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Detrol (Tolterodine)

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Detrol is an effective medication which helps to fight with overactive bladder with symptoms of urinary frequency, incontinence, urgency. Detrol acts by blocking the nerve impulses that prompt the bladder to contract.

Other names for this medication:

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Also known as:  Tolterodine.


Detrol is a perfect remedy, which helps to fight against overactive bladder with symptoms of urinary frequency, incontinence, urgency.

Detrol acts by blocking the nerve impulses that prompt the bladder to contract.

Detrol is also known as Tolterodine, Roliten, Detrusitol, Terol LA.

name of Detrol is Tolterodine Tartrate.

Brand names of Detrol are Detrol LA, Detrol.


Detrol can be taken in form of tablets, liquid pills, chewable pills, drops which should be taken by mouth.

Take Detrol tablets orally with or without food.

Do not crush or chew it.

Take Detrol at the same time with water.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Detrol suddenly.


If you overdose Detrol and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Symptoms of Detrol overdosage: feeling drowsy, blurred vision, dry eyes, coprostasis, dry mouth.


Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Detrol are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Do not take Detrol if you are allergic to Detrol components.

Do not take Detrol while you are pregnant or have nurseling.

Avoid alcohol.

Take Detrol with care if you are taking bepridil (Vascor),cisapride (Propulsid);chloroquine (Arelan) or halofantrine (Halfan);cyclosporine (Gengraf, Neoral, Sandimmune); narcotic medication such as levomethadyl (Orlaam); or methadone (Dolophine, Methadose);pentamidine (NebuPent, Pentam);vinblastine (Velban);antibiotics such as azithromycin (Zithromax), clarithromycin (Biaxin), dirithromycin (Dynabac), erythromycin (E-Mycin, E.E.S., Erythrocin, Ery-Tab), pentamidine (NebuPent, Pentam), sparfloxacin (Zagam), telithromycin (Ketek);medicines to treat psychiatric disorder, such as chlorpromazine (Thorazine), mesoridazine (Serentil) pimozide (Orap), or thioridazine (Mellaril); or heart rhythm medicine such as amiodarone (Cordarone, Pacerone), dofetilide (Tikosyn), disopyramide (Norpace), procainamide (Procan, Pronestyl), quinidine (Cardioquin, Quinaglute), or sotalol (Betapace), arsenic trioxide (Trisenox); haloperidol (Haldol), droperidol (Inapsine).

You should be careful when you are driving or operating machinery.

It can be dangerous to use Detrol if you suffer from or have a history of a blockage in your stomach or intestines, untreated or uncontrolled glaucoma, kidney disease, "Long QT syndrome", blockage of the urinary tract (difficulty urinating), liver disease.

It can be dangerous to stop Detrol taking suddenly.

detrol dosage info

We compared the tolerability and clinical efficacy of tolterodine with those of oxybutynin in patients with an overactive bladder using an upward oxybutynin dose titration strategy analogous to that used in routine clinical practice in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland.

detrol la capsule

Micturition diary variables: number of micturitions per 24 hours, number of urge incontinence episodes per 24 hours, mean urine volume voided per micturition. Safety variables: adverse events, study discontinuation rate.

detrol in generic

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of nighttime dosing with tolterodine extended release (TER) in men with overactive bladder (OAB) and nocturia.

detrol mg

There has been some controversy over whether the 25-hydroxylation of vitamin D(3) is carried out by one enzyme or two and whether this cytochrome P450 enzyme is found in the mitochondrial or microsomal fractions of liver. The pig is currently the only species in which both the microsomal 25-hydroxylase (CYP2D25) and the mitochondrial 25-hydroxylase (CYP27A1) have been cloned and characterized. In this paper, the roles of the two enzymes in 25-hydroxylation of vitamin D(3) are examined in primary cultures of hepatocytes. Inhibition experiments indicated that tolterodine and 7 alpha-hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one were selective inhibitors of the CYP2D25- and CYP27A-mediated 25-hydroxylation of vitamin D(3), respectively. Addition of each inhibitor to primary hepatocytes decreased the total 25-hydroxylation of vitamin D(3) to about the same extent. No inhibition of other hydroxylase activities tested was found. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate down-regulated the expression of both CYP2D25 and CYP27A1 as well as the 25-hydroxylase activity of the hepatocytes. The results implicate that both CYP2D25 and CYP27A1 contribute to the 25-hydroxylation in hepatocytes and are important in the bioactivation of vitamin D(3).

