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Starlix (Nateglinide)

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Starlix is used for lowering blood sugar levels in patients with type 2 diabetes. It is used along with diet and exercise. It may also be used for other conditions.

Other names for this medication:

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Actulin, Glucophage, Gluconorm, Hipover, NovoNorm, Regan, Repaglinide, Rapilin, Prandin, Sestrine, Actos, Avandia, Amaryl, Glycomet, Micronase


Also known as:  Nateglinide.


Starlix is used for lowering blood sugar levels in patients with type 2 diabetes. It is used along with diet and exercise. It may also be used for other conditions.

Starlix is an antidiabetic agent. It works by lowering blood glucose levels, causing insulin to be released from beta cells of the pancreas.

Starlix is also known as Nateglinide, Fastic, Glinate, Glunat, Starsis, Trazec.


Take Starlix by mouth 1 to 30 minutes before meals. If you skip a meal, you must also skip your scheduled dose to avoid the risk of low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia).

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Starlix suddenly.


If you overdose Starlix and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.


Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Starlix are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Do not take Starlix if you are allergic to its components.

Be careful with Starlix if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother.

Do not take Starlix if you have type 1 diabetes.

Do not take Starlix if you have diabetic ketoacidosis.

Be careful with Starlix if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement.

Be careful with Starlix if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances.

Be careful with Starlix if you have adrenocortical, pituitary, liver, or kidney problems

Be careful with Starlix if you have a high fever or are malnourished.

Be careful with Starlix if you are taking beta-adrenergic blockers (eg, metoprolol), gemfibrozil, imidazoles (eg, ketoconazole), monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) (eg, phenelzine), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (eg, ibuprofen), or salicylates (eg, aspirin) because the risk of low blood sugar may be increased; corticosteroids (eg, prednisone), rifampin, sympathomimetics (eg, pseudoephedrine), thiazides (eg, hydrochlorothiazide), or thyroid hormones (eg, levothyroxine) because they may decrease Starlix 's effectiveness

Avoid alcohol.

Do not stop taking Starlix suddenly.

starlix reviews

Clinical trial participants in 40 countries.

starlix medicine

The ameliorating effect of α-GI on post-prandial hyperglycemia without stimulating insulin secretion may improve atherogenic dyslipidemia by reducing insulin resistance. These effects are associated with its beneficial impact on oxidative stress, consequently leading to an improvement in endothelial dysfunction.

starlix medication cost

In a general practice observation study 11,476 patients with type 2 diabetes pretreated with oral antidiabetic drugs, mainly metformin, received an oral combination therapy of nateglinide with metformin. Mean age+/-SD of the participants was 61+/-10.3 years, range 19 to 97 years, the body mass index (mean+/-SD) was 29.4+/-4.5 kg/m2, range 14.9 to 68.7 kg/m2. The observation period lasted 3 to 4 months (mean 96 days). During this period the mean HbA1c decreased from 8.4 % to 7.2%, displaying a positive relation between initial value and degree of reduction. Postprandial glucose levels dropped from a mean of 210 to 152 mg/dl. At the beginning of the study the combination of the two target values for glucose control, HbAc <7% and postprandial glucose <180 mg/dl, was reached in only 5.8% of the participants, at the end in 44.9%. During the therapy, weight and blood pressure dropped slightly. Adverse events were reported in only 2.9% of the patients and involved a broad range of symptoms with mild gastrointestinal complaints being predominant (1.3%). This study demonstrated that the combination of nateglinide with metformin can be considered as an effective and safe option for treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes, with additional beneficial effects on body weight and blood pressure.

starlix drug classification

Ipragliflozin (Suglat® [Japan]), an orally active, next-generation sodium-glucose transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, has been developed by Astellas Pharma and Kotobuki Pharmaceutical for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Ipragliflozin has received its first global approval in this indication in Japan, for use as monotherapy or in combination with another antihyperglycaemic agent (metformin, pioglitazone, a sulfonylurea, an α-glucosidase inhibitor, a dipeptidylpeptidase-4 inhibitor or nateglinide). Ipragliflozin is the first SGLT2 inhibitor to be approved in Japan. This article summarizes the milestones in the development of ipragliflozin leading to this first approval for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

starlix cost

Using historical clinical values to calculate diabetes risk reduces the accuracy of prediction. Diabetes risk calculations should be routinely updated to inform discussions about diabetes prevention at both the patient and population health levels.

