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Lasix (Furosemide)

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Lasix is a highly effective FDA approved medication for the treatment of excessive edema (fluid retention) due to kidney disorder (nephrotic syndrome), heart failure, cirrhosis and liver disease. It is also used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). Lasix works by regulating the way in which the body absorbs salts.

Other names for this medication:

Similar Products:
Bumex, Edecrin, Demadex, Sodium Edecrin, Fluss 40


Also known as:  Furosemide.


Lasix prevents excessive edema (fluid retention) in people with kidney disorder (nephrotic syndrome), heart failure, cirrhosis and liver disease. It is also used for the treatment of high blood pressure (hypertension), high levels of potassium (hyperkalemia), calcium (hypercalcemia), and magnesium (hypermagnesemia).

The active component, Furosemide, is a potent loop diuretic (water pill) that eliminates water and salt from the body. Furosemide works by blocking the absorption of sodium, chloride, and water from the filtered fluid in the kidney tubules, causing a profound increase in the output of urine (diuresis).

Lasix starts to act within one hour after oral administration, and the effect lasts for about 6-8 hours.


Lasix is available in tablets which should be taken orally with a full glass of water.

The dosage of Lasix depends on the body weight and on the health status of the recipient.

Take Lasix at the same time once a day.

Do not take more than your recommended dose, as high doses of furosemide may cause irreversible hearing loss.

Do not crush or chew the tablet.

To achieve the most effective results, do not stop taking Lasix suddenly.


In case of a Lasix overdose visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Symptoms of a Lasix overdose include fainting, tinnitus, confusion, weakness, lightheadedness, lack of appetite.


Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture, light and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Lasix are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Do not take Lasix if you are allergic to any of its components or if you are unable to urinate.

Do not take Lasix if you are pregnant, plan to have a baby, or you are breastfeeding.

Do not take Lasix if you suffer from or have a history of kidney disease, cirrhosis or other liver disease, gout, lupus or diabetes.

Do not take Lasix if you suffer from enlarged prostate, bladder obstruction or other urination problems, or an electrolyte imbalance (such as low levels of potassium or magnesium in your blood).

Do not take Lasix if you suffer from high cholesterol or triglycerides (a type of fat in the blood).

Use Lasix with care if you are taking indomethacin (such as Indocin); steroids (such as prednisone); diabetes medicines; diet pills; sucralfate (such as Carafate); netilmicin (such as Netromycin); amikacin (such as Amikin); streptomycin; tobramycin (such as Nebcin, Tobi); gentamicin (such as Garamycin); digoxin (such as Lanoxin); blood pressure medicines; salicylates (such as aspirin, Tricosal, Disalcid, Dolobid, Salflex, Doan's Pills); cold medicines; lithium (such as Lithobid, Eskalith), ethacrynic acid (such as Edecrin); probenecid (such as Benemid).

This medicine can make your skin more sensitive to the sunlight. Try to protect your skin where possible.

Avoid becoming dehydrated.

If you are going to have surgery, inform your doctor that you are taking Lasix.

Do not stop taking Lasix suddenly.

tab lasix 5mg

The predictive value of digoxin and furosemide treatment for identifying patients receiving treatment for congestive heart failure (CHF), the use of angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibitors in this population, and the ability of a pharmacist outreach program to address underutilization of ACE inhibitors were studied. All physicians and owner-managers of community pharmacies on Newfoundland's Avalon Peninsula were asked to participate in the study. Pharmacists who agreed to participate were asked to list patients of the participating physicians with prescriptions for (1) furosemide and digoxin with and without an ACE inhibitor or angiotensin II-receptor inhibitor and (2) an ACE inhibitor. Physicians were visited by a pharmacist and asked whether each of their patients receiving digoxin and furosemide was being treated for CHF and to identify further cases of CHF among their patients receiving an ACE inhibitor. Intervention-group physicians received academic detailing on the use and dosage of ACE inhibitors and angiotensin II-receptor inhibitors for CHF. Both groups were reinterviewed after three months to establish what if any changes in therapy had occurred for each patient discussed during the first visit. The positive predictive value of digoxin and furosemide treatment for identifying patients receiving treatment for CHF was 94%. Seventy-six percent of patients identified by physicians as CHF patients who were taking digoxin and furosemide were treated with an ACE inhibitor. Thirty-six percent of patients treated with an ACE inhibitor for CHF received the targeted dosage. Four physicians stated that the outreach visit influenced their prescribing, but there was no significant difference in ACE inhibitor prescribing between the intervention and control groups. A pharmacist outreach program involving the use of prescription records and academic detailing did not affect prescribing or dosages of ACE inhibitors but demonstrated value as a quality assurance tool.

lasix tabs

Delirium may be induced by a variety of reasons, among them drugs and in particular the combination of drugs. In elderly people a delirium is often misinterpreted as dementia. Anticholinergic activity is the mode of action by which drugs cause delirium. Antipsychotic drugs, antidepressants, antihistamines, and of course anticholinergic drugs themselves are the major anticholinergic classes of drugs. In addition some opioids have anticholinergic effects. Other drugs may induce delirium by dehydration (loop diuretics like furosemide) or sedation (benzodiazapines like lorazepam). Elderly people are at especially high risk to develop delirium, because of the multitude of drugs often prescribed to them, because they tend to drink to little, and because their brain is more sensitive to psychoactive drugs.

lasix 300 mg

A state-of-the-art clinical computing system was investigated to test the hypothesis of whether a completely and predictably absorbed loop diuretic (torasemide) offers clinical advantages over a diuretic that is poorly and erratically absorbed (furosemide).