detrol drug interactions

Analysis of the primary efficacy outcome did not reveal a statistically significant effect of treatment. However, secondary analyses demonstrated that tolterodine was well tolerated among 5 to 10-year-old children with diurnal incontinence. Exploratory analyses also showed that children weighing 35 kg or less with detrusor overactivity characterized by incontinence and/or frequent voiding benefited most from tolterodine treatment, suggesting that a weight adjusted dosing regimen may be required for optimal response among older and heavier children.

detrol dosing information

Patients with urinary frequency (eight or more micturitions per 24 hours) and urge incontinence (five or more episodes per week) were randomized to oral treatment with tolterodine extended release 4 mg once daily (n=398) or placebo (n=374) for 12 weeks. Efficacy was assessed by use of patient perception evaluations.

detrol pill identify identifier: NCT00688688.

detrol similar drugs

Data from 293 patients were obtained from a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial in Japan of oxybutynin and tolterodine in patients with symptoms of an overactive bladder. The KHQ has two single-item and six multiple-item domains. To construct the short form of the KHQ one item was selected from the each of multiple-item domains, based on standardized structural coefficients estimated by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) in a previous study. These six items include the domains: 'daily activities from role limitation', 'travel from physical limitation', 'social life from social limitation', 'family life from personal relationship', 'depressed from emotion' and 'tired from sleep and energy'. Based on the six selected items a series of psychometric analyses were conducted.

detrol generic tolterodine

Aged > or = 18 years, noninstitutionalized; initial therapy with tolterodine, oxybutynin, flavoxate, or emepronium.

detrol tablet

Oxybutynin displayed extensive CNS penetration, with brain:plasma ratios (B:P), unbound brain:unbound plasma ratios (Kp,free) and CSF:free plasma ratios each >1. Tolterodine (B:P = 2.95, Kp,free = 0.23 and CSF:free plasma = 0.16) and solifenacin (B:P = 3.04, Kp,free = 0.28 and CSF:free plasma = 1.41) showed significant CNS penetration but with some restriction from CNS as indicated by Kp,free values significantly <1. 5-HMT, darifenacin and trospium displayed much lower B:P (0.03-0.16), Kp,free (0.01-0.04) and CSF:free plasma (0.004-0.06), consistent with poor CNS penetration. Permeability in RRCK cells was low for trospium (0.63 × 10(-6) cm s(-1) ), moderate for 5-HMT (11.7 × 10(-6) cm s(-1) ) and high for darifenacin, solifenacin, tolterodine and oxybutynin (21.5-38.2 × 10(-6) cm s(-1) ). In MDCK-MDR1 cells 5-HMT, darifenacin and trospium, were P-gp substrates, whereas oxybutynin, solifenacin and tolterodine were not P-gp substrates.

detrol 20 mg

The volume voided per micturition increased in the solifenacin group (n = 21) (P = 0.04). The strong desire to void and pad-test result improved in the tolterodine group (n = 21; P = 0.02 and 0.03, respectively). There were no between-group differences in changes of any urodynamic data, voiding diary values or adverse events after treatment; however, changes of heart rate differed between the two groups (P = 0.0004), especially at visit 2 (solifenacin vs. tolterodine, -4.3 vs. 3.8, P = 0.02) and visit 3 (-3.2 vs. 4.8, P = 0.03).

detrol 2mg generic

To assess the effect of antimuscarinic treatment with tolterodine combined with behavioural modification as a first-line treatment, before invasive investigation, in children with non-neurogenic voiding dysfunction but no obvious anatomical or neurogenic cause.

detrol online

At week 12, solifenacin and tolterodine demonstrated equal efficacy in reducing the number of micturition (-2.56 ±3.31 vs. -2.44 ± 4.56, p = 0.58), urgency (-1.70 ± 3.07 vs. -1.15 ± 2.68, p =0.37) and incontinence (-2.79 ± 2.82 vs. -4.67 ± 9.29, p =0.28) episodes per 24 hours. There was no difference in improvement of the quality of life. The patient and physician assessments of treatment benefit were not statistically different for solifenacin and tolterodine (p = 0.23 and p = 0.52, respectively), with the majority showing benefits in both groups. The incidence of major adverse events, including dry mouth (18.0%vs. 8.3%, p = 0.31) and constipation (12.8%vs. 2.8%, p = 0.20) was not significantly different. Compared with baseline, the severity of dry mouth did not increase in either group.