starlix dosage

The investigators review the evidence of the potential role of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockers in delaying or preventing the onset and progression of diabetes mellitus (DM) and cardiovascular disease and the suggested mechanisms by which these agents exert their favorable metabolic and cardiovascular effects. Data from clinical trials suggest that RAS blockade not only reduces cardiovascular risk in patients with DM but also may prevent or delay DM onset in at-risk subjects. These observations set the stage for further studies evaluating the risk for developing DM as a primary end point: the Diabetes Reduction Approaches With Ramipril And Rosiglitazone Medications (DREAM) trial, in which ramipril significantly increased regression to normoglycemia (although it did not reduce the primary end point of new-onset DM or death), and the ongoing Nateglinide and Valsartan in Impaired Glucose Tolerance Outcomes Research (NAVIGATOR) trial, the only DM prevention trial also powered to evaluate whether a reduced risk for DM is associated with a reduction in cardiovascular disease events. In conclusion, overwhelming evidence suggests that the RAS plays an important role in the pathogenesis of DM and its associated cardiovascular risks.

starlix drug information

Our results demonstrate that the ring-fused pyrrole moiety in several A-site drugs likely underlies the observed inhibitory potency of these drugs on KATP channels containing the K23/A1369 risk haplotype. It may therefore be possible to tailor existing therapy or design novel drugs that display an increased efficacy in type 2 diabetes patients homozygous for these common KATP channel haplotypes.

starlix nateglinide generic

The S-form nateglinide is a new crystal form.

starlix medication

Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) on the drug therapy of type 2 diabetes with outcome measures including glycosylated haemoglobin or fasting blood glucose will be included. The quality of included RTCs will be evaluated according to the Cochrane Collaboration's risk of bias tool. Traditional pairwise meta-analysis and Bayesian network meta-analysis will be conducted to compare the efficacies of antidiabetic drugs. Sensitivity analysis on the sample size of RCTs, meta-regression analysis on the follow-up periods, dosages and baselines of outcome measure, contradiction analysis between pairwise and network meta-analyses, and publication bias analysis, will be performed.

starlix 120 mg

The median age of the 8,943 patients included in the present analysis of the NAVIGATOR trial was 63 years. Half of those patients were men, 6,922 (77.4%) had a history of hypertension, and 255 (2.9%) had heart failure. The median glycated hemoglobin was 6%. During the study, 613 of the 8,943 patients without AF at baseline presented with at least 1 episode of AF (6.9% 5-year incidence). Besides established predictors of incident AF, a 1 mmol/L increment of baseline fasting glucose, but not progression to diabetes, was found to be associated with a 33% increased risk of incident AF. Neither valsartan nor nateglinide affected AF incidence.

starlix generic

An analytical method based on isocratic reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatography was developed and validated for the separation and quantification of eight antidiabetic drugs: rosiglitazone, pioglitazone, glipizide, gliclazide, repaglinide, nateglinide, glibenclamide, and glimepiride for their application in human plasma assay. Metformin is used as internal standard. Analysis was done on Onyx monolithic C(18) column (100 × 4.6 mm, i.d., 5 μm) using a mixture of 0.05% formic acid in water and methanol in the ratio of 42 : 58 (v/v) fixed at a flow rate of 0.5 mL/min, and they were monitored at 234 nm. Separation was achieved in less than 20 min. The calibration curves were linear in the range of 50-2000 ng/mL. The method was validated for its recovery, intra- and interday precision, stability, specificity, and selectivity. Plasma samples were prepared using solid-phase extraction of analytes. Hence, the developed method was found to be suitable for the routine analysis of selected antidiabetic drugs in biological matrices.