lasix normal dosage

Using local intra-arterial administration of losartan, a selective angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor antagonist, we examined the contribution of endogenous angiotensin II to the maintenance of basal and sympathetically stimulated vascular tone in the forearm of healthy man under conditions of sodium repletion and depletion. The effects of losartan on responses to exogenous angiotensin I, angiotensin II, bradykinin and noradrenaline were also determined.

lasix 4 mg

1896 prescriptions for diuretics prescribed by GPs during two months.

lasix overdose

To evaluate the secretory regulation of 19-hydroxyandrostenedione (19-OH-AD), its plasma concentration was measured before and after stimulation and inhibition tests for the ACTH-adrenal axis and the renin-angiotensin system in 50 normal subjects. Basal levels of plasma 19-OH-AD did not correlate with either those of plasma renin activity (PRA) or the plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC), but positively correlated with those of plasma cortisol. Plasma 19-OH-AD was stimulated by 0.25 mg ACTH-(1-24) and was suppressed by 1 mg dexamethasone (DEX) as were plasma cortisol and PAC. On the other hand, with 2-h standing alone or iv 40 mg furosemide plus 2-h standing, plasma 19-OH-AD and cortisol did not increase but PRA and PAC did. With iv furosemide plus 2-h standing with 3 mg DEX pretreatment, plasma 19-OH-AD and cortisol did not respond either, but PRA and PAC increased. With 25 mg oral captopril following 1-h standing with 3 mg DEX pretreatment, plasma 19-OH-AD and cortisol did not change but PAC decreased. These results indicate that the secretion of 19-OH-AD is mainly under the control of the ACTH-adrenal axis rather than the renin-angiotensin system.

lasix 40mg tablet

Subjects with ADHF within 12 hours of hospital admission were randomly assigned to continuous infusion or twice daily bolus therapy with furosemide. There were three co-primary endpoints assessed from admission to discharge: the mean paired changes in serum creatinine, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and reduction in B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP). Secondary endpoints included the rate of acute kidney injury (AKI), change in body weight and six months follow-up evaluation after discharge.

lasix oral medication

LC-MS/MS analysis showed that chlorothiazide typically eluted at 2.6 minutes and furosemide at 4.8 minutes. Each compound was degraded by exposure to strong ultraviolet light in a time-dependent manner. Both unmixed and mixed solutions retained over 90% of the original concentrations of chlorothiazide and furosemide for up to 96 hours. Furosemide and chlorothiazide are commonly used concomitantly to maximize diuresis in pediatric patients; the study findings suggest that solutions of furosemide and chlorothiazide can be combined in the same syringe without loss of stability for up to 96 hours.

lasix tablets

In African-American patients with CHF, hypovitaminosis D, aldosteronism, and loop diuretic treatment each exaggerate Ca and Mg losses to stress a fragile Ca balance leading to ionized hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia with SHPT.

lasix 5 mg

A 28-year-old white female with primary infertility on hMG (Pergonal; Serono Laboratories, Randolph, MA) therapy.

lasix reviews

The objective of this study was to determine which of the many risk factors for nephrocalcinosis (NC) in preterm infants are most relevant.

lasix generic picture

Participants' median baseline IVC diameter was 2.38 cm (interquartile range, 1.91-2.55 cm). At 1-2 hours after furosemide, IVC diameters decreased an average of 0.21 cm (95% CI, 0.13-0.29 cm) and remained significantly below baseline at 2-3 hours after furosemide by an average of 0.15 cm (95% CI, 0.07-0.22 cm).

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Although ingestion of granulated chlorine is rare in veterinary patients, the resulting disease processes are common and can be treated successfully.

lasix generic brand

Previous studies, which have mostly focused on concentrated NaCl solution intake, have suggested sodium depletion may be accompanied with salt taste sensory changes. To further investigate whether the function of the salt taste system changes in different patterns for highly concentrated and diluted NaCl taste stimuli, the effects of sodium depletion on NaCl taste detection threshold in rats were examined. After a conditioned taste aversion (CTA) to a suprathreshold concentration of NaCl (0.1 M) was established, rats were given a series of two-bottle choice tests between distilled water and different concentrations of NaCl. Conditioned rats will generalize the aversion to diluted solutions when they are detected. The taste detection threshold for NaCl is defined as the lowest concentration at which there is a reliable difference in the preference scores between conditioned and control subjects. The results showed that detection threshold for NaCl lay between 0.003 M and 0.005 M in sodium-replete rats, whereas in sodium-depleted rats that have an amplified action of angiotensin II in the brain, the threshold significantly decreased to be between 0.0001 M and 0.0003 M. However, in rats with a blocked action of angiotensin II in the brain the decreased NaCl detection threshold was between 0.001 M and 0.003 M. These findings suggest that sodium-depleted rats could decrease the NaCl taste detection threshold to increase the ability to find sodium ions. And the regulation of the salt taste sensitivity may be related to the action of angiotensin II in brain.

300 mg lasix

Several studies have shown that treatment with various neurotrophins protects spiral ganglion cells (SGCs) from degeneration in hair-cell deprived cochleas. In most of these studies the neurotrophins are delivered by means of intracochlear delivery methods. Recently, other application methods that might be more suited in cochlear implant patients have been developed. We have examined if round window membrane application of gelfoam infiltrated with a neurotrophin resulted in SGC survival in deafened guinea pigs. Two weeks after deafening, gelfoam cubes infiltrated with 6 μg of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) were deposited onto the round window membrane of the right cochleas. Electric pulses were delivered through an electrode positioned within the round window niche to electrically evoke auditory brainstem responses (eABRs). Two or four weeks after deposition of the gelfoam all cochleas were histologically examined. We found that local BDNF treatment enhances the survival of SGCs in the basal cochlear turn after two and four weeks. The treatment had no effect on SGC size or shape. In animals treated with BDNF, eABR amplitudes were smaller than in normal-hearing control animals and similar to those in deafened controls. We conclude that BDNF delivered by means of local gelfoam application provides a protective effect, which is limited compared to intracochlear delivery methods.