detrol medication

In this prospective study, 40 women with severe overactive bladder according to the 7-day voiding diary without any prior treatment completed the Incontinence Impact Questionnaire (IIQ-7) and were randomised into anti-muscarinic-alone and combination treatment groups. Twenty women received daily 4 mgs of tolterodine orally and in 20 women Stoller afferent neuro-stimulation (SANS) therapy was performed concomitantly for 12 weeks to the same anti-muscarinic regimen. After 12 weeks of therapy, two of the patients drop out of the study and remaining patients filled out the IIQ-7 questionnaire and the 7-day voiding diary again. Pretreatment and post-treatment QoL scores and the 7-day voiding diaries were compared. Mann-Whitney U, Wilcoxon and two sided significance tests were used.

detrol 4 mg

The aims of this work were to study pharmacokinetics of randomly selected drugs in plasma and saliva samples in healthy human volunteers, and to introduce a Salivary Excretion Classification System. Saliva and plasma samples were collected for 3-5 half-life values of sitagliptin, cinacalcet, metformin, montelukast, tolterodine, hydrochlorothiazide (HCT), lornoxicam, azithromycin, diacerhein, rosuvastatin, cloxacillin, losartan and tamsulosin after oral dosing. Saliva and plasma pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by noncompartmental analysis using the Kinetica program. Effective intestinal permeability (Peff) values were estimated by the Nelder-Mead algorithm of the Parameter Estimation module using the SimCYP program. Peff values were optimized to predict the actual average plasma profile of each drug. All other physicochemical factors were kept constant during the minimization processes. Sitagliptin, cinacalcet, metformin, tolterodine, HCT, azithromycin, rosuvastatin and cloxacillin had salivary excretion with correlation coefficients of 0.59-0.99 between saliva and plasma concentrations. On the other hand, montelukast, lornoxicam, diacerhein, losartan and tamsulosin showed no salivary excretion. Estimated Peff ranged 0.16-44.16 × 10(-4) cm/s, while reported fraction unbound to plasma proteins (fu) ranged 0.01-0.99 for the drugs under investigation. Saliva/plasma concentrations ratios ranged 0.11-13.4, in agreement with drug protein binding and permeability. A Salivary Excretion Classification System (SECS) was suggested based on drug high (H)/low (L) permeability and high (H)/low (L) fraction unbound to plasma proteins, which classifies drugs into 4 classes. Drugs that fall into class I (H/H), II (L/H) or III (H/L) are subjected to salivary excretion, while those falling into class IV (L/L) are not. Additional data from literature was also analyzed, and all results were in agreement with the suggested SECS. Moreover, a polynomial relationship with correlation coefficient of 0.99 is obtained between S* and C*, where S* and C* are saliva and concentration dimensionless numbers respectively. The proposed Salivary Excretion Classification System (SECS) can be used as a guide for drug salivary excretion. Future work is planned to test these initial findings, and demonstrate SECS robustness across a range of carefully selected (based on physicochemical properties) drugs that fall into classes I, II or III.

detrol drug label

Of 606 patients screened, 441 received study medication (mean [SD] age, 61.4 [13.8] years; 88.9% white; 88.2% female). Diary-documented urgency changed from a mean of 6.0 episodes/24 hours at prewashout to 2.6 episodes/24 hours at study end, a mean decrease of 3.4 episodes/24 hours (95% CI, -3.8 to -3.0; P < 0.001). The frequency of all other diary variables was also significantly reduced from prewashout to study end (P < 0.001). The mean PPBC score changed from 4.2 points at prewashout to 3.0 points at study end, a mean improvement of 1.2 points (95% CI, -1.3 to -1.1; P < 0.001). Changes in all OAB-q scales and domains (symptom bother, coping, concern, sleep, social interaction, and total HRQL) from prewashout and postwashout to study end were also statistically significant (P < 0.001). Treatment-emergent AEs were mainly mild or moderate (237/261 [90.8%]) and led to few discontinuations (16/441 [3.6%]). Treatment-emergent AEs included anticholinergic AEs such as dry mouth (77 [17.5%]), constipation (51 [11.6%]), and blurred vision (10 [2.3%]).

