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Propecia (Finasteride)

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Generic Propecia is a 5-alpha reductase inhibitor which helps block the body's production of a male hormone causes the prostate to increase. Generic Propecia treats prostatic hypertrophy (BPH).

Other names for this medication:

Similar Products:
Proscar, Finpecia, Finast, Finax, Fincar


Also known as:  Finasteride.


Generic Propecia is a medicine which belongs to the group of medicines called 5-alpha reductase inhibitors. 5-alpha reductase inhibitors help you to block the body's production of a male hormone causes the prostate to increase. You can use Generic Propecia with other medicines to treat prostatic hypertrophy (BPH).

Women can't take Generic Propecia. It is only for men.

Propecia is also known as Finasteride, Appecia, Finotop, Proscar, Fincar, Finpecia, Finax, Finast, Finara, Finalo, Prosteride, Gefina, Appecia, Finasterid.

Generic name of Generic Propecia is Finasteride.

Brand names of Generic Propecia are Proscar, Propecia.


Generic Propecia is available in tablets which should be taken orally.

It would be better to take Generic Propecia every day at the same time.

Generic Propecia should be taken one time a day, with or without food.

If you use Generic Propecia to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH):

For adults 5 mg a day.

If you use Generic Propecia to treat hair loss:

For adults 1 mg a day.

Keep Generic Propecia away from children.


If you overdose Generic Propecia and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.


Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture, light and heat. Keep container tightly closed. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children in a container that small children cannot open.

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Do not take Generic Propecia if you are allergic to Generic Propecia components.

Do not take Generic Propecia if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother. Generic Propecia can harm your baby.

Women can't take Generic Propecia. It is only for men.

Be careful with Generic Propecia if you suffer from blockage of urine flow or liver disease.

Keep Generic Propecia away from children and don't give it to other people for using.

Do not stop taking Generic Propecia suddenly.

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Finasteride is a competitive inhibitor of 5 alpha-reductase enzyme, and is used for treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia and androgenetic alopecia. Animal studies have shown that finasteride might induce behavioral changes. Additionally, some cases of finasteride-induced depression have been reported in humans. The purpose of this study was to examine whether depressive symptoms or anxiety might be induced by finasteride administration.

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A Phase III North American BPH trial originally enrolled 895 men, 297 of whom were randomized to receive finasteride 5 mg. An enlarged prostate gland by digital rectal examination, symptoms of urinary obstruction, and a maximal urinary flow rate of less than 15 mL/s were required for entry. Patients who completed the initial 12-month, double-blind, placebo-controlled study were invited to participate in an open-label extension for 4 additional years.

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Androgen concentrations in the prostate were quantified after administration of chlormadinone acetate (CMA), finasteride, or flutamide. The prostatic blood supplies were measured after administration of CMA, finasteride, flutamide, or bicalutamide. The alpha-blockers, terazosin and tamsulosin, were included in the study as negative controls. The histologic changes in the capillaries of the ventral prostate were observed, and the luminal area was measured.

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Hair loss (alopecia) affects men and women of all ages and often significantly affects social and psychologic well-being. Although alopecia has several causes, a careful history, dose attention to the appearance of the hair loss, and a few simple studies can quickly narrow the potential diagnoses. Androgenetic alopecia, one of the most common forms of hair loss, usually has a specific pattern of temporal-frontal loss in men and central thinning in women. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved topical minoxidil to treat men and women, with the addition of finasteride for men. Telogen effluvium is characterized by the loss of "handfuls" of hair, often following emotional or physical stressors. Alopecia areata, trichotillomania, traction alopecia, and tinea capitis have unique features on examination that aid in diagnosis. Treatment for these disorders and telogen effluvium focuses on resolution of the underlying cause.

