 18 h did not reveal any episode of ventricular tachycardia. A 12-lead ECG 18 h post-overdose was normal with a QTc interval of 401 ms and the corresponding plasma quetiapine concentration was 160 ng/ml. She made an uneventful medical recovery from the toxic ingestion. This case suggests that when patients overdose on quetiapine while taking therapeutic doses of risperidone, such overdoses, even if not massive, can cause considerable QTc interval prolongation. We recommend that quetiapine overdose patients undergo continuous ECG monitoring for 12-18 h post-ingestion.

topamax alcohol 2015-12-17

The effect of carbamazepine, phenytoin, valproate, oxcarbazepine, lamotrigine and topiramate, that are among the most widely used antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), and of the new putative AED vinpocetine on the Ca(2+) channel-mediated release of [(3)H]Glu evoked by Buy Motilium Instants high K(+) in hippocampal isolated nerve endings was investigated. Results show that carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine and phenytoin reduced [(3)H]Glu release to high K(+) to about 30% and 55% at concentrations of 500 microM and 1500 microM, respectively; lamotrigine and topiramate to about 27% at 1500 microM; while valproate failed to modify it. Vinpocetine was the most potent and effective; 50 microM vinpocetine practically abolished the high K(+) evoked release of [(3)H]Glu. Comparison of the inhibition exerted by the AEDs on [(3)H]Glu release evoked by high K(+) with the inhibition exerted by the AEDs on [(3)H]Glu release evoked by the Na(+) channel opener, veratridine, shows that all the AEDs are in general more effective blockers of the presynaptic Na(+) than of the presynaptic Ca(2+) channel-mediated response. The high doses of AEDs required to control seizures are frequently accompanied by adverse secondary effects. Therefore, the higher potency and efficacy of vinpocetine to reduce the permeability of presynaptic ionic channels controlling the release of the most important excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain must be advantageous in the treatment of epilepsy.

topamax medication 2015-12-03

To assess the efficacy of topiramate in reducing both the frequency and the severity of vertigo and headache attacks in patients with migrainous vertigo and Bactrim Cost to compare 50 and 100 mg/day doses of the drug.

topamax 25mg reviews 2016-07-01

Topiramate has efficacy as an Seroquel 6 Mg add-on treatment in patients with drug resistant partial epilepsy. However, trials reviewed were of relatively short duration, and provide no evidence for the long term efficacy of topiramate. Results cannot be extrapolated to monotherapy or patients with other epilepsy types.

dosage topamax 2015-06-08

This study aims to see whether patients in a real-world setting Paracetamol Codeine Tablets taking topiramate for varied indications experience significant weight loss.

4 mg topamax 2016-04-07

Topiramate is effective as monotherapy in adults and children. Because a therapeutic effect emerges during titration, clinicians should adjust dosages in step-wise fashion with intermediate stopping points, e.g., 100 mg/day, to evaluate patient response and achieve the optimal Combivir Renal Dose maintenance dosage.

topamax diet pill 2017-08-19

The treatment of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome has been improved for some patients by the introduction of adjunctive therapy with newer anticonvulsants such as lamotrigine and topiramate and the availability of vagal nerve stimulation and the re-emergence of the use of the ketogenic diet in recent years. The place of standard anticonvulsants and the role of callosotomy needs to be re-evaluated in view of the new developments. Although recommendations for the treatment of patients with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome are difficult to make in the absence of direct head-on comparative trials, the following suggested treatment recommendations are based on the best evidence available. Medical treatment should start with valproic acid (sodium valproate) and be followed by adjunctive therapy with either lamotrigine or topiramate; clobazam can be added if necessary for better seizure control while trying to reduce the dose of the other anticonvulsants. If standard treatment does not achieve sufficient seizure control or proves to be intolerable, vagal nerve stimulation, ketogenic diet, felbamate, benzodiazepines such as clonazepam, and phenobarbital (phenobarbitone) are recommended as third-line choices. Further considerations include ethosuximide, methsuximide, corticotropin (adrenocorticotropic hormone) or corticosteroids, pyridoxine (vitamin B6) and vigabatrin. If adequate drug treatment and vagal nerve stimulation provide insufficient seizure control, partial callosotomy may be an option for the treatment of frequent, intractable and disabling drop attacks. These suggestions are based on the best evidence available and do not in any way exclude the use of other treatments if compelling individual risk- Zanaflex Tabs benefit considerations apply.

topamax 30 mg 2016-08-25

A 19 Levaquin Overdose Symptoms -year-old bipolar woman and her 46-year-old mother with paranoid personality disorder both used topiramate (25-50 mg/day) off-label for weight loss. Both women suffer from learning disorders, and both are excessively sensitive to the sedative adverse effects of psychotropic medications.

topamax 300 mg 2015-11-23

Sixty-five patients with more than eight seizures during an 8 Crestor Gone Generic -week baseline were randomized to three prespecified plasma levels (low, 6 micromol/L [2 mg/L]; medium, 31 micromol/L [10.5 mg/L]; and high, 56 micromol/L [19 mg/L]). Topiramate treatment was titrated to one of the prespecified plasma levels during an 8-week titration period, followed by a 12-week observation period.

topamax drug company 2015-12-06

Tobacco smoking is a widespread phenomenon, and nicotine is the addictive component of tobacco. Nicotine acts through nicotinic cholinergic receptors and has been associated with different types of psychophysical disorders in human beings. The present study had explored the proconvulsive action Viagra 300 Mg of nicotine and its effect on the antiseizure efficacy of topiramate against kainic acid (KA)-induced seizures in mice.

topamax generic name 2015-07-12

We report a case of peripheral pigmentary retinopathy and visual field loss following topiramate use for uncontrolled seizures. Such Vantin Drug Class side effects have not been well documented despite the increasing use of topiramate in the past 10 years. A thorough search of available English literature revealed only a small number of reports of topiramate-induced retinopathy or visual field defects in humans. One similar case has been described. We are concerned about the possible rare instances of this occurrence in future patients and hence would like to propose a presumed correlation.

topamax positive reviews 2016-12-10

A prospective open label add-on trial of TPM addition in patients with epilepsy was done. The events of baseline phase of 12 weeks followed by titration and maintenance phases were recorded. Assessment of the number Norvasc Mg of seizure and emergent adverse effects was done by a monthly visit for each case.

topamax medicine 2016-06-16

Weight loss drugs in development include compounds that act centrally (neuropeptide Y, AgRP and MCH1 receptors) to limit food intake or reduce the absorption of fat from the gastrointestinal tract (lipase inhibitors) or increase energy expenditure or reduce adipose tissue formation. Among the existing therapy, new combinations (topiramate plus phentermine, bupropion plus naltrexone) offer greater efficacy with reduced adverse effects Amoxil Suspension .