detrol pill

Bladder discomfort secondary to an indwelling urinary catheter is distressing to patients. In the present study, we observed that tolterodine (2 mg), a competitive muscarinic receptor antagonist administered 1 h before surgery, reduced both the incidence and severity of bladder discomfort secondary to bladder catheterization.

detrol xl dosage

Significant within-group improvement in OAB-q symptom bother was noted in both the intravaginal estradiol and tolterodine groups for OAB symptoms, with no difference between groups. Greater improvement from 12-week single therapy to 24 and 52 weeks of combined therapy was noted in the group originally assigned to intravaginal estradiol. The role of combined medical therapy for OAB symptoms needs further investigation.

detrol 2 mg

Women in group 1 (n=129) were prescribed tolterodine extended release (ER) 4 mg once daily; women in group 2 (n=100) were prescribed both tolterodine ER 4 mg and concomitant oestriol cream application once daily.

detrol 10 mg

To compare the efficacy of tolterodine plus simplified bladder training (BT) with tolterodine alone in patients with an overactive bladder.

detrol capsules

The follow-up consisted of regular visits and urodynamic evaluation at least once a year. The patients or their parents were interviewed to evaluate voiding behavior, as well as factors leading to lower patient compliance and deterioration in urodynamic parameters.

detrol generic dosage

Assess changes in resource utilization, work and activity impairment, and health utility among OAB patients continuing to have urgency symptoms with tolterodine ER 4 mg and willing to try solifenacin 5/10 mg.

detrol er dosage

Tolterodine ER treatment was associated with improvements in multiple OAB- and incontinence-specific PROs in a sexually active, relatively young, and racially diverse population of women. The findings provide clinicians with new insights into the impact of OAB and its treatment on HRQL in this population, which has been underrepresented in previous OAB studies. Study limitations include a potential underestimation of the impact of OAB symptoms resulting from the exclusion of women who may not be sexually active because of their urinary symptoms.

detrol rxlist pill

This is the first report that the urine excreted after oral ingestion of trospium (20 mg, twice daily) has a significant inhibitory effect in a rat model of detrusor overactivity. This suggests that antimuscarinic agents have a local bladder effect during the bladder-storage phase in addition to the smooth muscle-mediated voiding phase.

detrol 1 mg

Quality of life studies indicate that overactive bladder (OAB) has a greater negative impact on everyday life than other serious conditions such as diabetes. The detrimental effect of OAB on female sexual health is more prominent than urinary incontinence. We know that tolterodine immediate release (IR) has a beneficial effect on urinary symptoms in OAB.

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detrol 20 mg 2016-05-13

A total of 71 patients were evaluated. The groups did not differ with respect to age, gender buy detrol online and symptom score before study enrollment (p >0.05). Repeated calculations of symptom scores at 1 month of the treatment revealed a significant decrease in symptoms in all 3 groups, with a significant decrease in patients receiving tolterodine. In addition, at month 3 the symptom score of the tolterodine group was significantly lower compared to month 1, while scores remained steady in the behavioral modification and behavioral modification plus placebo groups.

detrol usual dosage 2015-11-09

Where the prescribing choice is between oral immediate release oxybutynin or tolterodine, tolterodine might be preferred for reduced risk of dry mouth. With tolterodine, 2 mg twice daily is the usual starting dose, but a 1 mg twice daily dose might be equally effective, with less risk of dry mouth. If extended release preparations of oxybutynin or tolterodine are available, these might be preferred to immediate release preparations because there is less risk of dry mouth.Between buy detrol online solifenacin and immediate release tolterodine, solifenacin might be preferred for better efficacy and less risk of dry mouth. Solifenacin 5 mg once daily is the usual starting dose, this could be increased to 10 mg once daily for better efficacy but with increased risk of dry mouth.Between fesoterodine and extended release tolterodine, fesoterodine might be preferred for superior efficacy but has higher risk of withdrawal due to adverse events and higher risk of dry mouth.There is little or no evidence available about quality of life, costs, or long-term outcome in these studies. There were insufficient data from trials of other anticholinergic drugs to draw any conclusions.