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The 5alpha-reduced metabolite of progesterone (P), 5alpha-pregnan-3alpha-ol-20-one (3alpha,5alpha-THP), may mediate progestins' effects to reduce depressive behavior of female rats in part through actions in the hippocampus. To investigate, forced swim test behavior and plasma and hippocampal progestin levels were assessed in groups of rats expected to differ in their 3alpha,5alpha-THP levels due to endogenous differences (pregnant and postpartum), administration of a 5alpha-reductase inhibitor (finasteride; 50 mg/kg sc), and/or gestational stress [prenatal stress (PNS)], an animal model of depression. Pregnant rats had higher plasma and hippocampal 3alpha,5alpha-THP levels and less depressive behavior (decreased immobility, increased struggling and swimming) in the forced swim test than did postpartum rats. Finasteride, compared to vehicle-administration, reduced plasma and hippocampal 3alpha,5alpha-THP levels and increased depressive behavior (increased immobility, decreased struggling and swimming). PNS was associated with lower hippocampal, but not plasma, 3alpha,5alpha-THP levels and increased swimming compared to that observed in control rats. Together, these data suggest that 3alpha,5alpha-THP in the hippocampus may mediate antidepressive behavior of female rats.

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Men presenting for fertility evaluation from 2008-2012 on finasteride.

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The patient was a 67-year old man with a 27-month history of obstructive sleep apnea. Diagnostic polysomnography demonstrated a baseline apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) of 21.3 and a trough oxygen saturation of 84%. Treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) was initiated. The AHI in year 1 averaged 1.0 ± 0.1 (mean ± SD) and 0.8 ± 0.1 in year 2. Other medical conditions included hypertension controlled with losartan and benign prostatic hypertrophy not well controlled by finasteride monotherapy. The α1-adrenergic receptor antagonist tamsulosin 0.4 mg daily was added. Shortly after initiation of tamsulosin, subjective sleep quality deteriorated. Significant surges in obstructive events, apneic episodes, and AHI were also recorded, and nocturnal airway pressure was frequently sustained at the CPAP device maximum of 20 cm H2O. Tamsulosin was discontinued. CPAP parameters and sleep quality returned to the pre-tamsulosin baselines within 10 days. These findings suggest that α1-adrenergic blockade with tamsulosin may exacerbate sleep-disordered breathing in susceptible patients.

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Data for our decision tree model came from men in the two arms (finasteride or placebo) of the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial (PCPT) and from clinically localized prostate cancer patients studied for long-term survival outcomes. Our model compared survival outcomes for men treated with finasteride or placebo. Prostate cancer rates were based on the 7-year period prevalence of prostate cancer detected in the PCPT; survival probabilities were abstracted from the long-term outcome studies. We assessed variability in the PCPT and long-term survival studies to test the variability of our model.

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These guidelines are intended to provide a framework for health professionals involved in BPH management in order to facilitate decision-making in all areas and at all levels of healthcare.

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A significant increase in the apoptotic index, and reduced microvessel density and PSA expression were detected in prostates from finasteride-treated patients, compared to controls (P < 0.01). In vitro finasteride led to a significant decrease in prostate epithelial cell adhesion (P < 0.05).

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Dutasteride increases scalp hair growth in men with MPHL. Type 1 and type 2 5alpha-reductase may be important in the pathogenesis and treatment of MPHL.

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Finasteride 1 mg is indicated for the treatment of men with androgenetic alopecia (AGA). However, more than 5 years efficacy and safety has not been previously reported. To assess the efficacy over 10 years in different age groups of men with AGA. 118 men, between 20 and 61 years, with AGA receiving finasteride (1 mg/day), were enrolled in this uncontrolled study. Efficacy evaluation was assessed with standardized global photographs at T0,T1,T2,T5,T10. Statistical analysis was made using frequency tables and evaluating the chi-square index with its p-value. Better improvements are observed in patients older than 30 years (42.8% aged between 20 and 30 years did not improve also after 10 years) or with higher AGA grades (58.9% for AGA grade IV and 45.4% for AGA grade V had the first improvement just after 1 year). In 21% of cases, the treatment continuation beyond 5 years provided better results. Side effects were referred by 6% of the patients; nevertheless, some of them went on with treatment because of the great results. In our opinion, the result after the first year can help in predicting the effectiveness of the treatment. Its efficacy was not reduced as time goes on; in fact, a big proportion of subjects unchanged after 1 year, improved later on, maintaining a positive trend.