lasix 20mg cost

dry skin, peripheral/periorbital oedema, slow thought and speaking, thyroid increased. Laboratory examinations: high levels of creatine kinase , creatinine, uric acid and lactate dehydrogenase. Free T4 was very low (<0.3 ng/dL) and thyroid-stimulating hormone was high (21.7 µIU/mL). Urinalysis showed haem pigment without haematuria. We performed the diagnosis of AKI secondary to hypothyroidism-induced rhabdomyolysis. Intravenous fluids were started, urinary alkalisation and increased l-thyroxine dose replacement. On the day after admission, forced diuresis with furosemide was introduced leading to a progressive improvement of symptoms. Although hypothyroidism and AKI is unusual, it should be suspected in patients presenting decrease of renal function and high creatine kinase in the absence of other causes of rhabdomyolysis.

lasix 3169 pill

To systematically review clinical studies of co-administration of albumin and loop diuretics in hypoalbuminemic patients as a strategy to overcome diuretic resistance.

lasix dosage

It is important to be aware of the influence that medications can have on serum calcium levels when evaluating patients with disorders of calcium homeostasis.

lasix dosage elderly

We studied 20 patients treated with furosemide and spironolactone. Of them, 10 (Group 1) discontinued diuretic treatment for 7 days. Thereafter, for 5 days each patient received subcutaneous octreotide 300 microg b.i.d., in 10 patients (Group 2) in addition to their usual diuretics. We collected data on the patients while they received diuretics (both groups), after discontinuation of diuretics (Group 1), and after octreotide administration (both groups).

lasix 120 mg

It was hypothesized that the addition of tolvaptan to a background diuretic improved dyspnea early in patients selected for an enhanced vasopressin antagonism response.

lasix recommended dosage

Renal R2* measurements were shown to be reproducible within approximately 12% from day to day based on a coefficient of variance (CV) analysis. The changes in R2* (DeltaR2*) following administration of furosemide were statistically significant, as shown by ANOVA and a paired Student's t-test, and were deemed reliable based on the reliable change index (RCI). However, DeltaR2* values following waterload were not statistically significant, and were not deemed reliable.

lasix daily dosage

A high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method was proposed for the simultaneous determination of four drugs for kidney disease, enalapril, triamterene, furosemide and valsartan. After proteins being removed by acetone precipitation method, freeze drying and redissolving in mobile phase, the urine samples were analyzed by HPLC. Chromatographic separation was performed on a WondaSil C18-WR (150 mm x 4.6 mm, 5 μm) in gradient elution mode using 10.0 mmol/L ammonium acetate aqueous solution (pH 3.90) and acetonitrile as mobile phases at a flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The detection wavelength was set at 254 nm. Under the optimized conditions, good linearities were obtained in the range of 0.15-300 mg/L, 0.05-100 mg/L, 0.75-750 mg/L, 0.05-100 mg/L, and the detection limits were 1.38 x 10(-2), 7. 67x103, 3.69x 10-2, 1. 16x 10-2 mg/L for enalapril, triamterene, furosemide and valsartan, respectively. The recoveries were in the range of 89.49%-99.20% with the relative standard deviations (RSDs) among 4.12%-9.44%. The method is simple, accurate and effective, and the results showed the method is applicable for the analysis of the four drugs for kidney diseases in real urine samples.

lasix 500mg tablet

Among the patients, 52 (54.2%) had RCHF and 44 (45.8%) did not. Atrial fibrillation was present in 88% of group A and 76% of group B (p = NS). Group A patients had a significantly larger right ventricular area, right atrial area and IVC diameter than group B patients, but a significantly smaller variation in IVC diameter during respiration (11.2 +/- 8.5% versus 24.3 +/- 14.1%, p = 0.001). Right ventricular systolic function and systolic pulmonary pressure were similar in the two groups. On multivariate analysis, respiratory-related variation in IVC diameter (p <0.001) and systolic pulmonary artery pressure (p = 0.04) were the only independent echocardiographic markers of RCHE CONCLUSION: Diminished respiratory variation in IVC diameter and systolic pulmonary artery pressure are independent markers of volume overload in patients with severe TR. These findings may reflect exhaustion of IVC capacitance due to markedly increased right heart filling pressures, though intrinsic changes in IVC tonus may also be involved.

lasix 60 mg

The aim of the study was to compare sequential versus combined diuretic therapy in patients with cirrhosis, moderate ascites and without renal failure.

lasix 80 mg

To determine if intensivists given PAC data from critically ill patients make uniform management choices.

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We emphasize the importance of early detection of primary and satellite lesions of these tumors including neurohumoral markers and PET/CT scans as in this case, as well as the participation of a multidisciplinary team.