starlix 30 mg

The aim of this study was to quantify the incidence of hypoglycaemic events and to describe the pattern of these incident events during the first 9 months of treatment with four oral antidiabetic drugs, rosiglitazone, pioglitazone, nateglinide and repaglinide, prescribed in general practice in England.

starlix drug class

Hereditarily diabetic Goto-Kakizaki rats were infused for 5 min with saline, containing as required nateglinide or mixed molecules (HD154 and HD166) with both a nateglinide moiety and a succinic acid ester moiety. The dose of these agents given intravenously amounted to 5.0 nmol/g body weight in all cases. All agents provoked a comparable early increase in plasma insulin concentration. However, HD154 and HD166, but not nateglinide itself, also caused a secondary rise in plasma insulin concentration 30 min after their infusion. It is proposed that mixed molecules formed of both a hypoglycemic sulfonylurea or meglitinide analog and a succinic acid ester may be better able than the antidiabetic agents themselves to evoke a sustained stimulation of insulin release in non-insulin-dependent diabetes.

starlix maximum dose

Insulin secretion (both overall and first phase) was significantly increased by nateglinide (P < 0.001), as were C-peptide (P < 0.001) and proinsulin (P < 0.001) secretion. Overall glucose concentrations following glucose challenge were lower after nateglinide than after placebo (P = 0.05).

starlix generic cost

Acute nateglinide administration improves postprandial glycaemia and fibrinolytic activity in patients with type 2 diabetes. This combined effect, if confirmed by a long-treatment study, might reduce cardiovascular risk in type 2 diabetes.

starlix brand name

Our findings suggest that D-pinitol, the natural, safe ligand, can be used in the treatment of diabetic retinopathy with few or no side effects after estimating and calculating proper doses using in vitro approaches.

starlix generic name

An open-label prospective cross-over trial was performed to compare the efficacy and safety of once daily low-dose gliclazide (20 mg/day) with that of nateglinide at the usual dosage (270 mg/day, 90 mg t.i.d.) in Japanese type 2 diabetics with relatively good glycemic control (HbA1c<7.0%). Eight patients received 20 mg/day of gliclazide and 16 received 270 mg/day of nateglinide. After at least 12 weeks of gliclazide or nateglinide therapy, the drugs were switched and treatment was continued for another 12 weeks. The final HbA1c value was modestly, but significantly, lower after gliclazide treatment than after nateglinide treatment (6.2% vs. 6.4%). However, symptoms related to hypoglycemia were significantly more common with gliclazide treatment than nateglinide treatment (7 vs. 0 cases), although there were no severe hypoglycemic events. While gliclazide acts as a free radical scavenger, there was no effect on parameters of oxidative stress such as malondialdehyde-modified low density lipoprotein and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances at the low dosage tested. In conclusion, both drugs are reasonable options for early type 2 diabetes. Compared with the regular dose of nateglinide, 20 mg/day of gliclazide achieved modestly better glycemic control with an increased frequency of hypoglycemia in diabetic patients with relatively good glycemic control.

starlix dosing

Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus are associated with insulin resistance and/or impaired insulin secretion. Previous observations indicate that Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes tend to have impaired insulin response after glycemic load more often than Caucasian counterparts. Recently it has been reported that hyperglycemia after glucose load is itself a risk factor for the development of cardiovascular complications in the absence of elevated fasting plasma glucose. Recent observations on the association of post-challenge or post-prandial hyperglycemia with cardiovascular events suggest that lowering post-prandial plasma glucose may protect patients from developing cardiovascular diseases. Results of STOP-NIDDM trial suggest that nateglinide, which attenuates post-prandial glycemic surge in type 2 diabetes, may also be helpful for the protection against cardiovascular events. Nateglinide exerts its effects shortly after its administration and the effects continue for only about 3 hours. The patients receiving this agent rarely gain weight and develop hypoglycemia. This agent exerts hypoglycemic effects additively with alpha-gulucosidase inhibitors or metformin.