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In men with baseline prostate volume 30 ml or greater treatment with finasteride produced a significant (p <0.001) increase relative to placebo in the cumulative percentage of patients who did not experience clinical progression of benign prostatic hyperplasia (finasteride 88.1% vs placebo 77.8%). There was no significant (p = 0.441) between-group difference in men with baseline prostate volume less than 30 ml (91.4% vs 89.1%, respectively).

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Female pattern hair loss (FPHL), or androgenic alopecia, is the most common type of hair loss affecting women. It is characterised by progressive shortening of the duration of the growth phase of the hair with successive hair cycles, and progressive follicular miniaturisation with conversion of terminal to vellus hair follicles (terminal hairs are thicker and longer, while vellus hairs are soft, fine, and short). The frontal hair line may or may not be preserved. Hair loss can have a serious psychological impact on women.

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Glucocorticoids and androgens have both been implicated in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD); androgen deficiency in males, androgen excess in females, and glucocorticoid excess in both sexes are associated with NAFLD. Glucocorticoid and androgen action are regulated at a prereceptor level by the enzyme 5α-reductase type 2 (SRD5A2), which inactivates glucocorticoids to their dihydrometabolites and converts T to DHT. We have therefore explored the role of androgens and glucocorticoids and their metabolism by SRD5A2 upon lipid homeostasis in human hepatocytes. In both primary human hepatocytes and human hepatoma cell lines, glucocorticoids decreased de novo lipogenesis in a dose-dependent manner. Whereas androgen treatment (T and DHT) increased lipogenesis in cell lines and in primary cultures of human hepatocytes from female donors, it was without effect in primary hepatocyte cultures from men. SRD5A2 overexpression reduced the effects of cortisol to suppress lipogenesis and this effect was lost following transfection with an inactive mutant construct. Conversely, pharmacological inhibition using the 5α-reductase inhibitors finasteride and dutasteride augmented cortisol action. We have demonstrated that manipulation of SRD5A2 activity can regulate lipogenesis in human hepatocytes in vitro. This may have significant clinical implications for those patients prescribed 5α-reductase inhibitors, in particular augmenting the actions of glucocorticoids to modulate hepatic lipid flux.

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Thirty-two percent or 414 men continued to take finasteride daily for 1 to 3 years. Twenty-four percent or 297 men discontinued the drug between 3 and 15 months owing to poor results. The remaining 44% or 549 men were lost to follow-up despite numerous attempts to contact them.

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During recent years more and more researchers and clinicians have become interested in HPB in order to identify a medical therapy instead of surgery. The aim of our study was to find the value of finasteride in HPB therapy. We wanted to know if finasteride was able to improve the symptomatology and blood tests of patients afflicted with HPB. Every patient was agreed with the course of action of the 1991 Paris Urology Congress. All patients were treated with finasteride 5 mg/die for one year and inspected by prostatic echography and blood tests. The results of our study are every interesting and are discussed in the article.

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To determine the effects of a saw palmetto herbal blend (SPHB) compared with finasteride on prostatic tissue androgen levels and to evaluate needle biopsies as a source of tissue for such determinations.

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Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy of the type 1 and 2 5alpha-reductase inhibitor dutasteride in men with MPHL.

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The prostate cancer prevention trial (PCPT) and Reduction by dutasteride of Prostate Cancer Events (REDUCE) trial found that 5α-reductase (5αR) inhibitors finasteride and dutasteride respectively, decreased prostate cancer prevalence but also increased the incidence of high-grade tumors. 5αR2 is the main isoenzyme in normal prostate tissue; however, most prostate tumors have high 5αR1 and low 5αR2 expression. Because finasteride inhibits only 5αR2, we hypothesized that it would not be as efficacious in preventing prostate cancer development and/or progression in C57BL/6 TRAMP x FVB mice as dutasteride, which inhibits both 5αR1 and 5αR2.

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Stratification is common in clinical trials because it can reduce the variance of the estimated treatment effect. The traditional demonstration of variance reduction relies on the assumption of stratum sizes being fixed quantities. However, in practice, to speed up enrollment, and to obtain a study population with a similar distribution as the overall population, the stratum sizes are allowed to vary. Under the condition that the total sample size is fixed and that the stratum sizes have a multinomial distribution, the criterion changes for achieving a reduction in variance. The relationship between the stratified and unstratified variances is established and shown to be approximately the same for prestratified and post-stratified trials. It is demonstrated why stratification may actually increase the variance compared with no stratification even when the mean square error is reduced on account of stratification. Data from a real clinical trial will be used for illustration. The benefit attributed to stratification needs to be re-examined in light of the findings presented, particularly given its widespread use.