medication detrol 2015-10-02

The frequency and relative risk of UTIs were significantly lower in the tolterodine ER group than in the oxybutynin ER and oxybutynin IR groups. The relative risk of depression was also lower in the tolterodine ER group than the oxybutynin ER and oxybutynin IR groups; however, the differences were only significant in the tolterodine ER versus oxybutynin IR comparison. The utilization of UTI- and depression-related services and the number of antiinfective and antidepressant prescriptions were significantly lower in the tolterodine ER group than in the oxybutynin ER group. UTI- and depression-related costs were generally lower in the tolterodine ER buy detrol online group than in the oxybutynin ER or oxybutynin IR group.

detrol cost 2017-04-10

To evaluate the effects of tolterodine buy detrol online extended release (ER) and alfuzosin for the treatment of Double-J stent-related lower urinary tract symptoms.

detrol la generic 2017-07-25

The incidence of CNS adverse events was 9% and 8% for the oxybutynin and tolterodine treatment groups, respectively. The difference between buy detrol online groups was not statistically significant. All reported CNS adverse events were rated as mild or moderate in severity. There were no serious treatment-related adverse events in either group, and discontinuation because of a CNS adverse event was infrequent.

detrol la capsule 2015-04-01

The objective of this analysis was to assess the cost effectiveness of the β3-AR agonist mirabegron relative to tolterodine extended release (ER) in buy detrol online patients with OAB from a UK National Health Service (NHS) perspective.

detrol generic price 2017-11-06

To describe the design of a multi-center randomized clinical trial of behavioral training combined with drug therapy for the treatment of urge incontinence. The study aims are to determine whether adding behavioral training will increase the number of women who can discontinue drug therapy and sustain buy detrol online a significant reduction of incontinence; to test whether the short-term effectiveness of drug therapy can be enhanced by combining it with behavioral training; and to determine the cost-effectiveness of combined therapy.

detrol dosing information 2017-04-11

The results provide quantitative evidence that urinary urgency buy detrol online , as assessed by the UQ, is a pathological sensation distinctive from the normal urge to void and suggest that the UQ might be a reliable, valid, and responsive instrument for evaluating the severity and HRQL impact of urinary urgency in OAB.

detrol drug class 2016-07-03

To assess the efficacy and tolerability of solifenacin in patients aged ≥ 65 years, we conducted post-hoc analyses of data from VESIcare® Open-Label buy detrol online Trial (VOLT) and VESIcare® Efficacy and Research Study US (VERSUS).

detrol dosage forms 2016-05-16

Of the 30 patients who switched to tolterodine, a complete response was in 18 patients (60%), partial improvement in 11 (37%), and no improvement in 1 (3%) after a mean of buy detrol online 14.4 months (range 12 to 16 months) of oxybutynin treatment. The anticholinergic side-effect score was 7.2, 9.3, and 11, respectively, for those with a complete response, partial improvement, and no improvement in the compliant group. The noncompliant group had the greatest side-effect score (16.9). The fairly compliant group had a side-effect score of 12.3. After a mean of 7.1 months (range 6 to 9 months) of tolterodine use, a complete response was reported in 24 patients and partial improvement in 5 (17%). In 1 patient, treatment failed completely. However, his side-effect score decreased from 11 to 2. All tolterodine users were compliant with treatment.

detrol generic substitute 2015-04-18

To conduct a systematic literature buy detrol online review of drugs for urgency UI in women.

detrol online 2015-01-26

Propiverine and tolterodine were compared with respect to efficacy, tolerability and impact on buy detrol online the quality of life in the treatment of patients with idiopathic detrusor overactivity.

detrol capsules 2016-12-07

The objective of this study was to compare 1-year total healthcare costs for patients with overactive bladder (OAB) initiating treatment with extended-release formulations of tolterodine and oxybutynin: tolterodine tartrate extended-release buy detrol online capsules (tolterodine ER) versus extended-release oxybutynin chloride (oxybutynin ER).

detrol tab 2015-09-11

Human urine, with or with no intake of antimuscarinic agents, had Augmentin 625 Alcohol no effect on normal bladder function. Bladder capacity and intercontraction intervals were significantly decreased after adding carbachol to urine containing vehicle, tolterodine or oxybutynin. However, urine collected from the humans who had taken trospium prevented the carbachol-induced reduction in bladder capacity and intercontraction intervals. Maximum voiding pressure and pressure threshold were not changed in any case.