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In the BNP-driven group, furosemide and acetazolamide were given more often and in higher doses than in the control group, resulting in a more negative median (interquartile range) fluid balance during weaning (-2,320 [-4,735, 738] vs. -180 [-2,556, 2,832] ml; P < 0.0001). Time to successful extubation was significantly shorter with the BNP-driven strategy (58.6 [23.3, 139.8] vs. 42.4 [20.8, 107.5] h; P = 0.034). The BNP-driven strategy increased the number of ventilator-free days but did not change length of stay or mortality. The effect on weaning time was strongest in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction. The two strategies did not differ significantly regarding electrolyte imbalance, renal failure, or shock.

lasix cost

To analyze interdependent transport of K and Cl, we investigated Rb (K) efflux from in vitro choroid plexus (CP) in isotonic artificial CSF (aCSF) medium containing anions or agents that alter KCl transport. Lateral ventricle CP was loaded with 86Rb for release to enable calculation of the efflux rate coefficient, k. With Cl as the main anion in control aCSF, the k value for 86Rb (K) in CP of 1 week infant rats (0.177 min-1) was 19% lower than in adults (0.218 min-1) (P < 0.005). Replacing CSF Cl with NO3 or SCN, respectively, reduced k for K in infant CP by 73% and 43%; similar anion selectivity was observed in adult tissues (P < 0.05). N-Ethylmaleimide (NEM), which stimulates KCI cotransport, significantly enhanced K efflux in infants and adults. In adult CP, the KCl cotransport inhibitor, furosemide (1 mM), decreased K efflux by 23% or 65%, respectively, when aCSF had Cl or NO3 as the main anion. In infant rat CP, 0.1 mM bumetanide (another KCl cotransport inhibitor), reduced k for K by 65%, whereas the Cl channel blocker diphenylamine carboxylate (1 mM) did not significantly alter K efflux. The collective findings for rat CP indicate a substantial component of K efflux that is associated with Cl concentration and the Cl transport protein sensitive to loop diuretics and NEM. The Cl-dependent K efflux is present in infants.

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Furosemide treatment significantly increased mass-specific VO2max (5.3%), but absolute VO2max was not significantly altered. In the 2 parts of the study, body weights were 2.9 and 2.5% higher when horses were given placebo than when they were given furosemide. Time and distance run at speeds > or = 11.0 m/s were significantly greater following furosemide administration. Furosemide treatment had no effect on breathing mechanics or gas exchange.

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lasix 60 mg 2016-01-11

Pharmacological characterization of peripheral type benzodiazepine receptors in rat, rabbit, mouse and human salivary glands was determined by receptor binding and photoaffinity labeling analysis using [3H]PK14105 (1-(2-fluoro-5-nitrophenyl)-3-isoquinolinecarboxylic acid). [3H]PK14105 bound to the membranes of salivary glands in rats, rabbits, mice and humans with high affinity at the nanomolar level. The rank order of receptor density in submandibular glands among several species was as follows: human > or = rat > or = mouse > rabbit. Competitive potency of receptor ligands against [3H]PK14105 was as follows: PK1195 > or = Ro5-4864 > diazepam > clonazepam > Ro15-1788. The rank order of potency against calcium channel ligands and co-transport inhibitors was as follows: nitrendipine > BAY K 8644 > bumetanide > furosemide. Pretreatment with nitrendipine or BAY K 8644 decreased the affinity of [3H]PK14105 binding to rat parotid gland membranes, without changing the density. The photoaffinity labeling with [3H]PK14105 indicated the presence of the 18-kDa protein in all salivary glands of our experiment. The inhibition of photolabeling by some receptor ligands was the same results as the receptor binding assay. In conclusion, the peripheral type benzodiazepine receptors include the 18-kDa protein photolabeled with [3H]PK14105 in buy lasix online salivary glands of rat, mouse, rabbit and human.

300 mg lasix 2015-07-08

Inpatient and outpatient use of potentially cross-reactive drugs was observed in 52% of patients, although numerous patients were unable to give an accurate allergy history. No adverse effects were reported or buy lasix online documented with outpatient or inpatient sulfonamide nonantibiotic use, even among patients with histories of life-threatening reactions to sulfonamides.

lasix dosage elderly 2016-08-24

Coadministration of HA potentiates the action of FU in patients with buy lasix online the nephrotic syndrome, but only modestly. This effect is mediated by changes in renal hemodynamics.

lasix oral dosage 2015-05-31

Among the patients, 52 (54.2%) had RCHF and 44 (45.8%) did not. Atrial fibrillation was present in 88% of group A and 76% of group B (p = NS). Group A patients had a significantly larger right ventricular area, right atrial area and buy lasix online IVC diameter than group B patients, but a significantly smaller variation in IVC diameter during respiration (11.2 +/- 8.5% versus 24.3 +/- 14.1%, p = 0.001). Right ventricular systolic function and systolic pulmonary pressure were similar in the two groups. On multivariate analysis, respiratory-related variation in IVC diameter (p <0.001) and systolic pulmonary artery pressure (p = 0.04) were the only independent echocardiographic markers of RCHE CONCLUSION: Diminished respiratory variation in IVC diameter and systolic pulmonary artery pressure are independent markers of volume overload in patients with severe TR. These findings may reflect exhaustion of IVC capacitance due to markedly increased right heart filling pressures, though intrinsic changes in IVC tonus may also be involved.

lasix dosage forms 2016-04-09

1. In the basolateral membrane preparation of the rat enterocyte (jejunal tract) there is not only the well-known (Na,K)-ATPase activity, but also a ouabain-insensitive Na-ATPase. 2. The Na-ATPase is not activated buy lasix online by anions or other monovalent cations. As a substrate, ATP cannot be replaced by other nucleotides. 3. The Na-ATPase is insensitive to ouabain and bumetanide, inhibited partially by furosemide and totally by ethacrynate. 4. The activation of Na-ATPase at different Na concentrations shows an hyperbolic curve (Km = 15.7 +/- 2.3 mM and Vmax = 204 +/- 19 nmoles Pi/mg protein per min) different from the sigmoidal curve (Km = 9.8 +/- 1.2 mM and Vmax = 640 +/- 15 nmoles Pi/mg protein per min) shown by (Na,K)-ATPase. 5. These results are compared with the corresponding ones found in other animals and tissues in which the Na-ATPase was found. 6. The Na-ATPase activity can be interpreted as the enzymatic correspondent of a ouabain-insensitive Na pump, present in the basolateral membrane of the enterocyte different in behaviour with respect to the known Na pump.