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Mean length of follow-up was 5.3 yr. The rate of clinical BPH was 19 per 1000 person-years in the placebo arm and 11 per 1000 person-years in the finasteride arm (p<0.001). In a covariate-adjusted model, finasteride reduced the risk of incident clinical BPH by 40% (HR: 0.60; 95% confidence interval, 0.51-0.69; p<0.001). The effect of finasteride on incident clinical BPH was attenuated in men with a body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m(2) (p(interaction) = 0.04) but otherwise did not differ significantly by physical activity, age, race, current diabetes, or current smoking. The post hoc nature of the analysis is a potential study limitation.

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To clarify the dependence of neural nitric oxide synthase mRNA (nNOSmRNA) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase mRNA (eNOSmRNA) on androgens (testosterone [T] and dihydrotestosterone [DHT]).

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propecia sale online 2015-12-28

Seventeen Thai plants traditionally used for hair treatment were selected. The plants were dried, ground and extracted by maceration with ethyl alcohol. These extracts were further tested for 5α-reductase inhibition using enzymes from rat livers. Hair growth buy propecia online promoting activity was tested in C57BL/6 mice.

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Of the original 36 patients assigned to treatment with 5 mg. finasteride daily ( buy propecia online group 1) or placebo (group 2) for 6 months 27 completed an open extension study of 5 mg. finasteride for 4 more years. The possible relief of bladder outlet obstruction was monitored with repeated pressure-flow studies at baseline, 6 months and 4.5 years.

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The results buy propecia online of this study showed that the therapeutic effects of both finasteride gel and finasteride tablet were relatively similar to each other.

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Compared with men assigned to placebo, men assigned to doxazosin and combination experienced a statistically significant improvement in the BII at year 4. Men assigned to each of the drug groups also experienced a significant improvement in the I-PSS-QoL compared with those assigned to placebo. Considering longitudinal changes during 4 years, a significant improvement buy propecia online in BII and I-PSS-QoL scores was observed in men assigned to the drug groups compared with those assigned to placebo. However, there were no significant differences for the MOS-SF-36 subscales and summary scores when drug groups were compared with the placebo group.

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Recent advances in stem cell biology have resulted in identifying new agents to differentiate stem cell-derived-neural cells. Different stem cell types have been shown to differentiate into neural cells. It has been shown that P19 line of embryonal carcinoma cells develops into neurons and astroglia after exposure to some hormones such as dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). Steroid 5α-reductase is a key enzyme in the conversion of several Δ4-3 keto steroids, such as testosterone into their respective 5α-reductase derivatives. Finasteride is a 5α-reductase inhibitor that inhibits conversion of testosterone to the more potent androgen dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Reduction in DHT and sustaining testosterone levels has an important impact on differentiation and proliferation of embryonal carcinoma cells to neural buy propecia online cells. We hypothesize that finasteride, a 5α-reductase inhibitor, will be differentiate embryonal carcinoma cell to the neural cell and increase their proliferation due to the elevation levels of testosterone, a neuroprotective neurosteroid.

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These findings suggest that the clinical effects of buy propecia online dutasteride and finasteride might be different. Patients treated with dutasteride seem to be less likely to experience BPH-related hospitalization. Comparative studies are needed to confirm these results.

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Over the last decade surgical management of hair loss has become an increasingly popular and satisfying procedure for both men and women, as innovations in donor buy propecia online harvesting, graft size, and hairline design have resulted in consistently natural-appearing hair restoration.

propecia cost canada 2016-04-03

Dutasteride was more potent than finasteride in interfering with DHT-stimulated AR signaling. Disruption of AR function was accompanied by decreased cell growth. Cells that rely on DHT for protection against death were particularly vulnerable to dutasteride. Different prostate cancer cell models exhibited different sensitivities to dutasteride and finasteride. LNCaP was most sensitive, LAPC4 and VCaP were intermediate, while 22Rv1 was least sensitive. Regardless of the AR genotype, if AR was transfected into drug-sensitive cells, AR was inhibited by drug treatment; and if AR was transfected buy propecia online into drug-resistant cells, AR was not inhibited.