starlix tablet

Fourteen patients underwent screening followed within 3 weeks by three treatment periods of 1 day, each separated by 7 days. Dosing followed a six-sequence balanced, two 3 x 3-replicated Latin square.

starlix 60 mg

Average costs of treating complications in theoretical patients undergoing metformin monotherapy were estimated at $29,565 per patient. Savings of $2,742 were estimated per patient for all complications--particularly, nephropathy ($1,166) and macrovascular disease ($632)--when nateglinide was added. The cost-effectiveness ratio of adding nateglinide to metformin was estimated at $27,131 per undiscounted life-year gained (95% CI, $23,710-$28,577) or $43,024 (95% CI, $37,285-$45,193) per additional discounted life-year gained. In the sensitivity analyses, decreasing HbA1c level at baseline, HbA1c upward drift, and duration of disease improved survival.

starlix tabs

Nateglinide is similar to repaglinide, but has a quicker onset of action, quicker reversal, and does not usually require dosage titration. Based on the pharmacodynamics of nateglinide and repaglinide, nateglinide produces a more rapid postprandial increase in insulin secretion, and its duration of response is shorter than that of repaglinide. The risk of postabsorptive hypoglycemia should be lower than with either sulfonylureas or repaglinide.

starlix drug

Repaglinide and nateglinide represent a new class of insulin secretagogues, structurally unrelated to sulphonylureas, that were developed for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. The inhibitory effect of these drugs was investigated on recombinant wild-type and mutant Kir6.2/SUR1 channels expressed in HEK293 cells. Nateglinide and repaglinide dose-dependently inhibited whole-cell Kir6.2/SUR1 currents with half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) values of 800 and 21 nmol/l, respectively. Mutation of serine 1237 in SUR1 to tyrosine (S1237Y) abolished tolbutamide and nateglinide block, suggesting that these drugs share a common point of interaction on the SUR1 subunit of the ATP-sensitive K(+) channel. In contrast, repaglinide inhibition was unaffected by the S1237Y mutation (IC(50) = 23 nmol/l). Radioligand binding studies revealed a single high-affinity binding site for [(3)H]repaglinide on membranes prepared from HEK293 cells expressing wild-type (equilibrium dissociation constant [K(D)] = 0.40 nmol/l) or mutant (K(D) = 0.31 nmol/l) Kir6.2/SUR1 channels. Nateglinide and tolbutamide displaced [(3)H]repaglinide binding to wild-type channels with IC(50) values of 0.7 and 26 micro mol/l, respectively, but produced <10% displacement of [(3)H]repaglinide bound to mutant channels. This is consistent with the idea that binding of nateglinide and tolbutamide, but not repaglinide, is abolished by the SUR1[S1237Y] mutation and that the binding site for repaglinide is not identical to that of nateglinde/tolbutamide. These results are discussed in terms of a conformational analysis of the drug molecules.

starlix diabetes medication

The goal of treatment for intracranial arterial stenosis is to supply sufficient blood flow to the brain rather than to completely dilate the stenotic artery. Long-term treatment with aspirin, cilostazol, simvastatin, and nateglinide might help increase CBF in some patients with intracranial arterial stenosis.

starlix pill images

Nateglinide loaded alginate-chitosan beads were prepared by ionic gelation method for controlling the drug release by using various combinations of chitosan and Ca2+ as cation and alginate as anion. IR spectrometry, scanning electron microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray powder diffractometry were used to investigate the physicochemical characteristics of the drug in the bead formulations. The calcium content in beads was determined by atomic absorption spectroscopy. The swelling ability of the beads in different media (pH 1.2, 4.5, 6.8) has been found to be dependent on the presence of polyelectrolyte complex of the beads and the pH of the media. The ability to release the Nateglinide was examined as a function of chitosan and calcium chloride content in the gelation medium. It is evident that the rate of drug release and its kinetics could be controlled by changing the chitosan and the calcium chloride concentrations. Calcium alginate beads released more than 95% of drug with in 8 h; whereas coated beads sustained the drug release and released only 75-80% of drug. The drug release mechanism analyzed indicates that the release follows either "anomalous transport" or "case-II transport".