lasix 600 mg 2017-02-02

In patients with CHF, venodilation occurs within minutes of the administration of intravenous dose of furosemide. Our observation that aspirin inhibits this effect further questions the use of buy lasix online aspirin in patients with CHF.

lasix 20 mg 2017-02-07

The buy lasix online role of cyclooxygenase(COX)-1 and COX-2 in the saluretic and renin-angiotensin responses to loop diuretics in the cat is unknown. We propose in vivo characterisation of isoform roles in a furosemide model by administering non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) with differing selectivity profiles: robenacoxib (COX-2 selective) and ketoprofen (COX-1 selective).

lasix medication 2016-01-18

Escherichia coli may produce a heat-labile enterotoxin (LT) or two heat-stable enterotoxins (STa, STb). STb consistently causes secretion in vivo in 5-hr weaned-pig intestinal loops (P less than .0001). In Ussing chambers in vitro, crude culture filtrates of STb initiate a prompt increase in short circuit current (SCC; buy lasix online P less than or equal to .0001) and potential difference (P less than or equal to .0001) when compared with nontoxigenic culture filtrates. In bidirectional in vitro studies of ion flux (22Na and 36Cl), STb did not alter 22Na or 36Cl unidirectional or net fluxes. The calculated residual ion flux increased significantly (P less than .03), however, in tissues treated with STb and fully accounted for the STb-induced increase in SCC. Measurement of the electrolyte content of ligated intestinal segments in vivo further suggested that STb stimulated bicarbonate secretion. Relative to controls, significant accumulation of Na and Cl also occurred intraluminally in vivo. These data indicate that STb is a unique enterotoxin that causes net secretion in pig jejunum in vivo. In vitro and in vivo studies show that STb stimulates active secretion of nonchloride anion. We postulate that STb causes active bicarbonate secretion in weaned-piglet jejunum.

lasix normal dose 2015-02-21

Neonatal capsaicin treatment has been reported to impair the excretory function of the kidney in the rat. The present study evaluated the effect on urine excretion of the neurotoxin resiniferatoxin, an extremely potent structural analogue of capsaicin. Neonatal resiniferatoxin treatment (30 micrograms/kg) markedly reduced diuresis, natriuresis and kaliuresis in adult rats, in response to intragastric saline or water load and to furosemide administration, as well as in basal conditions. The effect of resiniferatoxin was more pronounced and long-lasting than that observed in previous studies following neonatal capsaicin treatment (50 mg/kg). On the other hand, administration of resiniferatoxin in adult rats did not affect urine excretion, suggesting that afferent fibers resistant to the neurotoxin treatment during adulthood, buy lasix online might be involved in the effect. The results of the present study are in keeping with the hypothesis that neuropeptides-containing capsaicin-sensitive sensory neurons might be involved in the physiological modulation of the kidney function.

lasix usual dosage 2015-04-08

Children with congenital heart disease who undergo cardiac surgery are vulnerable to acute kidney injury (AKI). This study sought to evaluate the role of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and other nephrotoxic medications in the risk for the development of AKI in neonates and children undergoing cardiac surgery. A retrospective review of all patients younger than 2 years admitted to the cardiac intensive care unit after cardiac surgery from March 2007 to September 2008 was conducted. Patients were included in the review if they received furosemide alone or in combination with an ACE inhibitor. Creatinine clearance was calculated, and the patient's maximal degree of AKI was classified by pRIFLE. A P value less than 0.05 was considered significant. Of the 319 patients who met the inclusion criteria, 149 (47%) received furosemide therapy alone and 170 (53%) received a combination of furosemide and an ACE inhibitor. Patients in the furosemide-only group (age, 5 months) were older than the patients buy lasix online who received both furosemide and an ACE inhibitor (age, 3.8 months; P = 0.024). Despite statistically higher Aristotle scores in the ACE-inhibitor group, the intraoperative variables did not differ between the two groups. Postoperatively, the ACE-inhibitor group had a decreased creatinine clearance (55.3 ml/min/1.73 m(2)) compared with the furosemide group (64.4 ml/min/1.73 m(2); P = 0.015) and an increased incidence of a pRIFLE maximal score of "F" (odds ratio [OR], 1.75; P = 0.033). However, after adjustment for additional risk factors, no difference in the occurrence of AKI resulted (OR, 0.939; P = 0.85) when patients received an ACE inhibitor. More than half of the study population received ACE inhibitors, but this treatment was not associated with an increase in AKI.

lasix 120 mg 2017-06-22

The present study was undertaken to examine whether there was a time-dependent change in the toxic effects of amikacin, an aminoglycoside, on renal functions. Male Wistar rats buy lasix online were maintained under conditions of light from 7 am to 7 pm and dark from 7 pm to 7 am. Amikacin (1.2 g/kg) was injected intraperitoneally to animals at 4 am, 10 am, 4 pm or 10 pm. Glomerular function estimated by creatinine clearance (Clcr) and tubular function estimated by urinary excretion of a loop diuretic, furosemide, which was excreted in urine mainly by tubular secretion, were determined before and 24 hours after amikacin injection. The values of these parameters were reduced by amikacin at each observation point. The magnitude of these decrements was greatest at 4 pm both for Clcr and urinary furosemide excretion. These results suggest that the toxic effects of amikacin on renal glomerular and tubular functions vary with its time of administration.