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A sensitive and selective high-performance liquid chromatographic method has been developed for the quantitative determination of N-(2-methyl-2-propyl)-3-oxo-4-aza-5 alpha-androst-1-ene-17 beta-carboxamide (I) in human plasma. I, a 5 alpha-reductase inhibitor and a potential therapeutic agent for benign prostatic hyperplasia, is a member of the family of compounds referred to as the 4-azasteroids. The 4-N-methyl analogue of the drug was used as the internal standard and calibration curves were developed at two levels of sensitivity to cover a large dynamic buy propecia online range of plasma concentrations. Drug was isolated from biological fluids with a solid-phase C18 extraction column; the analyte was further purified by adsorption and desorption from a second extraction column (CN cartridge). Evaluation of the isolation method revealed that it was reproducible and drug recoveries equalled ca. 90%. Chromatography was carried out on a C8 column (5 micron) with ultraviolet detection at 210 nm. The detection limit was ca. 10 ng/ml for I. Human plasma levels are reported for I following single-dose oral administration of 50,200 and 400 mg of drug; urinary excretion data are reported for a single volunteer given 400 mg of I.

propecia cost us 2016-04-02

Prostatic suburethral VEGF expression and microvessel density were significantly lower in the finasteride group compared to controls (p <0.05). Differences in VEGF expression and microvessel density at the level of the hyperplastic prostate were buy propecia online not found to be significantly different between the 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS Decreased expression of VEGF by finasteride inhibits angiogenesis and significantly decreases microvessel density in prostatic suburethral tissue. This sequential relationship provides histochemical insight into the mechanism by which finasteride reduces prostatic urethral bleeding.

propecia dosage forms 2016-03-13

Department of buy propecia online Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

propecia dosage 5mg 2016-05-29

This review highlights the most important developments in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of prostate cancer published in the buy propecia online medical literature over the past year.

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(1) Responders had substantial reduction in TZ volume (44.8% versus 16.05%; P < 0.03) and TZ ratio (25% versus 5% increase, P < 0.02) compared with nonresponders. (2) There was a significant correlation between reduction in TZ volume (r = 0.50; P < 0.03) and TZ ratio (r = 0.60; P < 0.006) with improvement in peak flow rates. No similar correlation was seen with total prostate volume changes. (3) Pretreatment TZ ratio helped in predicting peak flow improvement following finasteride therapy (r = 0.52; P < 0.01) and there was a 2.5-fold increased chance of improvement if baseline TZ ratio was more than 0.51. The modified Boyarsky symptom score decreased by 3.1 (mean), but there was no correlation with changes in peak urinary flow rate, total prostate volume, TZ volume, and TZ ratio. TZ ratio did not buy propecia online have significant predictive value for improvement in symptom score.

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In the finasteride group we found a suggestion of decreasing symptom scores and increasing flow rates (not significant) with significant decreases (p < 0.01) in prostate specific antigen (48%), dihydrotestosterone (74%) and prostate volume (21%). Finasteride treatment induced a 55% decrease in inner gland epithelium (p < 0.01) with little effect on stroma or lumina. We also found a linear correlation between pretreatment inner gland epithelial content and prostate volume decrease induced by the drug (tau = 0.58, p = 0 buy propecia online .01).

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Lycopene is a member of the carotenoid family and has strong anti-oxidant properties. Lycopene occurs in tomato-based food products primarily as an all-E isomer (80-97%),but its Z-isomers accounts for 79 to 88% of total lycopene in benign or malignant prostate tissues, while the specific biological functions of Z-isomers are still not clarified at present. This study was to examine the bioactive potency of Z-isomers on Protonix Generic Drug benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in mice and to make a comparison of effective inhibition between Z-isomers and all-E isomer.

propecia 90 tablets 2017-06-19

A total of 1261 patients were monitored with phone calls every 3 months after finasteride was initially prescribed. After 12 months, a detailed questionnaire was sent to all patients with an additional letter and two telephone calls if Astelin Alcohol no response was received. Statistical analysis of the patients' data was made.