detrol recommended dosage 2015-04-01

Of 606 patients screened, 441 received study medication (mean [SD] age, 61.4 [13.8] years; 88.9% white; 88.2% female). Diary-documented urgency changed from a mean Tofranil And Alcohol of 6.0 episodes/24 hours at prewashout to 2.6 episodes/24 hours at study end, a mean decrease of 3.4 episodes/24 hours (95% CI, -3.8 to -3.0; P < 0.001). The frequency of all other diary variables was also significantly reduced from prewashout to study end (P < 0.001). The mean PPBC score changed from 4.2 points at prewashout to 3.0 points at study end, a mean improvement of 1.2 points (95% CI, -1.3 to -1.1; P < 0.001). Changes in all OAB-q scales and domains (symptom bother, coping, concern, sleep, social interaction, and total HRQL) from prewashout and postwashout to study end were also statistically significant (P < 0.001). Treatment-emergent AEs were mainly mild or moderate (237/261 [90.8%]) and led to few discontinuations (16/441 [3.6%]). Treatment-emergent AEs included anticholinergic AEs such as dry mouth (77 [17.5%]), constipation (51 [11.6%]), and blurred vision (10 [2.3%]).

detrol la cost 2016-07-25

This study compared the clinical efficacy (determined from micturition diaries) Cold Medicine Zantac and safety of 12 weeks' treatment with either tolterodine 2 mg twice daily, oxybutynin 5 mg three times daily or placebo in patients with an overactive bladder. A total of 277 patients were randomized and treated at 25 centers. Both tolterodine and oxybutynin significantly increased volume voided/micturition compared to placebo. Both treatment groups evoked greater decreases in micturitions per 24 hours and incontinence episodes per 24 hours compared to placebo; however, only tolterodine was significantly better than placebo in reducing micturition frequency. Tolterodine and oxybutynin were equivalent in their effectiveness. Tolterodine was significantly better tolerated than oxybutynin when adverse events (particularly frequency and intensity of dry mouth), dose reduction and patient withdrawals were considered. Oxybutynin is an effective drug whose frequent adverse effects limit its clinical usefulness. Tolterodine has equivalent efficacy to oxybutynin, but with less severe adverse effects. This will allow patients to receive more effective treatment for their condition, with better compliance.

detrol 2 mg 2016-09-16

Costs after 1 year were estimated to be an average of $32 less per patient for oxybutynin XL compared with tolterodine IR, and 3.1 additional patients in every 100 who received oxybutynin XL were expected to attain complete continence compared with Imitrex Pill Description those who received tolterodine. During the course of 1 year, patients receiving oxybutynin XL were expected to have a mean 16.5 additional incontinence-free days compared with those receiving tolterodine IR. The results were sensitive to relative drug prices. In the other sensitivity analyses, however, oxybutyrin XL maintained its advantage over a wide range of inputs.

detrol generic tolterodine 2017-09-09

Patients with urinary frequency ( > or = 8 micturitions/24 hours over a 7-day period), urge incontinence ( > or = 5 episodes/week), Depakote With Alcohol and symptoms of OAB for at least 6 months were eligible for inclusion. Patients (81% female) received oral therapy with tolterodine ER (n = 507) or placebo (n = 508) for 12 weeks.

detrol drug 2016-02-04

A combination of Daily Levitra Dose tolterodine/pilocarpine (2/9) effectively reduced the incidence of dry mouth compared with tolterodine IR alone while maintaining treatment efficacy in OAB.