lasix online 2015-01-02

Prenatal administration of dexamethasone and a low-protein diet has been shown to result in hypertension in the offspring when they are adults. The cause for the hypertension is unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine whether there was prenatal programming of thick ascending limb transport. Rats were administered either dexamethasone for 4 days (0.2 mg/kg body wt) by intraperitoneal injection daily between the 15th and 18th day of gestation, or they were fed a low-protein diet (6% protein) or an isocaloric normal protein diet (20% protein) from day 12 gestation until birth. The offspring were studied as adults. Prenatal dexamethasone and dietary protein deprivation resulted in an increase in blood pressure. Offspring of mothers fed a low-protein diet had an increase in medullary but not cortical bumetanide-sensitive Na-K-2Cl cotransporter (NKCC2) protein abundance (P < 0.01). There was not a statistically significant increase in medullary NKCC2 by prenatal dexamethasone (P = 0.07). Both prenatal administration of dexamethasone and a low-protein diet resulted in an increase in medullary thick ascending limb chloride transport compared with control (298 +/- 33 pmoles x mm(-1) x min(-1), 280 +/- 26 pmoles x mm(-1) x min(-1), and 191 +/- 21 pmoles x mm(-1) x min(-1), respectively P < 0.05). There was a higher lumen-positive transepithelial potential difference in the prenatal dexamethasone and low-protein group compared with control as well. Administration of furosemide for 24 h resulted in a decrease in blood pressure in the low-protein group but not the control group. This study demonstrates that insults administered to the fetus can program altered sodium transport. Increased tubular sodium transport is a likely cause for the hypertension by prenatal buy lasix online programming.

lasix buy 2015-05-05

In 111 patients with left ventricular ejection fraction < or =30% who required hospitalization for heart failure, we examined the association between outpatient dose of diuretic agents and all-cause mortality. In comparison to patients who were not on treatment with diuretics prior to hospitalization, patients being treated with 'low' doses of diuretics (<80 mg/day of furosemide) and those being treated with 'high' doses of diuretics (> or =80 mg/day of furosemide) were more likely to die during follow-up after adjustment for other clinical parameters (adjusted relative buy lasix online risks, RR, 3.1 and 4.6).

lasix drug 2016-04-26

The present studies in perfused specimens of the juxtaglomerular apparatus microdissected from rabbit kidneys were performed to quantitatively evaluate the relation between macula densa NaCl concentration and renin secretion and to study the effect of furosemide and verapamil on NaCl dependency of renin release. Renin secretion was found to decrease Trental Y Alcohol exponentially when macula densa NaCl concentration was increased from 26/7 mmol/L (Na/Cl) to 46/27, 66/47, and 86/67 mmol/L. Increasing Na/Cl concentrations from 86/67 to 106/87 mmol/L had no further effect on renin secretion. [Cl]1/2, the chloride concentration producing the half-maximal effect, was 30 mmol/L. Addition of 50 mumol/L furosemide to the luminal fluid caused renin secretion to become essentially independent of macula densa NaCl concentration. This effect was due to both an increase of renin secretion at high NaCl concentrations and a decrease of renin release at low NaCl concentrations. Verapamil added to the superfusate at a concentration of 1 mumol/L also abolished NaCl dependency of renin secretion; most of this effect was due to an increase of renin release at high luminal NaCl. These results suggest that Na-2Cl-K cotransport and calcium flux through voltage-gated channels are two mechanisms required for the expression of NaCl-dependent renin release. Identification of the cellular localizations of these two critical membrane proteins in the renin control pathway requires further study.

3 mg lasix 2015-01-12

Sodium (Na) ingestion in rats depleted of Na is a strong, motivated behavior that is enhanced further when depleted rats are sham drinking. Dopamine plays a critical role in motivation, including reward associated with consumption of palatable tastes. The present studies assessed the role of dopamine in real and sham drinking of NaCl solutions after Na depletion with the diuretic furosemide (10 mg/kg). Dopamine (D2) receptor antagonists were evaluated (Haloperidol [0.1 mg/kg] and raclopride [0.2 mg/kg]), for their effects on sham and real drinking of 0.3 M NaCl. Sham drinking was markedly reduced by both antagonists whereas Moduretic Medication real drinking was unaffected. These effects did not appear to be due to malaise or suppression of motor behavior because drug-treated animals were able to increase ingestion substantially when offered less concentrated NaCl (0.1 M). These results suggest that the positive motivating properties of NaCl stimulation in depleted, sham-drinking rats are mediated by central D2 receptors.

lasix 40mg tablet 2015-03-09

The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of repeated oral administration of furosemide were studied in patients with chronic renal failure or nephrotic syndrome using three different dosage regimens (4 x 40, 4 x 80 and 4 x 250 mg/d). Concentrations of the unchanged drug in serum and urine were measured fluorometrically. The elimination kinetics of furosemide was linear over the dose range studied. In contrast, the bioavailability of this diuretic decreased with increasing doses. The diuretic effects of all three dosage regimens were Imdur 240 Mg distinct only on the first day of therapy, thereafter decreasing rapidly. It can be concluded that the hormonal regulation of water and electrolyte balance are responsible for this behavior rather than pharmacokinetics. Creatinine and urea nitrogen excretion were not influenced by any furosemide dosage regimen.

lasix overdose 2016-11-14

Corticosteroids are used in various clinical conditions that include many immune-mediated inflammatory diseases. Different side effects were described including cardiac arrhythmias. Most of those arrhythmias were in the form of bradycardia which usually occurs with high intravenous steroid doses. More significant arrhythmias and cardiac arrest were also described. In this report we describe a case of Aciphex Cost Comparison bradycardia that developed after the use of oral corticosteroids.