starlix and alcohol

While bidirectional relationships exist between body weight and physical activity, direction of causality remains uncertain and previous studies have been limited by self-reported activity or weight and small sample size. We investigated the prospective relationships between weight and physical activity.

starlix reviews

Insulin resistance prevails not only among diabetic patients but also among hypertensive and obese patients. The relationship between insulin resistance and cardiovascular diseases was investigated in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Eighty-one maintenance HD patients were enrolled. The homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) method was used to assess insulin resistance. The relationship of HOMA-IR with cardiovascular and all-cause events was assessed. Compared with nondiabetic patients (n = 55), diabetic patients (n = 26) showed higher HOMA-IR (2.5 +/- 0.3 vs 1.4 +/- 0.2, P < .05), lower ankle-brachial pressure index (ABI, 0.85 +/- 0.09 vs 1.12 +/- 0.02, P < .01), and shorter HD duration (3 +/- 1 vs 9 +/- 1 years, P < .01), although their body mass index was similar (22.3 +/- 0.5 vs 21.5 +/- 0.4 kg/m(2)). Nondiabetic patients taking angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (n = 36) had lower HOMA-IR (1.2 +/- 0.2 vs 1.8 +/- 0.4, P < .05) and higher ABI (1.18 +/- 0.02 vs 1.02 +/- 0.05, P < .01) than those without (n = 17). Cardiovascular events were less common in HD patients with normal HOMA-IR (P < .05) or ABI (P < .01). Our data indicate that 69% of diabetic and 27% of nondiabetic patients have HOMA-IR greater than 1.6, implying reduced insulin sensitivity in HD patients. The present results provide evidence that angiotensin inhibition improves insulin resistance, possibly preventing vascular injury in HD patients. Finally, our findings suggest that insulin resistance is prognostic of cardiovascular events in HD patients.

starlix medicine

To compare the efficacy of nateglinide with repaglinide in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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starlix dosing 2016-04-30

An open-label, parallel-group, randomized, multicenter trial was conducted to compare efficacy and safety of repaglinide versus nateglinide, when used in a combination regimen with metformin for treatment of type buy starlix online 2 diabetes.

starlix 120 mg 2015-10-27

The aim of this study was to characterize the provesicle formulation of nateglinide (NTG) to facilitate the development of a novel controlled release system of NTG with improved efficacy and oral bioavailability compared to the currently marketed NTG formulation (Glinate™ 60). NTG provesicles were prepared by a slurry method using the non-ionic surfactant, Span 60 (SP), and cholesterol (CH) as vesicle forming agents and maltodextrin as a coated carrier. Multilamellar niosomes with narrow size distribution were shown to be successfully prepared by means of dynamic laser scattering (DLS) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). The absence of drug-excipient interactions was confirmed buy starlix online by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies. In vitro release of NTG in different dissolution media was improved compared to pure drug. A goat intestinal permeation study revealed that the provesicular formulation (F4) with an SP:CH ratio of 5:5 gave higher cumulative amount of drug permeated at 48 h compared to Glinate™ 60 and control. A pharmacodynamic study in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats confirmed that formulation F4 significantly (P<0.05) reduced blood glucose levels in comparison to Glinate 60. Overall the results show that controlled release NTG provesicles offer a useful and promising oral delivery system for the treatment of type II diabetes.

starlix tabs 2017-05-22

To assess the efficacy and tolerability of buy starlix online the combination of nateglinide (120 mg, ac) and metformin (500 mg, tid) as initial treatment in drug-naïve patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

starlix medicine 2017-11-13

Short-term hypoglycemic effects of single dose buy starlix online voglibose and nateglinide were compared after sucrose loading in spontaneously diabetic Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty (OLETF) rats.

starlix and alcohol 2017-11-05

Because composite end points augment event rates buy starlix online , they are often thought to increase statistical power. This may not be true if the intervention has a lesser effect on some components of the composite. Consequently, treatment effect size may depend on the choice of composite.