detrol xl drug 2016-05-20

Overactive bladder is associated with symptoms of urgency, with or without urge incontinence, usually with daytime frequency and nocturia in the absence of local pathological factors. Muscarinic receptor antagonists (antimuscarinics) are the first-line pharmacotherapy. Tolterodine, a competitive, nonselective antimuscarinic specifically developed for the treatment of overactive bladder, demonstrated tissue selectivity for the bladder over the parotid gland in an animal model. As of March 5, 2003, the immediate-release (IR) formulation had been approved in 72 countries and the extended-release (ER) formulation had been approved in 28 countries, and tolterodine had been administered to 5 million patients. This review evaluates the benefit-risk profile of tolterodine in the treatment of adults with overactive bladder, summarising clinical trial and postmarketing surveillance data. Tolterodine has been found to significantly reduce micturition frequency, urgency perception and the number of episodes of urge incontinence and increase the volume voided per micturition. Dry mouth, an antimuscarinic class effect, is Evista 60mg Tablets the most commonly reported adverse effect but is mostly mild to moderate in severity. Serious adverse effects are reported infrequently. Based on summary and review of postmarketing surveillance and clinical trial safety data received by the market authorization holder and contained in the Periodic Safety Update Reports for tolterodine, several monitored serious events of the gastrointestinal tract (e.g. ileus or haemorrhage), nervous system (e.g. syncope, convulsions and memory disorders) and cardiovascular system (e.g. ventricular arrhythmia, atrial fibrillation, palpitations, bradycardia, transient ischaemic attacks and hypertension) were not considered related to tolterodine. QT or corrected QT (QTc) prolongation was not observed in any of the five cases of verified ventricular arrhythmia in patients administered tolterodine; there is insufficient evidence to indicate that tolterodine causes ventricular arrhythmia or extrasystoles or any specific type of cardiac rhythm abnormality. The safety profile of tolterodine is similar in patients aged > or =65 years and in younger adults. Clinically relevant drug interactions are limited to cytochrome P450 3A4 inhibitors, such as ketoconazole, and co-administration with such agents warrants a tolterodine dosage decrease. In addition, tolterodine IR 2mg twice daily is similar in efficacy to oxybutynin IR 5mg three times daily, and tolterodine ER 4 mg once daily is similar in efficacy to oxybutynin ER 10mg once daily. Dry mouth occurred less frequently with tolterodine than oxybutynin, and moderate to severe dry mouth occurred more than three times less frequently. Based on the low frequency of adverse events, the absence of unexpected adverse events and the very low frequency of serious adverse events, we conclude that tolterodine is a well tolerated treatment for overactive bladder in adults, in whom it should be considered as first-line therapy.

detrol generic name 2015-12-30

The study included 50 consecutive patients with urodynamically proven mild or moderate bladder outlet obstruction and concomitant detrusor instability. All patients were initially treated with 0.4 mg. tamsulosin orally once a day. A week later the patients were randomly allocated into group 1-25 who continued treatment with tamsulosin only and, group 2-25 who also Duricef Overdose received 2 mg. tolterodine orally twice daily. Reevaluation with a quality of life questionnaire and urodynamic study was performed after 3 months.

detrol la dosage 2016-11-24

In this study, transdermal gel formulations for tolterodine were developed to investigate the effects of gel matrix and chemical enhancers on drug skin permeation from tolterodine hydrogels. In vitro permeation studies of tolterodine through excised mouse skin were carried out using Franz-type diffusion cells. In the optimum gel formulation, Carbopol 940 was selected as the gel matrix. Compared to gels without enhancer, tolterodine hydrogels with N-methyl pyrrolidone (NMP) showed significant enhancing effect on transdermal permeation of tolterodine (p<0.05). The Mobic Y Alcohol results of in vitro percutaneous delivery experiment showed that the relationship of the steady accumulative percutaneous amount (Q, μg cm(-2)) of tolterodine hydrogels and time was Q4-12h=770.19t(1/2)-966.99. Tolterodine permeated at the steady-state speed of 770.19 μg cm(-2)h(-1) and its release coincided with Higuchi Equation. The pharmacokinetic properties of the optimized tolterodine formulation were studied in rabbits. The absolute bioavailability of tolterodine was 11.47%. Since the absence of hepatic first-pass metabolism, only a single active compound-tolterodine was detected in the plasma. A skin irritation study was also carried out on rabbits, and the results showed tolterodine hydrogels had no skin irritation. In the pharmacodynamic study, the significant effects of tolterodine hydrogels on the inhibition of pilocarpine-induced rat urinary bladder contraction were last to 12h, indicating that tolterodine hydrogels could produce prolonged pharmacological responses. In conclusion, tolterodine hydrogels were formulated successfully using Carbopol 940 and NMP and these results helped in finding the optimum formulation for percutaneous drug release. It is quite evident that tolterodine hydrogels may offer a possibility to avoid the first-pass effect, resulting in a single active compound of tolterodine in plasma, which may profit on the patient under the dose control and the reduction of potential adverse effect from two active compounds in the body.