lasix 240 mg 2015-09-24

Subphthalocyaninatoboron(III) was applied for the first time as a novel marker-tag of testosterone (Subpc-test) for the binding analysis with human serum albumin (HSA) at a liquid/liquid interface. The binding interaction of Subpc-test with HSA at the n-hexane/water interface was studied by UV-visible absorption and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy combined with a centrifugal liquid membrane cell at different pHs of aqueous solutions. Complementary studies by a high-speed stirring experiment and an interfacial tension measurement were also performed to characterize the interfacial adsorptivity of Subpc-test and HSA molecules, respectively. The n-hexane solution of Subpc-test showed no optical chirality, but the contact with Asacol Low Cost the aqueous solution of HSA induced its optical chirality, clearly suggesting the formation of Subpc-test/HSA complexes at the n-hexane/water interface. Furthermore, pH profiles of CD signals showed that the interaction between Subpc-test and HSA was very sensitive to the neutral-to-base transition (N-B transition). Interfacial formation of the Subpc-test/HSA complex was studied in the presence of the site-selective ligand, furosemide (site I) or cefaclor (site II). The experimental results suggested that Subpc-test is bound to site I of the HSA molecule at the n-hexane/water interface. This technique using subphthalocyanine as a tag molecule and the liquid/liquid interface as a two-dimensional nanoreaction field will be useful for the evaluation of the interaction between drugs or hormones and proteins.

lasix 30 mg 2017-08-02

General medical ward of a Buspar Medication Classification teaching community hospital.

lasix 100 mg 2016-05-05

According to the Singapore National Health Survey (NHS) of 2010, the population of the Republic of Singapore was 5.076,700, comprising four ethnic groups: Chinese (74.1%), Malays (13.4%), Indians (9.2%), and others (3.3%). The National Health Survey for 2016 is under way and due to be published in 2017. From the six-yearly national health surveys, the crude prevalence of clinical hypertension (HTn), defined as a sustained blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mmHg, in Singaporean residents aged 30 to 69 years rose from 22.2% in 1992 to 27.3% in 1998, but declined to 24.9% (2004) and to 23.5% in 2010.The NHS of 2010 demonstrated that 18.9% of residents aged 18 to 69 years (an age band of 52 years) had hypertension. Its data show that the age-specific prevalence of HTn rises in a pronounced way from the Norvasc Overdose Symptoms age of 40 years (16.7%) onwards. The age-specific prevalence of the disorder was 53.4% in persons aged 60-69 years, compared with 7.6% in those aged 30-39 years.The 2010 NHS showed, as have surveys in many other industrial nations, that more men (prevalence = 26.4%) than women (20.7%) have HTn. A disproportionate number of Malays and Indians have HTn, compared with Chinese persons.A breakdown of the crude prevalence data from the 2010 NHS shows that the greatest prevalence of hypertension among persons aged 30-69 years occurred in Malay women (29.8%), Chinese men (27.2%), and Malay men (26.0%).Information from a National Nutrition Survey (NNS) in 2010 conducted by the Health Promotion Board, a unit of the Ministry of Health (MoH) in Singapore, showed that the overall dietary intake of sodium chloride (common salt) was 8500 mg (8.5 grams) per day in residents aged 30-69 years (Table 1).The dietary intake of sodium chloride was estimated by measuring the total amount of sodium in a 24-hour collection of urine. The urinary concentration of sodium was measured using a sodium-ion selective electrode. Men consumed significantly more salt than women. There was a noticeable reduction in the daily dietary salt intake between the age group 40-49 years (9000 mg) and those aged 60-69 years (7700 mg). The Indian and Chinese respondents in the Survey consumed more salt, 8700 and 8500 mg/day respectively, than the Malays (7600 mg/day).A study led by Associate Professor Rob Martinus Van Dam in the School of Public Health, National University of Singapore, is addressing the validation and calibration of a technique to estimate the 24-hour urinary content of sodium from measurements of sodium concentration in a spot urine sample. The technique is intended to raise the accuracy of spot urine sampling.It is difficult to interpret the significance of the decreased daily intake of salt in older persons, aged 50 to 69, in the face of the greater prevalence of hypertension in these age bands (31.9% in those aged 50-59 years, and 53.4% in those aged 60-69). For instance, some older persons might ingest less dietary sodium, or the net renal tubular excretion of sodium in the urine might decrease between age 50 and 69 years without any change in dietary sodium intake.Moreover, the treatment of hypertension in persons aged 50 to 69 years is likely to include diuretic agents, both thiazide drugs, and loop diuretics such as furosemide and bumetanide. In most hypertensive patients, long-term treatment with diuretics exposes older persons to a risk of hyponatraemia, hypokalemia, or both. The latter conditions result from a net increase in the urinary excretion of sodium and potassium (apart from increased free water excretion). Such diuretic-related loss of sodium in the urine also needs to be factored into the estimation of dietary sodium intake by means of 24-hour urinary sodium output.The increased prescription of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone blocking drugs to control HTn further confounds the estimation of dietary sodium intake from 24-hour urine collections. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin-receptor blockers, both reduce the sodium- and water-retaining effects of aldosterone. Their effects on the urinary sodium content of older hypertensive patients also need consideration.The 2010 NHS showed a treated BP of < 140/90 mmHg was achieved in 69.1% of hypertensive patients. This was an improvement over the 52.9% of patients treated to target in 2004. However, as the 2010 NHS showed that about 26.3% of hypertensive persons were undiagnosed in the community, the 'successfully treated' proportion of hypertensive persons was actually 69.1% of 73.7%, i.e. 50.9% of the pool of known hypertensive persons.The concerted program of prevention and management of HTn in Singapore applies the principles of early detection via BP screening in persons aged 18+ years, and of good treatment within the complex of cardiovascular risk factors (+ diabetes mellitus, obesity, physical inactivity, dyslipidaemia, smoking, obstructive sleep apnoea, etc). Medisave money from each working person's central provident fund may be used to help pay for outpatient costs of antihypertensive treatment.Regardless of the confounded relation between dietary salt intake and HTn observed from NHS 2010 and NNS 2010, the MoH Clinical Practice Guidelines for Hypertension will contain advice to family physicians as well as hospital specialists to urge patients to cut their dietary intake of salt towards a moderate amount of 5000 to 6000 mg per day. Readily accessible methods of patient prompting and education include digital apps on smartphones and tablet computers, in a society in which mobile phones are owned by about 94% of the community.