4 mg propecia 2015-12-30

To clarify the basic aspects of the regulation of the prostatic blood supply by antiandrogens, their effect on the prostatic blood supply was studied for both androgen content and morphology of true capillaries in Aciphex Mg the rat ventral prostate. The effectiveness of antiandrogens on the control of hemorrhagic status in prostatic diseases has been previously reported.

propecia dosage 2016-01-10

Studies were conducted to elucidate the importance of androgen-mediated induction of the extreme masculinization of the external genitalia in female spotted hyenas. Phallic size and shape; androgen receptor (AR) and alpha-actin expression; and sex-specific differences in phallic retractor musculature, erectile tissue, tunica albuginea, and urethra/urogenital sinus were examined in male and female fetuses from Day 30 of gestation to term. Similar outcomes were assessed in fetuses from dams treated with an AR blocker and a 5alpha-reductase inhibitor (antiandrogen treatment). Clitoral and penile development were already advanced at Day 30 of gestation and grossly indistinguishable between male and female fetuses throughout pregnancy. Sex-specific differences in internal phallic organization were evident at Gestational Day 45, coincident with AR expression and testicular differentiation. Antiandrogen treatment inhibited prostatic development in males and effectively feminized internal penile anatomy. We conclude that gross masculinization of phallic size and shape of male and female Arjuna Medicine fetuses is androgen-independent, but that sexual dimorphism of internal phallic structure is dependent on fetal testicular androgens acting via AR in the relevant cells/tissues. Androgens secreted by the maternal ovaries and metabolized by the placenta do not appear to be involved in gross masculinization or in most of the sex differences in internal phallic structure.

propecia user reviews 2016-12-15

Information on patients, interventions, and outcomes was extracted by at least two independent reviewers using a standard form. The main outcome measure for comparing the effectiveness of Serenoa repens with placebo or other BPH medications was the change in urologic symptom scale scores. Secondary outcomes included changes in nocturia and urodynamic measures. The main outcome Geodon Drug measure for side effects was the number of men reporting side effects.

propecia medication 2016-10-31

(1) 5alpha-reductase inhibitor, Finasteride and TU reduced the weight of the testis and epididymis in the experiment groups compared with the negative control (Group C), but TU increased the weight of the prostate while Finasteride decreased it compared with the positive control (Group T). TU combined with Finasteride could counteract the effect of the weight increase of the prostate, but not that of the testis. (2) Finasteride, or Finasteride combined with TU, reduced the DHT but increased the testosterone level in comparison with the control group. (3) Both Finasteride and TU could inhibit epididymal sperm count and reproductive function compared with the control, but the effect was less significant in Group Trileptal 900 Mg FT than in Group F.

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Because androgens are essential for fertility, we sought to determine the impact of 5ARI administration on serum testosterone (T), DHT, and spermatogenesis. DESIGN, SETTING, SUBJECTS, AND INTERVENTION: We conducted a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial in 99 healthy men randomly assigned to receive dutasteride (D; 0.5 mg) (n = 33), finasteride (F; 5 mg) (n = 34), or placebo (n = 32) once daily for 1 yr.

propecia dose 2015-12-20

Accuracy was dramatically improved when defined as percentage of patients with a 20% or more decrease in prostate volume, from 14% to 0% in placebo patients, and from 38% to 29% in finasteride patients. The variability was significantly reduced (by 50%) when read by a single observer [1].

propecia gel 2016-12-24

Hormones and androgens play an important role in the pathogenesis of acne. Multiple hormonal modulators are now available for the treatment of acne. The efficacies and side effects of currently available hormonal agents are reviewed here including the use of oral contraceptives, spironolactone, flutamide, cyproterone acetate, finasteride, and cortexolone 17α-propionate. Hormonal therapies are an efficacious treatment option for acne among females. With the growing need to reduce antibiotic exposures, hormonal therapies should be more widely studied and incorporated into acne treatment strategies.

propecia i mg 2016-09-16

A case-control study was conducted with data from the United Kingdom Clinical Practice Research Datalink database among all men aged 45 years and older in the period 1 January 1992 to 31 December 2011. Cases of men diagnosed with breast cancer were matched to up 10 controls on age and general practice. Crude and adjusted odds ratios were estimated for the risk of breast cancer associated with the use of 5-ARIs.

propecia 3 mg 2016-02-02

Inhibiting the proliferation of prostate cancer cells by finasteride may involve the cooperative effect of multiple genes and pathways.