starlix cost 2016-04-25

The 1-h insulin levels during the meal tolerance test were significantly higher with buy starlix online nateglinide (577 +/- 81 vs 376 +/- 58 pmol L(-1), p < 0.001), as well as the response during the first two hours (IAUC: 41 243 +/- 5844 vs 29 956 +/- 4662 pmol L(-1) min, p < 0.01). Accordingly, nateglinide lowered the 8-h postprandial glucose response by around 60% compared to placebo (p < 0.001). In contrast, no significant lowering was seen in the excursion of postprandial triglycerides in total plasma or lipoprotein fractions. Consistently, the concentration of exogenous (apoB-48) and endogenous (apoB-100) lipoproteins was not reduced by nateglinide.

starlix drug information 2017-06-23

The combination therapy of vildagliptin and nateglinide is effective and safe in Japanese type 2 diabetes, and the improved glycemic control is as a result of augmentation of nateglinide-induced early phase insulin secretion. This trial was registered with UMIN buy starlix online (no. ID000004010).

starlix drug class 2016-12-07

To summarize the English-language literature on the benefits and harms of oral agents (second-generation sulfonylureas, biguanides, thiazolidinediones, meglitinides, and alpha-glucosidase inhibitors) in the treatment of adults with buy starlix online type 2 diabetes mellitus.

starlix tablet 2015-08-29

The risk assessment of organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP) 1B1-mediated drug-drug interactions (DDIs) is an indispensable part of drug development. We previously reported that in vitro inhibitory potencies of several inhibitors on OATP1B1 depend on the substrates when prototypical substrates, estradiol-17β-glucuronide (E₂G), estrone-3-sulfate, and sulfobromophthalein were used as test substrates. The purpose of this study was to comprehensively investigate this substrate-dependent inhibition of OATP1B1 using clinically relevant OATP1B1 inhibitors and substrate drugs. Effects of cyclosporine A (CsA), rifampin, and gemfibrozil on OATP1B1-mediated uptake of 12 substrate drugs were examined in OATP1B1-expressing human embryonic kidney 293 cells. The Ki values (μM) for CsA varied from 0.0771 to 0.486 (6.3-fold), for rifampin from 0.358 to buy starlix online 1.23 (3.4-fold), and for gemfibrozil from 9.65 to 252 (26-fold). Except for the inhibition of torasemide uptake by CsA and that of nateglinide uptake by gemfibrozil, the Ki values were within 2.8-fold of those obtained using E₂G as a substrate. Preincubation potentiated the inhibitory effect of CsA on OATP1B1 with similar magnitude regardless of the substrates. R values calculated based on a static model showed some variation depending on the Ki values determined with various substrates, and such variability could have an impact on the DDI predictions particularly for a weak-to-moderate inhibitor (gemfibrozil). OATP1B1 substrate drugs except for torasemide and nateglinide, or E₂G as a surrogate, is recommended as an in vitro probe in the inhibition experiments, which will help mitigate the risk of false-negative DDI predictions potentially caused by substrate-dependent Ki variation.

starlix drug 2017-09-23

Neither the pharmacokinetics nor the pharmacodynamics of tofogliflozin was affected by any of the anti-T2DM drugs evaluated in this study, nor was buy starlix online the pharmacokinetics of any of the anti-T2DM drugs affected by tofogliflozin in healthy male volunteers.

starlix medication 2017-02-08

Nateglinide appears to improve glycemic control as well as the levels of some prothrombotic buy starlix online parameters compared to glibenclamide when administered in combination with metformin.