lasix 40 mg 2015-02-23

Ultrastructural 3-D analysis of nucleolar architecture and Ag-NOR protein distribution in mouse kidney-cortex proximal-tubule epithelium has been performed. A principal scheme of structural changes of the nucleolus and organization of its components during the intensification of pre-rRNA synthesis (dynamic model of a nucleolus) based on computer spatial modelling has been advanced. According to the nucleolar composition, three groups of cells, which differ from each other by rRNA synthesis, are defined in normal kidney. Most nephron proximal-section cells (about 52%) are characterized by lower activity of RNA synthesis. Such kind of cells are defined as group I (nucleolar diameter 0.7-1.5 microm) and always contain resting, ring-shaped or close to ring-shaped dense nucleoli, which have 2 or 3 fibrillar centers. Nucleoli of group II cells (about 37%, nucleolar diameter 1.5-2.5 microm) have a higher level of activity, contain 4-7 fibrillar centers, and their structural organization is close to reticulated forms due to the first indications of vacuolar network (identified as prereticulated nucleoli). The most active cells of group III (about 11%, nucleolar diameter 2.5-3.5 microm) include cells with typical reticulated nucleoli with a well expressed vacuolar network and numerous fibrillar centers (18-22). Increased functional load of the epithelium caused by unilateral nephrectomy and diuretic (4-chlor-H [2-furylmethyl] 5-sulphamyl-antranic acid) injection changed the proportion of the different cell groups: group I decreased (about 25%), whereas groups II and III increased (about 8% and 17%, respectively). The increase of nucleolar activity first causes a deformation of the individual fibrillar centers as well as complication and growth of their surface. Further, a progressive fragmentation of the fibrillar centers and the growth of their total volume is observed. The complication and growth of the total volume of Ag-positive zones is another indication of the nucleolar activation. The vacuolar system develops by a gradual fusion of small isolated cavities into a united vacuolar network. Nucleoli with 2-7 fibrillar centers are considered to be intermediate forms reflecting successive stages of its activation or inactivation: from the resting ring-shaped nucleolus via transient stages of increasing functional activity to the active reticulated nucleoli and vice versa. The observed differences in the nucleolar ultrastructure are regarded as evidence of the functional heterogeneity of cell populations within one functional segment of nephron.

lasix 4 mg 2015-12-04

These data suggest that a SGLT2 inhibitor elicits its beneficial effects on glucose metabolism and hypertension in study participants with metabolic syndrome undergoing treatment with diuretics.

lasix pill identifier 2017-09-17

In contrast to the submandibular gland, the developing rat parotid gland shows refractoriness to cholinergic secretagogues until 2 wks of age. To assess the underlining mechanism of this refractoriness, I investigated changes in oxygen consumption as a function of animal age in slices from rat submandibular and parotid glands, measuring both basal and carbachol-stimulated levels. The oxygen consumption was determined by a direct manometric method in the Warburg apparatus. Carbachol-induced oxygen uptake in submandibular gland slices was observed by 1 day of age and reached the adult level of stimulation by 3 wks of age. In the parotid gland, carbachol failed to stimulate oxygen uptake in the early post-natal period, and the first response was detected at 2 wks of age, reaching the adult level at 4 wks of age. Para-fluorohexahydro-sila-diphenidol (pFHHSiD), a selective M3 antagonist, inhibited carbachol-induced oxygen uptake in both glands, while pirenzepine, a selective M1 antagonist, had no effect, suggesting that the M3 muscarinic receptors are involved in this process. The respiratory effect of carbachol, in both glands, was inhibitable by ouabain and, to a lesser extent, by furosemide, indicating that carbachol-enhanced oxygen uptake is due to Na,K-ATPase and that the furosemide-sensitive co-transport of Na+ entry is underdeveloped in immature cells. The ouabain-sensitive Na,K-ATPase activity in the parotid gland increased from birth until 28 days of age. At the time of parotid gland refractoriness to carbachol, Ca2+ ionophore A23187 caused an increase of oxygen uptake only in the presence of extracellular Ca2+. In the presence of carbachol, the effect of ionophore was significantly higher than that of ionophore alone. These results raise the possibility that the refractoriness of the parotid gland to carbachol is due to the inability of carbachol to increase Ca2+ uptake rather than to the lack of distal limb, which resides on the pathway from receptor stimulation to Na,K-ATPase activation.

lasix 6 mg 2016-02-15

We analyzed existing treatment strategies in distressing symptoms after discontinuation of mechanical ventilation.

lasix drug class 2016-06-16

Diuretics play an essential role in modern cardiovascular therapy, and are currently recommended for the treatment of congestive heart failure. Torasemide has been developed as a newer type of loop diuretic with a longer half-life, longer duration of action, and higher bioavailability compared to the most commonly used loop diuretic, furosemide. Torasemide also appears to have additional actions beyond the pure diuretic effect, such as anti-aldosterone effect and vasorelaxation effect. Studies have also investigated whether the superior pharmacokinetics and pharmacological activity of torasemide result in a favorable clinical outcome. Their results have indicated that, in comparison with furosemide, torasemide improves left ventricular function, reduces mortality as well as the frequency and duration of heart failure-related hospitalization, and improves quality of life, exercise tolerance and NYHA functional class in patients with congestive heart failure. Thus, torasemide appears to be a promising loop diuretic that contributes to a better management of patients with heart failure. Definitive clinical trials in a double-blind fashion are warranted.