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Large clinical trials provide a tremendous opportunity to integrate correlative, comprehensive biological studies with invaluable repositories of biospecimens and clinical and other data from the trial. The Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial (PCPT) was a phase III randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of finasteride in 18,882 men. Clinical data and blood and tissue specimens were collected at baseline and throughout the study, offering an opportunity to create a program project to investigate hypotheses related to the biology underlying the PCPT findings as well as the etiology and risk of prostate cancer. The transition of the randomized PCPT into this translational and epidemiologic scientific investigation required extensive planning and coordination. Five individual but interrelated projects were brought together with the underlying program theme of the genetic, metabolic, and environmental factors associated with the risks of overall and high-grade prostate cancer and how these factors affected the efficacy of finasteride in preventing cancer. All projects with serum-based measures use a single, shared, nested case-control sample of participants so that each subject provides a more complete biomarker and genetic profile for the evaluation of joint effects of these factors. Strengths of this program include the following: 1) the control group contains only men who are negative for biopsy-detected cancer, 2) the statistical methods to evaluate associations of risk factors with disease are shared across all projects, 3) the large number of cancer cases with fully characterized genetic, metabolic, and behavioral exposures, 4) a central pathology core histopathologically classified the prostate cancer, and 5) cancer cases identified during the PCPT reflect the characteristics of cases currently being detected in the prostate-specific antigen screening era, leading to contemporary and highly relevant results. This article describes the comprehensive methodology and multidisciplinary collaborations, both national and international, essential to a major risk-modeling research program. We provide a framework for doing collaborative research in an international setting structured around a common theme of a clinical trial.

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Finasteride, 5 mg once daily, was given for 12 months.

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Clinical evaluation of potent dual 5alpha-reductase inhibitors may help define the relative roles of human type 1 and 2 5alpha-reductase in the pathophysiology of benign prostatic hyperplasia and other androgen-dependent diseases.

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Although a therapeutic benefit is observed following PVP, persistent irritative voiding symptoms are not uncommon. Lower preoperative AUA-SI scores and treatment with finasteride appear to be associated with bothersome postoperative symptoms. This information can be used to effectively select candidates and to counsel those patients with regard to both the therapeutic objective and expectations related to this procedure.

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Turosteride [FCE 26073; 1-(4-methyl-3-oxo-4-aza-5 alpha-androstane-17 beta-carbonyl)-1,3- diisopropylurea] is a novel inhibitor of 5 alpha-reductase, the enzyme responsible for the conversion of testosterone (T) to 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT). The compound caused inhibition of rat and human prostatic enzymes, with IC50 values of 55 and 53 nM, respectively. In addition, turosteride did not show any relevant binding affinity to the rat prostate androgen receptor (IC50 84 microM; relative binding affinity 0.004% of DHT). The endocrine effects of turosteride were evaluated in adult male rats, treated orally at daily doses of 3, 10 and 30 mg/kg for 20 days. At these doses, the compound reduced the ventral prostate weight by 10, 33 and 42% and the intraprostatic total DHT content by 61, 74 and 78%, respectively, whereas no change in the intraprostatic content of T was observed. Turosteride caused a 40% reduction of serum DHT levels which, however, did not reach statistical significance, whereas serum T levels were similar to control animals. No effect on serum luteinizing hormone or prolactin was observed. These results indicate that the antiprostatic effect of turosteride in the adult rat is related to inhibition of the conversion of T to DHT. However, at variance with other 5 alpha-reductase inhibitors (e.g. finasteride), turosteride caused a decrease in prostatic DHT not associated with a secondary increase in T content. This peculiarity of turosteride may represent an improvement of the compound over other inhibitors.