starlix 60 mg 2017-07-17

Nateglinide is a novel rapid- and short-acting insulin secretagogue that ameliorates postprandial hyperglycemia by improving insulin secretory dynamics to a near normal level more effectively than sulfonylureas. Recent epidemiological studies have demonstrated that postprandial hyperglycemia can result in arteriosclerosis, and that advanced arteriosclerosis is present in the initial stage of impaired glucose tolerance. Since postprandial buy starlix online hyperglycemia could be well treated by nateglinide, we examined the background factors of type 2 diabetic patients to determine the optimal indication for nateglinide. Our results indicate that nateglinide is most effective in young and obese patients. Furthermore, fewer responders had microangiopathy or were previously on oral hypoglycemic agents or sulfonylureas compared with non-responders. Although nateglinide is generally indicated for patients with mild HbA1c level, the present findings indicate that the drug was effective in the aforementioned patients regardless of pretreatment HbA1c levels. In one obese patient, nateglinide improved late hyperinsulinemia to near normal secretory dynamics. Our findings suggest that nateglinide is a physiologically preferable and useful drug for early type 2 diabetes without microangiopathy.

starlix diabetes medication 2017-01-21

We studied whether the rapid hypoglycemic action of nateglinide is associated with an increase in islet blood flow. Islet blood flow was measured using the two-colour microsphere method. Orally administered nateglinide with glucose acutely increased islet buy starlix online blood flow to levels greater than those after glucose alone or tolbutamide with glucose in conscious Sprague-Dawley rats (percent increase at 10 min after oral administration; nateglinide+glucose, 125+/-25%; glucose, 33+/-11%, p<0.001; tolbutamide+glucose, 42+/-23%, p<0.01). Nateglinide administered with non-metabolisable 3-O-methylglucose also increased islet blood flow (61+/-17%). The stimulated islet blood flow significantly correlated with serum insulin levels. N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine, a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, completely inhibited the increase in islet blood flow induced by nateglinide with glucose. Intravenously administered nateglinide did not significantly affect the already increased islet blood flow in diabetic Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty rats. Our results indicated that nateglinide acutely increased islet blood flow at least in part through a nitric oxide-dependent mechanism.

starlix drug classification 2017-08-02

NAVIGATOR ("Nateglinide And Valsartan in Impaired Glucose Tolerance Outcomes Research") is a large international placebo-controlled trial that randomised 9,031 individuals at high risk because of Rulide Drug Interactions impaired glucose tolerance and established cardiovascular disease or cardiovascular risk factors. This trial aimed at investigating whether valsartan (a selective AT1 receptor antagonist) and/or nateglinide (a short-acting insulin-secreting agent) are able to reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular events. After a median follow up of 6.5 years, neither valsartan nor nateglinide improved cardiovascular prognosis in the tested population, which already benefited from a protective pharmacotherapy at baseline and a reinforcement of lifestyle modification throughout the trial. Nateglinide did not diminish the risk of new onset diabetes. In contrast, valsartan reduced the incidence of type 2 diabetes by 14%, confirming the potential interest of the blockade of the renin-angiotensin system in this high-risk population.

starlix generic name 2017-10-12

The efficacy of repaglinide and nateglinide in FBG, postprandial glucose Periactin Generic excursion and early-phase insulin secretion is similar. But the effect of repaglinide 1.0 mg t.i.d. on HbA(1c) is stronger than that of nateglinide 90 mg t.i.d.. This trial had shown that nateglinide and repaglinide could comparably improve insulin sensitivity and beta-cell function.

starlix 30 mg 2015-10-29

The RQ values in the patients treated with nateglinide, were similar to those in healthy adults, but was lower than in Crestor Low Dose those treated with SU. No weight gain was observed in patients treated with nateglinide.

starlix maximum dose 2015-10-20

An assay based on cation exchange solid-phase extraction and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) has been developed for the quantitative determination of metformin in human plasma. The analytical method consists of Coumadin 750 Mg cation exchange solid-phase extraction (VersaPlate CBA) without any further evaporation/dissolution steps and cation exchange-based HPLC separation (Capcell Pak SCX column) with a normal-phase gradient system followed by semi-micro LC/MS/MS in positive ion selected reaction monitoring mode using electrospray ionization. The method exhibited excellent performance in terms of selectivity, robustness, short run time (7 min/sample) and simplicity of sample preparation. The calibration range was 10-1000 ng/ml with 0.2 ml of plasma. Intra- and inter-day mean accuracies were within the ranges of 100.3-105.0% and 101.2-105.3%, respectively. Intra- and inter-day precisions were within the ranges of 0.8-1.9% and 1.5-8.6%, respectively. Mean absolute recovery was 67.0% for metformin. No apparent loss of metformin after extraction was observed in an autosampler at 10 degrees C for 24 h. Dilution of metformin by blank human plasma up to 20-fold was tested and revealed no impact on the results of determination. Furthermore, the method exhibited high selectivity, since no effect on metformin analysis was observed on comparison of samples with or without nateglinide and other agents in plasma. Results obtained with the method were also comparable to a published LC-UV method on cross-validation. This method can be applied to various clinical pharmacokinetic studies of metformin.

starlix brand name 2017-06-09

The respiratory quotient (RQ) is useful for evaluating glucose and lipid metabolism in vivo. We previously reported that the RQ value, even after fasting, was high in diabetics being treated Lopressor 200 Mg with sulphonylurea (SU), which might explain the accumulation of fat, leading to weight gain in such individuals. In the present study, we measured the RQ in type II diabetic patients who were being treated with a rapid-onset/short-duration insulinotropic agent, nateglinide, and compared it with those being treated with SU.

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None of the anti-T2DM drugs had any effect on tofogliflozin exposure. Tofogliflozin had no or little effect on the exposure of any anti-T2DM drug. No anti-T2DM drug had any major effect on the cumulative urine glucose excretion induced by tofogliflozin. There were no safety Benicar Generic Alternative concerns evident after administration of any drug alone or in co-administration.

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Similar decreases in fasting blood glucose, 2 hours postprandial blood Serevent Buy Online glucose, and HbA1 c were found in both nateglinide group and repaglinide group without significant differences. No severe adverse events were noted. The hypoglycemia event reports were not significantly different between these two groups.

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We searched several databases including The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE and EMBASE. We also contacted manufacturers and Trental Pentoxifylline Tablets searched ongoing trials databases, and the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) websites.

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Diabetes mellitus is a disorder in which blood sugar (glucose) levels are abnormally high because the body does not produce enough insulin to meet its needs. Post-prandial hyperglycemia (PPHG) is an independent risk factor for the development of macro vascular complications. It is now recognized that normalizing post-prandial blood glucose is more difficult than normalizing fasting glucose. Potassium channels are the most widely distributed type of ion channel and are found in virtually all living organisms. The function of KATP channels is best understood in pancreatic beta cells, the membrane potential of which is responsive to external glucose concentration. Beta cells show a remarkably complex electrical bursting behavior in response to an increase in glucose level. Nateglinide and Glimepiride are a class of insulin secretagog agents that lowers blood glucose levels by stimulating insulin secretion from the pancreas. These compounds interact with the ATP-sensitive potassium (K+ATP) channel in pancreatic beta cells. However, the side effects of these drugs overpass their uses, and the need to identify compounds with less adverse effects is exigent. In our research study, we used the natural compound ellagic acid, which is an already proven anti-carcinogen, anti-mutagen, and anticancer initiator, for its anti-diabetic activity in comparison to the two commercial drugs (Nateglinide and Glimepiride). The drugs and the compounds were docked to the ATP-dependent potassium channel and their energy value showed that the compound had higher binding value than the commercial drugs. Then an ADME/Tox analysis for the compound was carried out which showed that ellagic can be a possible lead molecule.

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In the present study we administered nateglinide to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) patients with type 2 diabetes who had failed to respond adequately to diet and exercise therapy, and we compared the resulting changes in insulin kinetics and improvements in blood glucose levels, as well as the concomitant changes in hepatic function, diagnostic liver images and liver histology, with the results from a non-treated control group.

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Our results suggest that acarbose improves postprandial endothelial function by improvement of postprandial hyperglycemia, independent of postprandial hyperinsulinemia. Acarbose may thus have more beneficial effects on postprandial endothelial function in patients with type 2 diabetes than nateglinide.